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The Integrity Project. State Audit Office of Hungary Péter KLOTZ dr., professional associate 23-25 November 2011 , Budapest Seminar for SAIs Against Fraud and Corruption. Strengthening Integrity Based Administrative Culture. Why Integrity Project?. New role of the SAO of Hungary

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the integrity project

The Integrity Project

State Audit Office of HungaryPéter KLOTZ dr., professional associate23-25November 2011, Budapest Seminar for SAIs Against Fraud and Corruption

Strengthening Integrity Based Administrative Culture

why integrity project
Why Integrity Project?
  • New role of the SAO of Hungary
  • European financial support
  • Corruption situation
  • Prevention – based approach in the fight against corruption (integrity)
1 the new role of the sao of hungary
1. The new role of the SAO of Hungary
  • Former: follow-up type audits
    • Dangers: not effective
    • Can’t prevent irregularities
  • SAO in larger sense
    • Not only controlling but advising, guiding
  • Higher responsibility against citizens
    • Sound management of public funds
  • SAO’s Stategy (2010-2015)
    • Integrity as a core value
2 european financial support
2. European financial support
  • European Social Fund (Operative Program for State Reconstruction – New Széchenyi Plan)
  • Project Budget – 1.05 million EUR
  • Assistance of the State Audit Office of Hungary (rooms, technical assistance and maintaining of the results – 5 years)
3 corruption situation in hungary
3. Corruption situation in Hungary
  • EC – Survey (2009) – 95% of the Hungarians agreed that corruption is a major problem in Hungary
  • No organization dealing only with corruption issues
    • Prosecution – Prosecution Service & Police
    • Legal background – Ministry of Justice and Public Administration
    • Training – National Institute of Public Administration
    • Coordination – Government Commissioner (lack of capacity)
4 prevention based approach in the fight against corruption i
4. Prevention – based approach in the fight against corruption I.
  • New approach in Hungary
    • Former: repression, punishment-focused approach
    • Forrunner experiences: social crime prevention
  • Difficulties in the criminal procedure:
    • collecting evidences is difficult
    • mutual confidence of the participants
  • Focusing on the organisation
    • no general anti-corruption policy
    • no general legal obligations or requirements
4 prevention based approach in the fight against corruption ii
4. Prevention – based approach in the fight against corruption II.
  • Public administration
    • dissemination of a new organisational culture
    • „best practices”
  • Status of the SAO of Hungary
    • independence
    • professionalism
    • respect
  • Anomia and norms
the integrity project general informations
The Integrity Project – general informations

The goals of the project:

  • To change administrative culture and officials’ attitude
  • To innovate
  • To measure budgetary organs (bench marking)
  • To „open public sphere” (transparency, accountability)
  • To develop audit methodologies 
  • To train the civil servants
  • To help governmental bodies
project features
Project features
  • Project owner: State Audit Office of Hungary (SAO)
  • Start of implementation: 01. 12. 2009.
  • End of Project: 30. 04. 2012. (+5 years)
  • Project budget: 1,05 million euro
  • Ratio of EU subsidies: 100%
  • EU funding: NDP2007-2013(European Social Fund)
slide11

Project content

  • Country-wide survey for public organizations exploring the state’s corruption protection system (integrity risk register)  
  • Conclusions about each participant’s level of risk are visualized in digital „risk maps” accessible for all via Internet
  • Scientific research, analysis, publications, recommendations
  • Create new methodologies for integrity risk management
  • Professional trainings, conferences:
    • public servants (leaders and auditors)
    • foreign professionals (Eastern-Europe, Western Balkans);
project s milestones
Project’s milestones
  • Preparation (project organization, preliminary communication) 
  • Project administration
  • Ensuring Transparency
  • Development of a multi-purpose electronic data collecting and processing application platform framework 
  • Data collection
  • Data processing and analysis
  • Organization of programs for target groups, interested third parties and the public
  • Development of methodology
  • Publication
  • Professional and executive education
  • Drafting proposals for state intervention
  • Horizontal measures (upon the EU requirements)
  • Follow-up period (5 years after 2012)
  • Closing of the Project
expected effects
Expected effects
  • Changes in officials’ and leaders’ personal attitude
  • Transparency on the up grade
  • Widening knowledge:
    • Nature of corruption
    • Integrity
    • Organizational risks
    • Methodologies (risk-management, integrity audit)
    • Smart solutions (e-form, e-learning, GIS)
  • Increased joint responsibility, change of culture
elaboration of training methodology
Elaboration of training methodology
  • What is integrity?
    • Linguistic problems: „integritás” or „integrált” or „integráns” or „integráló”?
  • How to translate theory (integrity) into the praxis?
    • Role of norms and values in the public administration
    • Hierarchy or egality
    • Commitment and busy

high-level public servants

  • Aversion to the trainings
    • „playing ball”
trainings for public servants
Trainings for public servants
  • Main goals
    • disseminate integrity aproach/changes in the organisational culture
    • sensibilisation
    • networking
  • In facts
    • 6 weeks,
    • ~230 participants
e learning development i
E-learning development I.
  • Main goals
    • Disseminate knowledge about corruption, integrity and organization development
    • Increase commitment of public servants
    • Reach the „critical mass”
  • Using ILIAS open source software
  • Using available infrastructures of

the National Institute of Public Administration

results till now
Results till now
  • Elaborated corruption risk methodology
  • Corruption Risk Map available via Internet
  • Geoinformatics System
  • Integrity appears in the education materials of public servants
  • Training methodology & materials
  • Project proposals for public administration organizations
  • Trained public servants and trainer candidates
  • Professional contacts with NGOs and Government
tasks to do
Tasks to do…
  • Cooperation agreement with the National Institute of Public Administration (December 2011)
  • Publications of the scientific researches (January 2012)
  • New Integity Surwey (January-February 2012)
  • E-learning curriculum (February 2012)
  • Proposal for the legislator (February 2012)
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