Role of Civil Society / NGOs+ in Rural Development. 87 th Foundation Course for Central Civil Services, IES, ISS, and IFS Officer Trainees. Dr . MCR HRD Institute of AP 2 nd November 2012. Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy, CEO, GEO http://e-geo.org. The Drivers of Change . Civil Society.
Role of Civil Society / NGOs+ in Rural Development
87th Foundation Course for Central Civil Services, IES, ISS, and IFS Officer Trainees
Dr. MCR HRD Institute of AP
2nd November 2012
Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy,
CEO, GEO http://e-geo.org
The Drivers of Change ..
"the arena, outside of the family, the state, and the market where people associate to advance common interests."
GOVERNMENT / PUBLIC
CONTRACTORS / PRIVATE
Don’t forget to sweep the corners
During the second half of the 19th century, nationalist consciousness spread across India and self-help emerged as the primary focus of sociopolitical movements.
Numerous organizations were established during this period, including the
One survey found 48 different terms and acronyms. Here is a sample:
ENGOs Environmental NGOs
GONGOs Government Organized NGOs
IPOsIndigenous Peoples Organizations
GSCOsGlobal Social Change Organizations
In short, there is no agreed terminology for describing the NGO sector.
NGOs are not:
By definition, it is an organization that is not directly related to government. The World Health Organization first made the term NGO popular back in 1945.
There are more than 50,000 international INGO’s.
In the United States there are over 2 million NGO’s
1-2 million in India. There is a marked increase in the numbers of NGO organizations worldwide.
Though the term NGO became popular in India only in the 1980s, the voluntary sector has an older tradition.
Since independence from the British in 1947, the voluntary sector had a lot of respect in the minds of people - first, because the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi was an active participant; and second because India has always had the tradition of honouring those who have made some sacrifice to help others.
In independent India, the initial role played by the voluntary organizations started by Gandhi and his disciples was to fill in the gaps left by the government in the development process. The volunteers organized handloom weaversin villages to form cooperatives through which they could market their products directly in the cities, and thus get a better price.
Traditional development NGOs, who went into a village or a group of villages and ran literacy programmes, crËchesfor children and clinics, encouraged farmers to experiment with new crops and livestock breeds that would bring more money, helped the weavers and other village artisans market their products and so on
The second group of NGOs were those who researched a particular subject in depth, and then lobbied with the government or with industry or petitioned the courts for improvements in the lives of the citizens, as far as that particular subject was concerned.
In the third group were those volunteers who saw themselves more as activists than other NGOs did. They petitioned the bureaucrats, they alerted the media whenever they found something wrong and so on. Eg: NBA
“Major Groups” is a term that was introduced in Agenda 21, agreed by governments at the Rio Earth Summit. It describes nine sectors of society identified as having a significant role in sustainable development:
Those who have an interest in a particular decision, either as individuals or representatives of a group. This includes people who influence a decision, or can influence it, as well as those affected by it.
Advantages of NGOs
Specific Project / Issue
4 important functions:
The PRIA survey reveals that
26.5% of NGOs are engaged in religious activities
21.3% work in the area of community and/or social service.
About one in five NGOs works in education
7.9% are active in the fields of sports and culture.
6.6% work in the health sector.
NGOs are also the source and centre of social justice to the marginalised members of society in developing countries or failed states.
With the retreat of the state and the growing power of corporations, NGOs are shifting their attention away from governments and towards big business…
“Look to the Future. Accept the Challenges. Society fails if the citizen is not engaged.
“Setting an agenda for change is not a burden. It’s a responsibility. And an opportunity to change for good”