The anglo saxon period
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THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD. 449---1066. Three Major Periods in English Literature. Old English--449-1066 Middle English--1066-1485 Modern English--1485+. Pre-Anglo-Saxon England. 2000 B. C. inhabited by Iberians Iberians invaded by Celts 55 B. C. Julius Caesar invaded

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THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD

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The anglo saxon period

THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD

449---1066


Three major periods in english literature

Three Major Periods in English Literature

  • Old English--449-1066

  • Middle English--1066-1485

  • Modern English--1485+


Pre anglo saxon england

Pre-Anglo-Saxon England

  • 2000 B. C. inhabited by Iberians

  • Iberians invaded by Celts

  • 55 B. C. Julius Caesar invaded

  • 43 A. D. became a part of the Roman Empire under Claudius


The anglo saxon period

  • By 300-400 A. D. Romans withdraw from Britain

  • 449 A. D.--first Anglo-Saxon invasions


The anglo saxon period

S

T

O

N

E

H

E

N

G

E


The anglo saxon period

Hadrian’s Wall (Romans)


Anglo saxon society

Anglo-Saxon Society

  • Major tribes were the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes

  • Social unit was the “clan”

  • Each member bore responsibility for any wrongs inflicted or suffered by his kinsmen--duty to seek revenge


The anglo saxon period

wergyld--system of payment or restitution (peaceful settlement based on property or money)


Anglo saxon society cont

Anglo-Saxon society (cont.)

  • Comitatus--feudal arrangement whereby a youth would attach himself to a strong leader in exchange for economic and legal protection---also gold, horses, armor, etc.

  • Believed in a strong sense of fate, doom

  • wyrd--Anglo-Saxon term for fate

  • mead hall--center of social life


The anglo saxon period

A Mead

Hall


The anglo saxon period

Anglo-

Saxon

Battle

Helmet


Anglo saxon religion

Anglo-Saxon Religion

  • Were pagan when they came to England

  • St. Augustine sent by Pope Gregory to England in 597

  • Landed at Canterbury, which became the center of the English Church--remains so today

  • Did not try to immediately stamp out old pagan religion

  • Anglo-Saxons easily converted


Importance of christianity

IMPORTANCE OF CHRISTIANITY

  • Had a civilizing effect on society

  • Encouraged scholarly learning--monks could read and write--though mostly in Latin

  • Scholarly monks wrote down the literature, which had been communicated orally


The anglo saxon period

Page from the

Beowulf

Manuscript


The danish viking invasions

The Danish (Viking) Invasions

  • Began near the end of the 8th century

  • Began periodic raids on the English coast

  • Ravaged Northhumbria and turned southward to Wessex

  • Stopped by Alfred the Great


The anglo saxon period

Danish Ship


Why alfred was great

Why Alfred Was Great!!!

  • Turned back Viking invaders, who were threatening the complete overthrow of Anglo-Christian civilization

  • Promoted use of written Old English and commissioned writing of Anglo-Saxon Chronicles

  • Encouraged scholarly endeavor

  • Began first public schools

  • Instituted the royal navy


Characteristics of anglo saxons

Courageous

loyal

generous

hospitable

Highly moral

fond of boasting and fighting

Valued treasure and worldly goods

Characteristics of Anglo-Saxons


Anglo saxon poetry

Anglo-Saxon Poetry

Anglo-Saxon poetry came from an oral tradition.

It was recited/sung by a scop, who provided entertainment in the mead hall.


Features of old english poetry

Features of Old English Poetry

  • Extensive use of alliteration

  • Use of caesura

  • Four-beat line

  • Liberal use of kennings

    (Kenning—a type of metaphorical phrase or compound word used to name a person, place, or thing.)


The anglo saxon period

alliteration

Wine-hall of warriors gleaming with gold.

hemistich

caesura

kenning


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