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1 st Semester Review. What is significant about the year 1776?. Signing of Declaration of Independence Which symbolized Revolution from a tyrannical king and broke a social contract with England . What major event during the Revolution was Thomas Jefferson absent from?.

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what is significant about the year 1776
What is significant about the year 1776?
  • Signing of Declaration of Independence
  • Which symbolized Revolution from a tyrannical king and broke a social contract with England.
what major event during the revolution was thomas jefferson absent from
What major event during the Revolution was Thomas Jefferson absent from?
  • Participating in the Constitutional Convention.
  • He was serving in France
what best describes george washington s role in the american revolution
What best describes George Washington’s role in the American revolution?
  • Provided effective military leadership in order to defeat England.
slide5
In which Amendment is this quote found?“He has deprived us, in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury.”
  • 7th Amendment
what best summarizes the problem with the articles of confederation
What best summarizes the problem with the Articles of Confederation?
  • No ability to regulate trade or create a tax base for the national government.
describe inalienable rights
Describe inalienable rights?
  • Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
  • Rights every human has at birth!
the major importance of 1787 is what
The major importance of 1787 is what?
  • Constitution is written
  • The development of a new government replacing a weak one.
how did the english bill of rights and magna carta influence the u s constitution
How did the English Bill of Rights and Magna Carta influence the U.S. Constitution?
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Trial by Jury
  • No taxation without representation
how can you best summarize the 1 st amendment
How can you best summarize the 1st Amendment?
  • Protects a persons 5 basic freedoms
how can you best explain the 13 th 14 th and 15 th amendments
How can you best explain the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments?
  • Rights and protections given to African Americans after the Civil War.
summarize the impact the great plains had on the old west
Summarize the impact the Great Plains had on the Old West.
  • Many people migrated west but had to spread out settlement due to location of water resources.
what are four effects on the physical environment due to population growth
What are four effects on the physical environment due to population growth?
  • Reduction of natural resources
  • Pollution
  • Reduction of unused and underdeveloped land
  • Disease
explain how barbed wire the steel plow and the windmill impact the settlement of the great plains
Explain how barbed wire, the steel plow, and the windmill impact the settlement of the Great Plains.
  • Allowed people to better produce crops
define the term american frontier
Define the term “American Frontier”
  • The constantly moving area where pioneer settlement ended
what reasons led to increased immigration in the late 1800 s
What reasons led to increased immigration in the late 1800’s
  • Political and Social unrest in foreign lands
  • Desire to make more money
  • Religious persecution
  • Desire to be free
define americanization
Define Americanization
  • Learning and acceptance of the dominant culture of the U.S.
what did the dawes act do
What did the Dawes Act do?
  • The U.S. Governments attempt to divide native American land & force them to live an “American way of life”
what are three factors that contributed to the fall of the plains indians
What are three factors that contributed to the fall of the Plains Indians?
  • Lack of organization between tribes.
  • Dwindling number of Buffalo
  • Outnumbered by U.S. Troops
what impacts did the railroad have on the old west
What impacts did the Railroad have on the Old West?
  • Boom in the cattle industry.
  • Increase in immigrant expansion westward causing the spread of multiple cultures
what are characteristics of political machines
What are characteristics of political machines.
  • Did favors in exchange for votes.
  • They would control candidates they helped get elected
  • Elected officials would exchange jobs for $
social darwinism is the belief that
Social Darwinism is the belief that… ?
  • Companies left alone by the government will allow the strongest to survive.
technological influences during the 19 th century lead to these three things
Technological influences during the 19th century lead to these three things?
  • Businesses diversified and expanded to serve more people.
  • Expansion of transportation to ship goods more quickly
  • Rapid expansion of Monopolies
what impacts did monopolies have on the lives of the american worker
What impacts did monopolies have on the lives of the American Worker.
  • Higher prices of goods
  • Lower wages (pay)
what desires led to the formation of the labor unions in the early 20 th century
What desires led to the formation of the labor unions in the early 20th century?
  • Desire for better wages
  • Safer factories
  • Lower the work day to 8 hours
how did muckrackers help create social and political reforms
How did Muckrackers help create social and political reforms?
  • By writing stories and taking pictures that brought attention to the condition of the poor.
what did 3 rd party politics offer society in the 19 th century
What did 3rd party politics offer society in the 19th century.
  • 3rd parties gave people more choices
the pendleton act and civil service reform sought to accomplish what
The Pendleton Act and Civil Service reform sought to accomplish what?
  • Require a person to pass a test in order to get a job
what did the assembly line do for the american automobile
What did the assembly line do for the American automobile?
  • It led to mass production of cars which lowered costs and increased sales which changed how people lived
what major problems led to initiative referendum and recall
What major problems led to initiative, referendum and recall.
  • A corrupt and isolated government that only allowed legislatures the opportunity to introduce and pass laws.
  • Did not allow ordinary citizens to have a say.
what was the major problem with the population of the cities in the mid 1880 s
What was the major problem with the population of the cities in the mid 1880’s?
  • The cities were full of lawless men and criminals.
the meat inspection act and the pure food and drug act reforms came directly from what
The Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act reforms came directly from what?

Big companies and trusts that disregarded health and safety and created horrible working conditions.

during the late 19 th century jacob riis often wrote about what
During the late 19th century Jacob Riis often wrote about what?
  • His sympathy and concern for terrible living conditions of America’s poor.
1898 is significant why
1898 is significant why?
  • It was the beginning of U.S. Imperialism.
the years of 1914 1918 are significant because
The years of 1914 – 1918 are significant because?
  • The United States emerged as a World Power after WWI.
what are the 4 long range causes of wwi
What are the 4 long range causes of WWI
  • Militarism
  • Alliance system
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism
immediate causes for the u s to enter wwi included
Immediate causes for the U.S. to enter WWI included.
  • Germany’s unrestricted warfare and their attempt to arrange an alliance with Mexico known as the Zimmerman note
what did roosevelt mean by speak softly but carry a big stick
What did Roosevelt mean by “speak softly but carry a big stick”.
  • America should use the military in order to protect its interest around the world.
taft s dollar diplomacy effects included
Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy effects included
  • Loaning money in order to have influence over Latin America
battle of argonne forest is significant because
Battle of Argonne Forest is significant because
  • Turned WWI around for the Allies because they defeated the Germans for the first time.
political boundaries that changed after wwi included
Political Boundaries that changed after WWI included
  • Germany was reduced
  • Poland was created
  • Czechoslovakia was created
  • Austria-Hungary were split up
the treaty of versailles that ended wwi led to what
The Treaty of Versailles that ended WWI led to what?
  • Fragile peace throughout Europe that eventually led to WWII.
nations that were created from the austria hungary empire after wwi
Nations that were created from the Austria-Hungary Empire after WWI.
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Austria
  • Hungary
  • Yugoslavia
a major reason for the changes in geographical boundaries after wwi was
A major reason for the changes in geographical boundaries after WWI was.
  • The Allies (winners) of WWI feared large European Empires
what is the purpose of the constitutional principal of separation of powers
What is the purpose of the constitutional principal of separation of powers
  • The federal government is divided into 3 branches that each have specific duties
what is an example of governmental checks and balances
What is an example of governmental checks and balances?
  • President can veto a law made by congress.
  • Congress must pass a law then the president signs it.
what is the purpose of checks and balances
What is the purpose of checks and balances?
  • Prevents one branch of federal government from becoming too powerful
the idea of we the people best represents which constitutional principal
The idea of “We the people” best represents which constitutional principal?
  • Popular Sovereignty
manifest destiny is the idea of
Manifest Destiny is the idea of:
  • Settling from sea to shining sea (East Coast to West Coast)
what were some obstacles to settling the great plains
What were some obstacles to settling the Great Plains
  • Scarcity of water
  • Lack of lumber
  • Poor soil for farming
what was the major purpose of the homestead act of 1862
What was the major purpose of the homestead Act of 1862?
  • Encourage settlement of public land for farming
during the industrial age what change did america experience
During the industrial age what change did America experience?
  • America changed from an agricultural to an industrial nation.
why did america have an open immigration policy during the 1800 s
Why did America have an open immigration policy during the 1800’s?
  • Because of the need for cheap labor
what was the goal of the progressive movement
What was the goal of the Progressive Movement?
  • Solve political and social problems created by industrialism by passing new laws to provide more government regulations
what did territorial acquisitions by the u s during the spanish american war lead to
What did territorial acquisitions by the U.S. during the Spanish American War lead to?
  • Expansion led to involvement with foreign countries
why did americans want to expand imperialistically in the late 1800 s
Why did Americans want to expand Imperialistically in the late 1800’s?
  • Need for new markets for American products
  • Need to ease overcrowding of big cities
  • The close of the American frontier
what is imperialism
What is imperialism?
  • The attempt to exert political or economic control over other countries
what were some significant problems during the 1920 s
What were some significant problems during the 1920’s?
  • Racial intolerance and violence
  • Labor strikes
  • Anti-immigration actions
what was the red scare
What was the red scare?
  • Americas widespread concern about communist threats
what was the reason for prohibition
What was the reason for prohibition?
  • Legislate public morality by banning alcohol
what was the harlem renaissance
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
  • African American Artistic movement centered in New York
what negative result followed the return of us soldiers from wwi
What negative result followed the return of US Soldiers from WWI
  • High unemployment due to factory slow downs because they didn’t need to build weapons of war anymore
why were laborers unfairly branded communist in the 1920 s
Why were laborers unfairly branded Communist in the 1920’s
  • Because they went on strike and attempted to overthrow American businesses and the wealth they represented
what was the goal of the national origins act of 1924
What was the goal of the National Origins Act of 1924?
  • Restrict the number of immigrants coming to the U.S. from Eastern Europe
what is the 19 th amendment
What is the 19th Amendment?
  • Women were granted voting rights
list four ways the changing roles of women impacted society
List four ways the changing roles of women impacted society?
  • Change in workplace relationships and dynamics
  • More women attending college
  • Greater personal freedom and independence
  • Emphasis on youth, fashion and pleasure
how did prohibition lead to a rise in organized crime
How did prohibition lead to a rise in organized crime?
  • The strong demand for alcohol provided an opportunity for illegal profits
what was the ultimate result of the great migration
What was the ultimate result of the “Great Migration”?
  • African American’s found new opportunities in the north that increased the arts
what was the teapot dome scandal
What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
  • Illegal leasing of Government oil reserves
  • Caused people to lose faith in the governments ability to discipline itself
what caused a boom in the 1920 s economy
What caused a boom in the 1920’s economy?
  • Availability of easy credit
  • Dramatic increase in the purchases of automobiles and household products
  • The use of mass advertising to market products
why were the 1920 s considered a renaissance
Why were the 1920’s considered a Renaissance?
  • The rebirth of economic freedom that led to more personal freedom and luxury
what is federalism
What is Federalism?
  • The relationship between local, state and federal government.
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