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Unit 5 The Government of Michigan. What is covered in Civics in Grade 2?????? . Grade 2 - Unit 3 How Do Citizens Live Together in a Community?. Lesson 1 Living Together in a Community. Food. Language. D i v e r s i t y. Religion. Traditions. Lesson 2: Why Do People Form Governments?.

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Unit 5 The Government of Michigan

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Unit 5 the government of michigan

Unit 5The Government of Michigan


Unit 5 the government of michigan

What is covered in Civics in Grade 2??????


Grade 2 unit 3 how do citizens live together in a community

Grade 2 - Unit 3How Do Citizens Live Together in a Community?


Lesson 1 living together in a community

Lesson 1Living Together in a Community


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Food

Language

Diversity

Religion

Traditions


Lesson 2 why do people form governments

Lesson 2: Why Do People Form Governments?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

People want to be safe.

People need laws.

Why do people form governments?

People need services.

People need help solving problems.


Lesson 3 why do communities need laws

Lesson 3: Why Do Communities Need Laws?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

People form governments because they want to be safe.

Laws help keep

people safe.

Therefore, one of the most important jobs of a government is to make laws.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

The Smiths Buy Biggy

One year, the circus came to Flint. There were

five elephants that were part of the circus. Herby

Smith took his family to see the circus. The family

fell in love with the oldest elephant named Biggy.

They thought Biggy looked very sad to be part of

the circus. Mr. Smith talked the circus owner into letting him buy Biggy.

The family took their new elephant home. They cleared out their garage and made Biggy a home in it. Unfortunately, Biggy barely fit in the garage.

Each day they tied Biggy in their back yard. There was hardly enough room for Biggy to walk around.

The neighbors began to complain about Biggy. He made a lot of loud noises. Twice he stomped on the fence between the Smith family and their neighbors. Once he got loose. He stomped on most of the bushes in the neighborhood before the Smith family could catch him. He scared a lot of people. The neighbors had had enough. They wanted the city government to do something about this problem.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Sec. 3-82.  Prohibited exotic, rare or dangerous animals. – WATERFORD, MICHIGAN

(a) It shall be unlawful and a violation of this article for any person to possess or maintain within the township the following animals:

(1)   All animals, including snakes and spiders, whose bite or venom is poisonous or deadly to humans.

(2)   Apes: Chimpanzees; gibbons; gorillas; orangutans; and siamangs

(3)   Baboons

(4)   Bears

(5)   Cheetahs

(6)   Crocodilians and alligators.

(7)   Constrictor snakes, or other poisonous reptiles.

(8)   Coyotes

(9)   Elephants

(10)   Gamecocks and other fighting birds.

(11)   Hyenas

(12)   Jaguars

(13)   Leopards

(14)   Lions

(15)   Lynxes

(16)   Ostriches

(17)   Pumas; also known as cougars, mountain lions, and panthers.

(18)   Wolves

(19)   Wolf hybrids.

(20)   Raccoons

(21)   Skunks

(22)   Tigers

Can you have a hippopotamus ?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • IMPORTANT IDEAS:

  • Laws help keep people safe.

  • Laws help solve problems

  • Laws help people live together peacefully.


Lesson 4 how is our local government organized

Lesson 4: How is our Local Government Organized?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Mayor

Council

Court

Enforces Laws

Makes Laws

Interprets Laws

Local

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Supervisor

Board of

Trustees

Court

Enforces Laws

Makes Laws

Interprets Laws

Local

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 5:

What Does Our Government Do?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Local Government Services

Police and Fire

Departments

Libraries

Schools

Parks

Road Repair

Garbage

Pickup


Unit 5 the government of michigan

community

Connection back to Geography

The world

continent

country

state


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Our

Community

Michigan

Takes care of problems that affect our community.

Takes care of problems that affect our state.

Our Local Government

Our State Government

There are 50 state governments.

There are many, many local governments.


Lesson 6 what do core democratic values have to do with government

Lesson 6: What do Core Democratic Values Have to Do With Government?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

The

Common

Good

Individual

Rights


Unit 5 the government of michigan

The Smiths Buy Biggy

One year, the circus came to Flint. There were

five elephants that were part of the circus. Herby

Smith took his family to see the circus. The family

fell in love with the oldest elephant named Biggy.

They thought Biggy looked very sad to be part of

the circus. Mr. Smith talked the circus owner into letting him buy Biggy.

The family took their new elephant home. They cleared out their garage and made Biggy a home in it. Unfortunately, Biggy barely fit in the garage.

Each day they tied Biggy in their back yard. There was hardly enough room for Biggy to walk around.

The neighbors began to complain about Biggy. He made a lot of loud noises. Twice he stomped on the fence between the Smith family and their neighbors. Once he got loose. He stomped on most of the bushes in the neighborhood before the Smith family could catch him. He scared a lot of people. The neighbors had had enough. They wanted the city government to do something about this problem.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 7:

What are Some of the Roles and Responsibilities of Citizens

in our Local Community?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Obeying community laws

Voting

Civic

Responsibilities

Helping keep the community safe and clean

Helping to solve community problems


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Obey laws

Obey laws

Help keep the community safe and clean

Learn about community problems

Give ideas about how to solve problems

Vote to choose leaders.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

2 - C5.0.2: Distinguish between personal and civic responsibilities and explain why they are important in community life.


Lesson 8 what is the pledge of allegiance and why is it important

Lesson 8: What is the Pledge of Allegiance and Why is it Important?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Say the Pledge of Allegiance

Sing a patriotic song

Fly the American flag

Celebrate a patriotic holiday

Love our country

Learn about our country’s history

PATRIOTISM


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republic for which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

promise

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republic for which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

loyalty

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republic for which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republicfor which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.

Our kind of government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republicfor which it stands,

one Nationunder God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.

Our country


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republicfor which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.

We can’t be split apart.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republicfor which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with libertyand justice for all.

freedom


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republicfor which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with libertyand justice for all.

fairness


Unit 5 the government of michigan

I pledgeallegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the Republicfor which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with libertyand justicefor all.

The common good


Unit 5 the government of michigan

CONNECTING BACK TO UNIT 2 – The Economy of Michigan


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 6: The Role of Government

in Michigan’s Economy


Unit 5 the government of michigan

State

Parks

State

Police

Water testing

 What are some public goods and services provided by the government of Michigan?

State

Highways

Bridges


Unit 5 the government of michigan

State

Parks

State

Police

Water testing

 What are some public goods and services provided by the government of Michigan?

State

Highways

Bridges

 How does the government pay for these public goods and services?

Fines

Fees

Taxes


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • Other Public Goods and Services Provided by the Government of Michigan

  • State roads

  • State parks

  • State police

  • Water testing of lakes

  • Fishing access sites

  • a Historical museum in Lansing

  • Forest management

  • Bridge repair

  • Highway repair

  • Safety inspections on things like carnival rides

??????????????

How does the state pay for these goods and services??


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Fees for Fishing Licenses


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Fines


Unit 5 the government of michigan

$1.00

Taxes

Herby picked out a small toy at a store. The price on the toy was marked $1.00. He gave the toy to the store owner and told her he would like to buy it. The store owner told Herby it would cost him $1.06. Why did Herby have to pay the extra six cents????


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Should senior citizens be allowed to fish without a license in Michigan?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

CONNECTING BACK TO UNIT 3 –

The Early History of Michigan

What do they know already?

  • Michigan had a government before it became a state.

  • Michigan had a territorial governor.

  • Michigan had a territorial legislature.

  • Michigan had to create a constitution as a requirement for statehood.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Constructing a Sequence Chart of BIG IDEAS


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 1: Why Do People Need Governments?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3- C1.0.1:Give an example of how Michigan state government fulfills one of the purposes of government.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

To Make and Enforce

Laws

To Keep People Safe

We Do People Need Governments?

To Help Solve Problems

To Provide

Services

To Look Out for the

Common

Good

To Protect

Individual Rights

Lesson 1: Why Do People Need Governments?

Why do we need laws?

How might laws keep people safe?

What types of problems might a community have?

What services do community governments provide?

What is the common good?

What rights do people have?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

GROUP ACTIVITY SHEET

There were about 400 people living on the island of Westler. They were having lots of problems. People did whatever they wanted. If one family liked the lawn furniture of another family, they just took it. Rich families pushed poor families around. People drove as fast as they wanted and were always running into each other. People argued over everything. Most of the arguments ended in fights. Nobody felt safe on the island.

Questions:

How would you describe the main problem on the island of Westler?

What could be done to solve the problem?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

To Make and Enforce

Laws

To Keep People Safe

We Do People Need Governments?

To Help Solve Problems

To Provide

Services

To Look Out for the

Common

Good

To Protect

Individual Rights


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Purposes

Keep People Safe

Make and Enforce Laws

Provide Services

Help Solve Problems

Look out for the Common Good

Protect Individual Rights

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Purposes

Keep People Safe

Make and Enforce Laws

Provide Services

Help Solve Problems

Look out for the Common Good

Protect Individual Rights

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To make laws

  • To keep people safe

  • To help solve problems


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Purposes

Keep People Safe

Make and Enforce Laws

Provide Services

Help Solve Problems

Look out for the Common Good

Protect Individual Rights

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To make laws

  • To keep people safe

  • To help solve problems

  • To provide services

  • To keep people safe

  • To look out for the common good


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Purposes

Keep People Safe

Make and Enforce Laws

Provide Services

Help Solve Problems

Look out for the Common Good

Protect Individual Rights

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To make laws

  • To keep people safe

  • To help solve problems

  • To provide services

  • To keep people safe

  • To look out for the common good

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Purposes

Keep People Safe

Make and Enforce Laws

Provide Services

Help Solve Problems

Look out for the Common Good

Protect Individual Rights

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To make laws

  • To keep people safe

  • To help solve problems

  • To provide services

  • To keep people safe

  • To look out for the common good

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To help solve problems


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson Assessment

Describe one purpose of government and one way the government of Michigan carries out that purpose:


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Use the words in the Word Bank to fill in the blanks in these sentences:

1. _______________________ is a system of __________ and leaders that

helps keep people _______ and protects their individual ______________.

2. Governments look out for the common _______________ and try to protect

_____________________ rights.

WORD BANK

goodlawsgovernment

saferightsindividual


Lesson 2 what is representative government

Lesson 2: What is Representative Government?


Lesson 2 what is representative government1

Lesson 2: What is Representative Government?


Lesson 2 what is representative government2

Lesson 2: What is Representative Government?


Lesson 2 what is representative government3

Lesson 2: What is Representative Government?


Lesson 2 what is representative government4

Lesson 2: What is Representative Government?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3- C2.0.1:Describe how Michigan state government reflects the principle of representative government.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

The people of Westler decided to form a government to make the island a safer place. They decided all the adults would become the government. This meant the government would be made up of about 250 people. They would meet to make laws. They would also meet to solve problems.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • PROBLEMS!

  • Every time the government met all the adults would have to be at the meeting. What would happen to all the children?

  • There would be a lot of people at government meetings. It would probably be hard to make decisions with such a large group.

  • It would take a big meeting room for meetings. It might be hard to hear people give their ideas in a big room.

  • It would probably be hard to run a meeting with so many people. It would be hard to get people’s attention.

  • If there were a lot of problems to solve the government might have to meet for a lot of time. What would happen to the jobs that people had if they had to spend a lot of time at government meetings?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

POWER


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Pledge of Allegiance

I pledge allegiance to the flag

of the United States of America

and to the republic for which it stands,

one nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Representatives


Unit 5 the government of michigan

My Representatives in Lansing

My House District is Number ___________

My Representative is ________________________________________

He/She is a member of the ______________________ of

_________________________________________________.

My Senator is ________________________________________

He/She is a member of the _________________________.

The Michigan Capitol where the House of Representatives and Senate meet.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Assessment

Directions: Choose the best answer:

1. Our government is a republic. Who holds the power in a republic?

the President

the people

the richest people in the country

the army and the navy

2. What does representative government mean?

People make all the laws themselves.

People all meet together to make decisions.

People have a king to rule over them.

People elect leaders to make laws and decisions for them.

3. Who represents you in our state government?

the State Police

a community leader like a mayor

a Representative and a Senator

a judge

4. What happens if the representatives chosen by people don’t do a good job?

The people put them in jail.

The people don’t vote for them again.

The people make them pay lots of money.

The people send them to work in another state.

Write a short answer:

5. Why would it be important to know the names of the people who represent you in our state government in Lansing?


Lesson 3 how does state government differ from local government

United States

Solve problems that affect the whole country.

One

National

Government

Lesson 3: How does State Government Differ from Local Government?

Michigan

Solve problems that affect the one state.

50 State Governments

Community

Solve problems that affect a community.

Many, Many

Local Governments


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3 - C3.0.1:Distinguish between the roles of state and local government.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Examples of Local Government Laws

Tawas City, Michigan

It shall be unlawful for any person to own a pit bull, dangerous animal, poisonous reptile, or poisonous insect in the city.

Norway, Michigan

It shall be unlawful for any person to own more than three cats over four months of age at any one time anywhere in the city. This law shall not apply to cats that are being kept by a veterinarian, or any veterinary hospital, or by a pet shop.

Holland, Michigan

No person shall own any dog four months old or older that does not, at all times, when a dog is off the property of the owner, wear a collar or harness with a license tag.

Macomb Township, Michigan

It shall be unlawful for any person to own any dog which shall cause annoyance or disturbance to persons by frequent barking, howling, and yelping.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

An Example of a Local Law: St. Clair

No person shall harbor or keep any dog which, by loud and frequent or habitual barking, yelping or howling, shall cause serious annoyance to the neighborhood or to passersby upon the streets.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Marine City Law

It shall be unlawful to own, possess, shelter, harbor, keep or have custody of more than 3 dogs or 3 cats (or any combination thereof totaling more than 3), which are over 6 months old on the same premises except in any commercial animal establishment, animal shelter or veterinary hospital or clinic.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Who Should Make the Laws?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

State

Government

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

Local

State

Government

Our National Government

State

Government

State

Government

State

Government

State

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Assessment

Directions: Put an (X) in the correct column

Write a short answer:

Why do we need both a state government and local governments?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 4: What is the Purpose of the Michigan Constitution?

Describes what the state government can do and what it cannot do.

The Michigan Constitution

limits the power of the state government.

Divides power among 3 branches of government.

Describes individual rights that people have.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3 - C3.0.5:Describe the purpose of the Michigan Constitution.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

GROUP ACTIVITY SHEET

The people of Westler decided their government made up of all the adults did not work. They decided to try a representative government instead. They elected 12 people to be the government of Westler. These 12 people made all the laws and decisions. They decided right away that all the people of Westler should give them presents because they were the government. They made a law that said anyone who didn’t give them a present would be put in jail. They also passed a law that said everyone had to put a big sign on their lawn that said “We love the government.” They passed another law that said anyone who complained about the government had to leave Westler.

Questions:

What is the problem with the government of Westler?

What could be done to solve the problem?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

POWER


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • How Does Michigan’s Constitution Limit the Power of government?

  • It describes what the government can and cannot do. For example, our representatives can’t make us all send them presents and they can’t make unfair laws

  • It describes rights people have. The government cannot take these rights away.

  • It divides the power of government among three branches.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Teacher Reference Guide: Michigan’s Four Constitutions


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Teacher Reference Guide: Michigan’s Four Constitutions


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Teacher Reference Guide: Michigan’s Four Constitutions


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Teacher Reference Guide: Michigan’s Four Constitutions


Unit 5 the government of michigan

The current Michigan Constitution requires that every 16 years there be a question of whether or not to have a constitutional convention, voted on by the entire state

It appeared on the November 2, 2010 statewide ballot and was defeated.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • Michigan’s Constitutions – Assessment

  • Directions: Choose the best answer:

  • 1. What is a constitution?

  • an important law

  • a written plan for government

  • a branch of a government

  • a symbol for a government

  • 2. Which of these can be found in the Michigan Constitution?

  • a list of rights that people have

  • the name of the governor

  • a map of Michigan

  • a timeline

  • 3. How is the state government of Michigan organized?

  • It has one leader who has all the power.

  • It has three different branches of government.

  • It has a constitution.

  • It has a President and some people who make laws.

  • How might a constitution have helped the people in Westler?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 5: How is the Government of Michigan Organized?

Constructing a Graphic Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Michigan

Government

Lesson 5: How is the Government of Michigan Organized?

  • Legislature

    • Senate

    • House of Representatives

Governor

Supreme Court and other courts

Make

laws

Enforce

laws

Interpret laws

Legislative

Branch

Executive

Branch

Judicial

Branch


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3 - C3.0.3:Identify the three branches of state government in Michigan and the powers of each.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together! – Completed Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together!


Unit 5 the government of michigan

_________ Laws

________ Laws

_________ Laws

The Organization of our Local Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Mayor

Council

Court

Enforces Laws

Makes Laws

Interprets Laws

Local

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

6 members

Mayor

Council

Court

Enforces Laws

Makes Laws

Interprets Laws

St. Clair

Our Local

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

6 members

Mayor

Commission

Court

Enforces Laws

Makes Laws

Interprets Laws

Marine City

Also has a City Manager

Our Local

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Michigan

Government

The Organization of Michigan Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • Legislature

    • Senate

    • House of Representatives

Supreme Court and other courts

Governor

Judicial

Branch

Legislative

Branch

Enforces

laws

Interprets laws

Executive

Branch

Makes

laws


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Michigan

Government

The Organization of Michigan Government

  • Legislature

    • Senate

    • House of Representatives

Makes

laws

Legislative

Branch


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Teacher Reference: Michigan Legislature Chart

Similarities

Differences


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Michigan Legislature Information Sheet

The Michigan Legislature is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House has 110 members who are elected to two-year terms. These members are called Representatives. The Senate has 38 members who are elected to four-year terms. These members are called Senators.

There is a limit to how many terms each member can serve. Representatives are limited to 3 terms or 6 years. Senators are limited to 2 terms or 8 years.

To be elected to the House or Representatives or the Senate you have to be at least 21 years old. You also have to be a United States citizen.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Michigan

Government

The Organization of Michigan Government

  • Legislature

    • Senate

    • House of Representatives

Governor

Makes

laws

Enforces

laws

Executive

Branch

Legislative

Branch


Unit 5 the government of michigan

INFORMATION ABOUT THE MICHIGAN EXECUTIVE BRANCH – Teacher Reference Sheet


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Michigan

Government

The Organization of Michigan Government

  • Legislature

    • Senate

    • House of Representatives

Governor

Supreme Court and other courts

Makes

laws

Enforces

laws

Interprets laws

Executive

Branch

Judicial

Branch

Legislative

Branch


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Sample Newspaper Article

Newly Proposed Bill Raises Fuel Tax to Save Michigan RoadsPosted: 1/28/2010

In order to keep several Michigan road construction projects on track two state lawmakers proposed a bill to raise the fuel tax.Representative Richard Ball and Representative Pam Byrnes sponsored a new fuel bill that would increase the tax on gasoline from 19 cents per gallon to 23 cents per gallon this year and to 27 cents in 2013. It's estimated that the tax increase would raise $480 million a year.But not everybody favors this idea. For example, a trucking company in Reed City and several drivers want lawmakers to put the brakes on this new fuel tax hike.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Assessment – part 1

1. How is the government of Michigan organized?

It has a governor and a Senate.

It has a capital in Lansing.

It has three branches with different powers.

It has a mayor and a council.

2. The House of Representatives and the Senate are part of the

executive branch

judicial branch

legislative branch

governing branch

3. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

the senators

the representatives

the Supreme Court

the governor

4. What does the legislative branch do?

It makes the laws.

It enforces the laws.

It interprets the laws.

It runs the courts.

5. The Supreme Court is part of the

executive branch

judicial branch

legislative branch

governing branch


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Assessment – part 2

Write these in the correct places on the Graphic Organizer


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • Legislature

    • Senate

    • House of Representatives

Governor

Supreme Court and other courts

Mayor

Council

Make

laws

Enforce

laws

Interpret laws

Court

Enforces Laws

Makes Laws

Legislative

Branch

Executive

Branch

Judicial

Branch

Interprets Laws

Local

Government

Michigan

Government


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Lesson 6: How Do Courts Function to Resolve Conflict?


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3 - C3.0.4:Explain how state courts function to resolve conflict.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Examples of Local Government Laws

Tawas City, Michigan

It shall be unlawful for any person to own a pit bull, dangerous animal, poisonous reptile, or poisonous insect in the city.

Norway, Michigan

It shall be unlawful for any person to own more than three cats over four months of age at any one time anywhere in the city. This law shall not apply to cats that are being kept by a veterinarian, or any veterinary hospital, or by a pet shop.

Holland, Michigan

No person shall own any dog four months old or older that does not, at all times, when a dog is off the property of the owner, wear a collar or harness with a license tag.

Macomb Township, Michigan

It shall be unlawful for any person to own any dog which shall cause annoyance or disturbance to persons by frequent barking, howling, and yelping.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Highest Court

Uses a panel of 3 judges

Handle serious crimes

Handle minor crimes

Hears appeals from other state courts

Hear cases appealed from lower courts

Civil cases over $25,000

Civil cases under $25,000

Michigan

Supreme Court

Courts of Appeals

(4)

Circuit Courts

(about 50)

District Courts

(about 100)


Unit 5 the government of michigan

  • Teacher Reference Sheet: Courts

  • District Courts

  • Handle minor crimes involving state or local laws.

  • Hear all civil cases involving less than $25,000.

  • Handle criminal cases of crimes that have punishments of not more than a year of jail.

  • Judges are elected to a 6-year term.

  • Circuit Courts

  • Hear all civil cases involving more than $25,000.

  • Hear all criminal cases involving serious crimes.

  • Hear appeals (request for a higher court to review a case) from district courts.

  • The Family Division of the Circuit Court deals with family matters such as divorce, child custody issues, and adoption.

  • Judges are elected for a 6-year term.

  • Courts of Appeals

  • Hear civil and criminal cases appealed from lower courts.

  • Have a panel of at least three judges, not a single judge.

  • Cases are heard in Detroit, Grand Rapids, Lansing, and Marquette.

  • Decisions are final, unless the Supreme Court agrees to review a case.

  • Judges are elected to 6-year terms.

  • Supreme Court

  • The highest court in the state.

  • It hears cases appealed to it from other state courts.

  • Composed of 7 judges, called justices who are elected by the people.

  • Justices serve an 8-year term.

  • The court meets in Lansing


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Newspaper Article #1

Neighbor has to pay

FARMINGTON – A longtime dispute between two neighbors finally ended in the 47th District Court yesterday. Mary Battle had accused John Hanson of ruining her expensive car when he painted his house last summer. Battle claimed Hanson was painting carelessly and got paint all over her car which was parked in her own driveway. Hanson claimed it was a windy day and the wind carried the paint from his sprayer into her yard. He stated during the trial that it was not his fault that her car was parked so close to his house. The court ruled in Battle’s favor and ordered Hanson to pay her $3000 in damages.

Solve

Conflicts

Interpret Laws

(Decide what laws mean)

Decide what to do when laws are broken


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Newspaper Article 2

Court finds man guilty

PONTIAC – In the Oakland County Circuit court late yesterday, James McDonald was found guilty of robbing the Big Star Party Store. Evidence presented in the case included videotape of the robbery from a store security camera which showed McDonald robbing the store.

Solve

Conflicts

Interpret Laws

(Decide what laws mean)

Decide what to do when laws are broken


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Newspaper Article 3

NILES, MICHIGAN – The McGuire’s house will not be torn down after all. A court ruled yesterday that the city of Niles could not tear down abandoned homes. The court decided that the law was not clear. The court said that an unclear law could not be enforced.

Last year, Niles passed a law to deal with abandoned homes. The law said that the Chief of Police could hire people to tear down abandoned homes. The law did not say how long homes had to be empty before they could be torn down.

Jude and Mac McGuire go to Florida for the winter. This winter, the Chief of Police noticed the driveway had not been plowed and no one appeared to live there. After two months, he hired a company to tear down the house.

The McGuire’s went to court to try to stop the company from tearing down their house. The court decided that the law was unfair. The law was unclear because the word “abandoned” was not explained. The court decided the McGuire’s house could not be torn down.

Solve

Conflicts

Interpret Laws

(Decide what laws mean)

Decide what to do when laws are broken


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Purposes

Keep People Safe

Make and Enforce Laws

Provide Services

Help Solve Problems

Look out for the Common Good

Protect Individual Rights

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To make laws

  • To keep people safe

  • To help solve problems

  • To provide services

  • To keep people safe

  • To look out for the common good

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To provide services

  • To look out for the common good

  • To help solve problems


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Assessment


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Use the words in the Word Bank to fill in the blanks in these sentences:

 1. The ________________ branch of Michigan government is made up of

different _______________.

2. This branch __________________ state laws.

3. This branch also decides what happens to people who break ___________.

4. This branch also helps to resolve ________________ between people.

5. One important responsibility of citizenship is serving on a _____________.

WORD BANK

conflictsinterpretscourts

lawsjudicialjury


Unit 5 the government of michigan

RIGHTS

Lesson 7: What are the Rights and Responsibilities

of Michigan Citizens?

Laws and government protect people’s

rights.

Rights are connected to responsibilities.

  • Examples

  • Freedom of Religion

  • Freedom of Speech

  • The Right to a Fair Trial

  • The Right to Vote


Unit 5 the government of michigan

3 - C5.0.1:Identify rights (e.g., freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to own property) and responsibilities of citizenship (e.g., respecting the rights of others, voting, obeying laws).


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Rights

Freedom

of

Speech

Freedom

of

Religion

The right to a

fair trial

The right to vote


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Rights

Right to a fair trial


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Rights

Right to a fair trial

Freedom of speech


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Rights

Right to a fair trial

Freedom of speech

Freedom of religion


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Rights

Freedom

of

Speech

Freedom

of

Religion

The right to a

fair trial

The right to vote

Responsibilities

Let other people speak freely and give their opinions.

Respect the religions

of others

Serve on a jury.

Know about what you are voting for


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Responsibilities

Citizens have the responsibility to vote wisely


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Responsibilities

Citizens have the responsibility to vote wisely

Citizens have the responsibility to let others have an opinion


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Responsibilities

Citizens have the responsibility to vote wisely

Citizens have the responsibility to let others have an opinion

Citizens have the responsibility to respect other religions


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Thinking about Responsibilities

Citizens have the responsibility to vote wisely

Citizens have the responsibility to let others have an opinion

Citizens have the responsibility to respect other religions

Citizens have the responsibility to serve on a jury


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Assessment

Directions: List two rights and one responsibility that goes with each right.


Unit 5 the government of michigan

Connecting it all together!

In a republic power is held by the people.

The people give power to leaders

that they elect to represent them.

Some of these representatives become

our state government.

Our state Constitution describes how our state

government is organized into three branches.

Our state Constitution also describes rights

that citizens have.

Rights come with civic responsibilities


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