India under british rule
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India Under British Rule. Chapter Eight Section 4 By Brian Boyle, Sam Yarosh , and Meg Boeni. A Timeline of British Involvement in India. 1498 – Portuguese traders become the first Europeans to gain a foothold in India. 1600 – England sets up the East India Trading Company

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India Under British Rule

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India under british rule

India Under British Rule

Chapter Eight Section 4

By Brian Boyle, Sam Yarosh, and Meg Boeni


A timeline of british involvement in india

A Timeline of British Involvement in India

  • 1498 – Portuguese traders become the first Europeans to gain a foothold in India.

  • 1600 – England sets up the East India Trading Company

  • Early 1700s – Mughal Empire begins to decline

  • 1740s – Rivalry between British and French traders in India

  • 1750s – Britain begins to intervene in Indian politics

  • 1765 – Bengal formally concedes to British military leader Robert Clive by the surviving Mughal ruler

  • 1773 – Regulating Act grants Parliament joint authority with the EIC in India

  • 1813 – Charter Act institutes laws based on British moral standards and outlaws many traditional practices

  • 1857 – Sepoy mutiny

  • 1858 – India officially becomes a British colony

***FunFact***The word Khaki was originally an Indian word spread to England through trade.


Robert clive

Robert Clive

  • Administrator of East Indian Company

  • Led British forces and helped defeat the French

  • Appointed Indian rulers in conquered territories who supported the East India Company

  • www.opioids.com/opium/robert-clive.html


East india company

East India Company

  • British encouraged disunity between Indian groups

  • British got groups one by one to sign treaties with East India Company

  • Gained rights to collect taxes; began gaining enormous wealth

  • Set up law code and court system

  • Ruled directly and indirectly


British rule

British Rule

  • By the 1850s Indians began to have problems with British

  • British outlawed many Hindu practices such as Sati- ritual suicide by widowed women

  • High taxes angered farmers


Sepoy mutiny 1857

Sepoy Mutiny- 1857

Sepoys were Indian troops who served in the British army


Causes

Causes

  • Sepoy infantry were issued Lee-Enfield rifles that had to be single loaded

    • Each cartridge was greased with pig fat and beef tallow, which caused problems for Hindus and Muslims alike

  • British outlawed the practice of sati which outraged the civilian population


Causes1

Causes

  • Sepoy infantry were issued Lee-Enfield rifles that had to be single loaded

    • Each cartridge was greased with pig fat and beef tallow, which caused problems for Hindus and Muslims alike

  • Some historians believe that the situation with the rifle cartridges was simply the last straw of a series of events leading to rebellion


Lasting effects of british rule

Lasting Effects of British Rule

Social and Political Changes

http://manolomen.com/images/british-army-polo-team-in-india.jpg


Economic changes

Economic Changes

  • Native economy all but destroyed and Indians forced to grow cash crops for British markets

  • Indian craftsmen unable to compete with an influx of cheap British goods

  • Taxes levied against local people of many castes


Social changes

Social Changes

  • English language became predominant in many areas

  • Schools of higher education founded on the British model

  • Health care and sanitation enormously improved ; rapid population growth

  • Christianity introduced

  • http://designscene.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/a313b122.jpg


Changes in technology

Changes in Technology

  • First railroad completed in 1850

  • Telegraph introduced in 1851

  • Three local postal systems merged in1854

  • Roads and waterways opened across the country to make transportation of goods and British troops more efficient


Indian nationalism

Indian Nationalism

  • Westernization and English ethnocentrism angered many and strengthened ties to native culture

    Modernization vs. return to native customs

  • Indian National Congress – succeeded in opening more government positions to native Indians


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