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Latin American Studies. December 1, 2010. Welcome Back!. Do Now: What´s the most fun thing you did over break? The best food? Objectives: Current Events Discuss the plan for the winter term Review the final exam Explore the events/scene in Latin America leading into the 1800s

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latin american studies

Latin American Studies

December 1, 2010

welcome back
Welcome Back!

Do Now: What´s the most fun thing you did over break? The best food?

Objectives:

CurrentEvents

Discuss the plan for the winter term

Review the final exam

Explore the events/scene in Latin America leading into the 1800s

Homework: Read pgs. 91-97 in Born in Blood and Fire

what are the wikileaks
What are the “wikileaks?”
  • “Wikileaks” is a websitefoundedby Julian Assange
  • Many US classifieddocumentshavebeenleakedonthiswebsiterecently—plans, cables, etc.
recent headlines
Recentheadlines
  • Wikileaks reveal US concerns on Cuba-Venezuela ties

Hugo Chavez and Raul Castro are close allies

now for another type of wiki
Nowforanothertype of wiki!
  • Updatedwikispace page—has all of theimportant dates forthisterm, unit plan, homework, etc.!
things to work on moving forward
Thingstoworkonmoving forward:
  • Followingthedirections!
  • Essayconstruction
    • Introduction
    • Bodyparagraphortwo
where were we
Wherewerewe?
  • Whatwas happening in the 1700s?
  • Whowerethefollowingpeople, and whyweretheyimportant?
    • TheBourbons
    • Tupac Amaru II
    • Touissant L’Ouverture
the bourbons
The Bourbons
  • Trying to completely change old political and economic structures in Spain
  • How did this effect the Americas?
    • Further centralization of colonial administration
    • Try to reduce smuggling and “reconquer” the colonies economically by improving exclusive economic ties
major changes
Major changes
  • New viceroyalties
    • 1739: Viceroyalty of New Granada (Northern Andean region)
    • 1776: Viceroyalty of Rio de la

Plata

  • Charles III
    • Trading monopoly of Cadiz

gradually eliminated

    • 1778: Decree of free trade
stimulus to economic activity
Stimulus to economic activity!
  • Most important impact of Bourbon reform
    • Growing European demand
    • Increase in population
  • Increase in agricultural production
  • Increased concentration of landownership
  • Revival of silver mining
  • Leads to…
    • Fortification of ports
    • Creation of colonial military
downside
Downside…
  • Decline in colonial manufacturing (limited)
  • Early labor struggles in 1770s and 1780s
  • Resentments/class divide continues
    • Creoles vs. Peninsulars (native born vs. Spain born whites)
  • Multitude did not get benefits of Bourbon reforms
major discontent
Major discontent

CAUSES:

  • Repartimiento de mercancias—forced buying of goods from local authority for high prices
  • Higher taxes, tightened collection of tribute
tupac amaru ii
TupacAmaru II
  • Was originally Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui
    • Mestizo
    • Tried to help out legally first
  • Revolt 1780-1781
    • Purpose: to establish an independent Peruvian state
    • “Anticolonial, national revolution”
  • Issues:
    • Indian peasantry wanted to return to old ways/religion
    • Tactical errors, poor communication
homework
Homework
  • Read pp. 91-97 in Born in Blood and Fire
  • Bring book to class!
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