Sociological Theories of Identity. - The idea of personality comes from the Ancient Greek Theater . The term “ personality ” derives from a Latin word “ persona ” and is itself an adaptation of an Etruscan word which designated a mask .
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(pornoboskos or procurer)IIIrd - IInd century B. C.
Old Woman Mask
End of IVe siècle B. C.
Dionysos MaskYoung Man Mask IInd – Ist century B. C.
Young Man Mask
(« effeminate soldier »or « blond young man »)
About 150 B.C.
approx. between 300 and 280 B.C.Material : Terracotta
Examples of Ancient Greek masks from Louvre Museum
House of Labdacos
The 2 families represented in the Ancient Greek Theater
Comments about the events
The plays show what happened to the famous characters when they didn’t follow the prescription of divinities
aim sanctimonius = give an example to the citizens
Ancient Greek Theater is cultural and religious
Both of those 2 approaches can be seen on three main points of view :
relations between them
between those groups and institutions,
rules, organizations, conventions…
(Political institutions, Laws, Religion, Philosophy, Ethics and Morals,
(Social relationships, Social classes, …)
2 principal approaches - a process of evolution
Social links under different levels of consideration
Historical process of societal evolution
Production relationships Constraints
Theories of middle and small groups
Mass Production and consumption
Erosion of Social Conscious
And theories of « actor »
Individual forms and conceptions
« I, Me, Myself… »
Domination of private or individual illustrations
Domination of« Individual » processes of socialization
Individual Identifications and Identification to Individual forms (persons, « individual » constructions…)
Collective forms and conceptions
« We, Us, Ourselves… »
Domination of collective illustrations
Domination of Collective processes of socialization
Collective Identifications and Identification to collective forms (groups, classes…)
What does-it mean concretely ?
Those 2 forms are supposed to correspond to an historical evolution from « primitive societies » to « modern and advanced sociology »
This rough opposition has been abandoned
because it didn’t reflect the reality
But Identity is constructed by several steps which represent different process, or different phases of socialization
are transmitted by those places, means, institutions
Which symbolic forms, for instance, can be considered as an injonction in modern European societies ?
What does-it mean for the individual’s identity ?
considered as natural
Directly linked with
Love/union= wife/husband choice
In fact, marriage is a social matter
In the same circles
= social codes translated consciously or unconsciously
= discrimination criteria
Society organised upon
sexual division of Work
Men = production / outside / hunting, building…
Women = reproduction / inside / « care »
Going against = transgression / deviance
From their identity
behind a principle / a process
2 main dangers for coaching :