india under british rule
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
India Under British Rule

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

India Under British Rule - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 316 Views
  • Uploaded on

India Under British Rule. Chapter Eight Section 4 By Brian Boyle, Sam Yarosh , and Meg Boeni. A Timeline of British Involvement in India. 1498 – Portuguese traders become the first Europeans to gain a foothold in India. 1600 – England sets up the East India Trading Company

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' India Under British Rule' - camdyn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
india under british rule

India Under British Rule

Chapter Eight Section 4

By Brian Boyle, Sam Yarosh, and Meg Boeni

a timeline of british involvement in india
A Timeline of British Involvement in India
  • 1498 – Portuguese traders become the first Europeans to gain a foothold in India.
  • 1600 – England sets up the East India Trading Company
  • Early 1700s – Mughal Empire begins to decline
  • 1740s – Rivalry between British and French traders in India
  • 1750s – Britain begins to intervene in Indian politics
  • 1765 – Bengal formally concedes to British military leader Robert Clive by the surviving Mughal ruler
  • 1773 – Regulating Act grants Parliament joint authority with the EIC in India
  • 1813 – Charter Act institutes laws based on British moral standards and outlaws many traditional practices
  • 1857 – Sepoy mutiny
  • 1858 – India officially becomes a British colony

***FunFact***The word Khaki was originally an Indian word spread to England through trade.

robert clive
Robert Clive
  • Administrator of East Indian Company
  • Led British forces and helped defeat the French
  • Appointed Indian rulers in conquered territories who supported the East India Company
  • www.opioids.com/opium/robert-clive.html
east india company
East India Company
  • British encouraged disunity between Indian groups
  • British got groups one by one to sign treaties with East India Company
  • Gained rights to collect taxes; began gaining enormous wealth
  • Set up law code and court system
  • Ruled directly and indirectly
british rule
British Rule
  • By the 1850s Indians began to have problems with British
  • British outlawed many Hindu practices such as Sati- ritual suicide by widowed women
  • High taxes angered farmers
sepoy mutiny 1857

Sepoy Mutiny- 1857

Sepoys were Indian troops who served in the British army

causes
Causes
  • Sepoy infantry were issued Lee-Enfield rifles that had to be single loaded
    • Each cartridge was greased with pig fat and beef tallow, which caused problems for Hindus and Muslims alike
  • British outlawed the practice of sati which outraged the civilian population
causes1
Causes
  • Sepoy infantry were issued Lee-Enfield rifles that had to be single loaded
    • Each cartridge was greased with pig fat and beef tallow, which caused problems for Hindus and Muslims alike
  • Some historians believe that the situation with the rifle cartridges was simply the last straw of a series of events leading to rebellion
lasting effects of british rule

Lasting Effects of British Rule

Social and Political Changes

http://manolomen.com/images/british-army-polo-team-in-india.jpg

economic changes
Economic Changes
  • Native economy all but destroyed and Indians forced to grow cash crops for British markets
  • Indian craftsmen unable to compete with an influx of cheap British goods
  • Taxes levied against local people of many castes
social changes
Social Changes
  • English language became predominant in many areas
  • Schools of higher education founded on the British model
  • Health care and sanitation enormously improved ; rapid population growth
  • Christianity introduced
  • http://designscene.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/a313b122.jpg
changes in technology
Changes in Technology
  • First railroad completed in 1850
  • Telegraph introduced in 1851
  • Three local postal systems merged in1854
  • Roads and waterways opened across the country to make transportation of goods and British troops more efficient
indian nationalism
Indian Nationalism
  • Westernization and English ethnocentrism angered many and strengthened ties to native culture

Modernization vs. return to native customs

  • Indian National Congress – succeeded in opening more government positions to native Indians
ad