Management of soil health
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Management of Soil Health. J & K State Presentation National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi Campaign 2014-15 17 th and 18 th of Sept 2014, NASC, Pusa Complex, ICAR, New Delhi. Damage by Recent Heavy Rains & Floods.

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Management of Soil Health

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Management of Soil Health

J & K State Presentation

National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi Campaign 2014-15

17th and 18th of Sept 2014, NASC, Pusa Complex, ICAR, New Delhi

Damage by Recent Heavy Rains & Floods

Recent Heavy Rains and Floods in the Kashmir valley in Particular and many parts of Jammu region have damaged:

  • Almost all the Stationary and mobile Soil Testing Labs and Quality Control Labs in Kashmir Valley, besides farm machinery, pumpsets, bore-wells, etc. and other infrastructure in large area of the State ;

  • Cultivated area in major part of the valley due to floods, sedimentation and washing away of lands which will take much time for actual assessment;

  • About 13,000 hectare cultivated area by way of erosion, washing away of land and deposition of silt and other debris in Jammu region;

  • Damaged crops in about 1,33,000 hect area out of the net sown area of about 3.90 lakh hectare area to an extent of 25% to about 60% and even higher at some places.

Land use pattern - J&K State

Net Cultivated area 7.52 lakh ha

Net Irrigated Area 3.14 lakh ha

Rainfed incl. Dryland Area 4.38 lakh ha

Cultivable wastelands 1.50 lakh ha

Fallow lands 0.88 lakh ha

Pastures 1.29 lakh ha

Soil Health Status : J&K State

Soil Health Status : J&K State

Soil Health Status : J&K State

Extent of Land Degradation & Other Problem Areas :J&K State

Area under cultivation4%

Area of the State affected by water erosion

followed by wind erosion, water logging

and flooding31.6%

Area not fit for Agriculture because of rock

outcrops, icecaps and glaciers;56.7%

Area affected by Water erosion54.6 lakh ha. (24.6% of TGA) ;

Extent of Land Degradation & Other Problem Areas : J&K State

Main areas affected by water erosion:Causes:

Western aspects of Ladakh region,Deeply sloping landscapes,

High altitude areas of Kashmir regionDeforestation, overgrazing,

Higher reaches of Jammu regionFaulty land use, constructions

Areas affected by wind erosion

Eastern aspects of Ladakh plateauLack of vegetative cover

Areas affected by water logging & flooding:

Along Jhelum in Kmr & During High rains

alluvial plains of Jammu

Status of Soil Degradation : J&K State

(Figures in parenthesis represent % of TGA of State)

Interventions by J&K Agriculture Department

Interventions by J&K Agriculture Department (contd.)

  • Increase in fertilizer sale points from 3391 in 2013-14 to 3430 in 2014-15

  • Ameliorating micro-nutrient deficiency (48% in Zn; 33% in B; 10% in Mb; 7% in Fe; 4% in Mn): Presently, ZnSO4 utilization is being mainly addressed as under:

    Kharif 2013: 29.92 Mt

    Rabi 2013-14: 68.35 Mt

    Kharif 2014 : 12.00 Mt

    Rabi 2014-15: 550 Mt

  • 21 Soil Testing Labs in operation (14 Static and 7 Mobile : Annual Analyzing Capacity: 79,500 samples

    E.Number of Districts having AAS : 6

Interventions by J&K Agriculture Department (contd.)

F.Distribution of Soil Health Cards:

2013-14 : 60,840

Kh 2014 : 14,653

Rabi 2014-15:50,250

  • Production of Organic Inputs:

    Organic manure: 4,67,612 Mts

    Vermi-compost: 10,330 Mts

    Rural Compost: 2,15,565 Mts

    City Compost: 19,913 Mts

  • Vermi-compost units Estd: 2,465

  • Green Manuring Promoted (2014-15) : 200 Hect

  • Area under Conversion to Organic Farming : 4,105 Hect

Interventions by J&K Agriculture Department (contd.)

K. National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA):

  • An action plan of Rs 235.50 lacs in favour of Jammu Division and Rs 454.00 lacs in favour of Kashmir Division have been approved for implementation of Soil Health Management Components of CSS “NMSA”.

  • 6 Nos of New Mobile Soil Testing Labs shall be set up under the scheme with the objectives to provide soil testing facility at farm gate level.

  • 4 No of New static soil testing laboratories in Kashmir Division and strengthening of 1 No of static soil testing laboratory in Jammu Division have been approved under the scheme.

Interventions by J&K Agriculture Department (contd.)

L. National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture:

  • 1 No of Bio fertilizer and Organic Fertilizer Testing & quality control laboratory has been approved under the scheme. This will help to check the sale of spurious fertilizers.

  • 60 No of portable soil testing kits have been envisaged under the scheme for testing of soil samples in far flung and difficult terrains of the state .

  • 50 No of field demonstrations on balanced dose of fertilizers based on soil testing shall be laid out in Jammu Division under the scheme.

    M. RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojana:

  • 50,000 Nos of Soil Health Card shall be distributed under project Soil Health Management of the Scheme during 2014-15.


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