Forefathers of classification
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Forefathers of Classification. Aristotle (Greece): the first person to realize that all living things should be organized Carl Linneaus (17 th century): 1 st person to classify living things in a scientific way

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Forefathers of Classification

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Forefathers of classification

Forefathers of Classification

  • Aristotle (Greece): the first person to realize that all living things should be organized

  • Carl Linneaus (17th century): 1st person to classify living things in a scientific way

  • Charles Darwin (18th century): developed a classification system based on evolution


Grouping of living things by domain

Grouping of Living Things by Domain

  • Domains of life:

    • Eukaryota

      • Animals

      • Plants

      • Fungi (mushrooms)

    • Archaea

      • Microbes

    • Eubacteria

      • Blue-green algae


Grouping of living things by category

Grouping of Living Things by Category

  • All living things are divided into seven categories

    • Kingdom (common)

    • Phylum

    • Class

    • Order

    • Family

    • Genus

    • Species (specific)

  • Think: Keep Pond Clean Or FroggyGets Sick

Kingdom is the most common and includes many diverse animals. As you move down the list, you get more and more specific about a particular animal.


Create classification study aid

Create Classification Study Aid

species

genus

family

order

class

phylum

kingdom


Species

Species

  • Most EXCLUSIVE group

  • Contains organisms that are VERY closely related.

  • Can reproduce and create more of their own

American Black Bear


Genus

Genus

  • A group of species that are closely related and share a common ancestor.

Asiatic Black Bear

Ursusthibetanus

America Black Bear

Ursusamericanus


Family

Family

  • A group of similar, related genera (genus)

  • Smaller than a genus but bigger than an order

Asiatic Black Bear

Ursusthibetanus

America Black Bear

Ursusamericanus

Sloth Bear

Melursusursinus


Order

Order

  • A taxon that made of closely related families.

  • For example, carnivores make up one order


Class

Class

  • A taxon containing one or more related orders

  • For example, mammals make up one class


Phylum

Phylum

  • A group of related classes

  • Chordata (vertebrates) are one phylum


Kingdom

Kingdom

  • Most INCLUSIVE group (most species, greatest diversity)

  • 6 kingdoms of life

    • Animals

    • Plants

    • Fungi

    • Protists

    • Bacteria

    • Archaebacteria


K eep p ond c lean o r f roggy g ets s ick

Keep Pond Clean Or FroggyGets Sick!

Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species


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