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Environment and Feeding Relationships. W Richards The Weald School. Adaptation. Organisms are ADAPTED to the habitat they live in. In other words, they have special features that help them to survive where they live. Some examples:. Adapting to seasonal changes.

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Environment and Feeding Relationships

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Environment and feeding relationships

Environment and Feeding Relationships

W Richards

The Weald School



Organisms are ADAPTED to the habitat they live in. In other words, they have special features that help them to survive where they live. Some examples:

Adapting to seasonal changes

Adapting to seasonal changes

1) Hibernation – ______ through the winter

2) Migration – moving to a warmer ________

3) _______ – growing thicker fur to keep out the cold

4) Shedding leaves – this reduces ____ loss

5) Food storing – to cope with a shortage in ______

As well as being adapted to its environment, an animal will also adapt to seasonal changes. Some examples…

Words – water, insulation, winter, sleeping, climate

Predators and prey

Predators and Prey

Features of predators

Features of prey

A PREDATOR is an animal that hunts and eats another animal

The PREY is the animal it eats, for example…




Food chains

Food chains





Plants convert the sun’s energy into food

The arrows indicate where the energy is going

A food chain shows where the energy goes in a food chain (in other words, “what gets eaten by what”):

Environment and feeding relationships

Food webs

Food webs contain many interlinking food chains…

Breaking the links

Breaking the links

e.g take out the crab:

  • What would happen to the population of flat winkles?

They would probably ______ because…

  • What would happen to the population of herring gulls?

They would probably ______ because …

Q. What would happen if an animal or organism was “taken out”?

Consider one food chain

Consider one food chain…

Top carnivore

Secondary consumer

Primary consumer


Match these words

Match these words…




Top carnivore









Usually plants. Starts off a food chain

Animals that only eat plants

An animal that eats producers

An animal that eats primary consumers

An animal that eats secondary consumers

A general word for “an eater”

Eats only animals

Not eaten by anything else

Eats both animals and plants

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