The Threat of NBC Terrorism
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The Threat of NBC Terrorism Are we Really at Risk ? ? ?. YES: Domestic Preparedness Partnership Established 1996. The Nuclear Biologic and Chemical Difference “DELTA” NBC “DELTA” Builds on: Health care readiness for Mass Disasters Existing skills: Medical Emergencies

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The Threat of NBC Terrorism Are we Really at Risk ? ? ?

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The threat of nbc terrorism are we really at risk

The Threat of NBC Terrorism

Are we Really at Risk ? ? ?


Yes domestic preparedness partnership established 1996

YES: Domestic Preparedness Partnership Established 1996

The Nuclear Biologic and

Chemical Difference

“DELTA”

NBC “DELTA” Builds on:

Health care readiness for Mass Disasters

Existing skills: Medical Emergencies

HAZMAT Response

Extending these skills to include response

to a potential, deliberate terrorist event


Objectives

Objectives

  • To familiarize you with

    • Recent NBC events

    • The potential for terrorist use of NBC agents

    • Sources and hazards of NBC agents

    • Targets and indicators of NBC attacks

    • Outcomes of NBC terrorist events

  • So that you can recognize an NBC attack and understand the potential impacts


Potential probability vs impact

Potential Probability vs. Impact

BIOLOGICAL

AGENT

NUCLEAR

WEAPON

IMPROVISED

NUCLEAR

DEVICE

CHEMICAL AGENT

OR TOXIC

INDUSTRIAL

CHEMICAL

POTENTIAL

IMPACT

RADIOACTIVE

MATERIAL

PROBABILITY/LIKELIHOOD


Nbc terrorist incidents since 1970

NBC Terrorist Incidents Since 1970

March 1995 Sarin

12 Dead, 5500 Affected

May 1995 Plague

April 1997 U235

June 1994 Sarin

Sept 11, 2001

WTC-NYC

Pentagon-DC

3000 Dead

1972 Typhoid

February 1997 Chlorine

1984 Salmonella

200 Injured

7 Dead,

200 Injured

14 Injured,

500 Evacuated

70

75

80

85

90

95

00

USA as ONGOING

NBC target

June 1996 Uranium

1992 Cyanide

1984 Botulinum

March 1995 Ricin

December 1995

Ricin

April 1995 Sarin

1985 Cyanide

November 1995

Radioactive Cesium

April-June 1995

Cyanide, Phosgene, Pepper Spray


Groups that threaten

Groups That Threaten

  • Lone individual

  • Identified local or non-aligned terrorist groups

  • Internationally sponsored

  • Doomsday cults

  • Insurgents


Why nbc terrorism

Why NBC Terrorism?

Agents are available & relatively easy to manufacture

Large amount not needed in enclosed space

NBC incident difficult to recognize

Easily spread over large areas

Psychological impact

Can overwhelm existing resources


Proliferation of anthrax hoaxes

Proliferation of Anthrax Hoaxes

B’nai B’rith, Washington, D.C.

April 1997

30 persons decontaminated

  • Post Office, Columbus, GA

  • Jan 1999

  • 3 persons decontaminated

  • Indianapolis, IN

  • Sep - Dec 1998

  • 10 incidents

  • multiple incident per day

  • NBC News Bureau, Atlanta, GA

  • Jan 1999

  • 3 blocks evacuated

  • 12 persons decontaminated

  • Los Angeles, CA

  • Sep 98 - Jan 99

  • 16 incidents

  • Estimated cost: $4 - 5 Million

  • Washington Post

  • & Old Executive Building

  • Jan 1999

  • 2 incidents on same day


Limitations of nbc agents

Limitations of NBC Agents

  • Effective dissemination difficult

  • Delayed effects can detract from impact

  • Counterproductive to terrorists’ support

  • Potentially hazardous to the terrorist

  • Development and use require skill


Nbc agent sources

NBC Agent Sources

  • Home production

  • Laboratory / commercial production

  • Industrial facilities

  • Foreign military sources

  • Medical / university research facilities


Potential terrorist targets

Potential Terrorist Targets

  • Enclosed spaces

  • Large crowds (high profile events)

  • Critical facilities and infrastructure

  • Accessible facilities with significant hazard / damage potential (materials in transit)

  • Facilities of interest to terrorists’ cause


The fallacies

The Fallacies

  • It can’t happen to us

  • NBC agents are so deadly the victims will all die anyway

  • There is nothing we can do


Practical exercise

Practical Exercise

WHAT ARE THE

POTENTIAL TARGETS

IN OUR AREA?

WHY?


Targets in our area

Targets in OUR Area ?

State Capital

Old State House

Nuclear Plant

Airport

Alltel Arena

Downtown

Chemical Arsenal


We are vulnerable

We are vulnerable ...


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