The present perfect
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The Present Perfect. Page 214 – Chapter 5 Realidades 3. The Present Perfect. In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?, they haven’t eaten. The Present Perfect.

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The Present Perfect

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The present perfect

The Present Perfect

Page 214 – Chapter 5Realidades 3


The present perfect1

The Present Perfect

  • In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has with the past participle of a verb: he has seen, have you tried?, they haven’t eaten.


The present perfect2

The Present Perfect

  • To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish, you add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs.


The present perfect3

The Present Perfect

  • To form the present perfect tense, we combine this past participle with the present tense of the verb haber.


The present perfect4

The Present Perfect

  • We generally use the Spanish present perfect in the same way we use its English equivalent.


The present perfect5

I have rented

You have rented

He, She It

has rented

We have rented

They have rented

The Present Perfect


The present perfect6

he alquilado

has alquilado

ha alquilado

hemos alquilado

habéis alquilado

han alquilado

The Present Perfect


The present perfect7

I have chosen

You have chosen

He, She It

has chosen

We have chosen

They have chosen

The Present Perfect


The present perfect8

he escogido

has escogido

ha escogido

hemos escogido

habéis escogido

han escogido

The Present Perfect


The present perfect9

I have decided

You have decided

He, She It

has decided

We have decided

They have decided

The Present Perfect


The present perfect10

he decidido

has decidido

ha decidido

hemos decidido

habéis decidido

han decidido

The Present Perfect


The present perfect11

The Present Perfect

  • No he reparado la bicicleta todavía.

  • I haven’t repaired the bicycle yet.


The present perfect12

The Present Perfect

  • ¿Qué trabajos has tenido?

  • What jobs have you had?


The present perfect13

The Present Perfect

  • Notice that when the past participle is used with forms of haber, the final -o never changes.


The present perfect14

The Present Perfect

  • Ricardo ha grabado su película favorita.

  • Sus hermanos han grabado una telenovela.


The present perfect15

The Present Perfect

  • Certain verbs that have a double vowel in the infinitive form (except those with the double vowel ui ) require an accent mark on the i in the past participle.


The present perfect16

The Present Perfect

caído

  • Caer

  • Leer

  • Oír

  • Creer

  • Traer

  • Reír

leído

oído

creído

traído

reído


The present perfect17

The Present Perfect

  • Notice that we place no and other negative words, object pronouns, and reflexive pronouns directly in front of the form of the verb haber.


The present perfect18

The Present Perfect

  • Has alquilado esa película alguna vez?

  • No, no la he alquilado nunca.


The present perfect19

The Present Perfect

  • Some verbs have irregular past participles.

  • Memorize this acronym:

  • REVV MAC PHDD


The present perfect

Rroto

Eescrito

Vvisto

Vvuelto

Mmuerto

Aabierto

Ccubierto

Ppuesto

Hhecho

Ddicho

Ddevuelto

Romper

Escribir

Ver

Volver

Morir

Abrir

Cubrir

Poner

Hacer

Decir

Devolver


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