Neoclassicism or new classicism part one
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Neoclassicism or “New Classicism” Part One PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 73 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Neoclassicism or “New Classicism” Part One. Neoclassicism. 1660-late 1700’s in England, but the movement started earlier and occurred throughout Europe 1660 return of the Stuart line to the throne with Charles II after Puritans were overthrown from their 1648 takeover of the English government

Download Presentation

Neoclassicism or “New Classicism” Part One

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

Neoclassicism or “New Classicism”Part One


Neoclassicism

Neoclassicism

  • 1660-late 1700’s in England, but the movement started earlier and occurred throughout Europe

  • 1660 return of the Stuart line to the throne with Charles II after Puritans were overthrown from their 1648 takeover of the English government

  • Reaction against the Renaissance

  • Back to the classics of the Greeks and Romans

  • Age of Reason – 17th Century

  • Age of Enlightenment – 18th Century


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

Overview of Political/Religious History for this Period (Just for Historical Context)

  • Charles II restored to the throne (Stuart line) in 1660

  • The Church of England restored from Puritan takeover

  • Laws passed instituting the Book of Common Prayer and other pro-Anglican laws


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

  • James II inherits the throne

  • James tries to reinstate Roman Catholicism

  • Protestant William of Orange and his wife Mary take over the throne in the Glorious Revolution

  • James, his wife, and their son escape to France, to the Catholic court of Louis XIV

  • Two attempts to regain the English throne


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

  • Queen Anne is the last Stuart monarch

  • German-born George I of Hanover rules after her death

  • King George III is king when the colonists declare independence


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

Philosophical, Religious, Artistic, Scientific, and Literary Contexts


The classical writers rediscovered

The Classical Writers Rediscovered

  • Homer

  • Virgil

  • Ovid

  • Sophocles


Key ideas contributions

Key Ideas/Contributions

  • tabula rasa : the idea that humans start life with a “blank slate” in the mind, with no “pre-knowledge” ~John Locke

  • Laws of gravity ~Isaac Newton

  • Great Chain of Being: Man is just below angels and above nature ~Classical belief of classification and hierarchy


Deism

Deism

  • Bible is not the inspired word of God

  • God is like a clockmaker who created the world and then left men to rule themselves

  • Religion based on reason and the study of nature

  • Machinery set in motion


Key ideas continued

Key Ideas (continued)

  • Decorum: the subject of art and writing should be appropriate, as should be the structure

  • A story/play must have a beginning a middle, and an end ~ Aristotle (Ancient Greece)


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

Renaissance

No limits on what man can do

Intense emotions

Neoclassicism

Man is limited and imperfect

Restrained emotion

Prized order

Art is work and suited for the wealthy

Traits of Neoclassicism: symmetry, economy, logic, utility, controlled emotion


Forms of writing

Forms of Writing

  • Essay

  • Letter

  • Epistle

  • Satire

  • Parody

  • Moral instruction

Play of mind: polite, urbane, witty language and humor


Neoclassicism or new classicism part one

Writers

Alexander Pope

John Milton

John Bunyan

Daniel Defoe

Jonathan Swift

Thomas Gray

John Dryden

Samuel Johnson

William Cowper

Voltaire

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Artists

Jacques-Louis David

Benjamin West

Antonio Canova

Jean-Antoine Houdon

John Flaxman

Composers

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Joseph Haydn


  • Login