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Latin American Studies. December 1, 2010. Welcome Back!. Do Now: What´s the most fun thing you did over break? The best food? Objectives: Current Events Discuss the plan for the winter term Review the final exam Explore the events/scene in Latin America leading into the 1800s

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Latin american studies

Latin American Studies

December 1, 2010


Welcome back

Welcome Back!

Do Now: What´s the most fun thing you did over break? The best food?

Objectives:

CurrentEvents

Discuss the plan for the winter term

Review the final exam

Explore the events/scene in Latin America leading into the 1800s

Homework: Read pgs. 91-97 in Born in Blood and Fire


What are the wikileaks

What are the “wikileaks?”

  • “Wikileaks” is a websitefoundedby Julian Assange

  • Many US classifieddocumentshavebeenleakedonthiswebsiterecently—plans, cables, etc.


Recent headlines

Recentheadlines

  • Wikileaks reveal US concerns on Cuba-Venezuela ties

Hugo Chavez and Raul Castro are close allies


Now for another type of wiki

Nowforanothertype of wiki!

  • Updatedwikispace page—has all of theimportant dates forthisterm, unit plan, homework, etc.!


Final exam review

Final ExamReview


Things to work on moving forward

Thingstoworkonmoving forward:

  • Followingthedirections!

  • Essayconstruction

    • Introduction

    • Bodyparagraphortwo


Ruin 1 what was it

Ruin #1: What was it??


Ruin 2 what was it

Ruin #2: What was it??


Setting up for the 1800s

Setting up forthe 1800s…


Where were we

Wherewerewe?

  • Whatwas happening in the 1700s?

  • Whowerethefollowingpeople, and whyweretheyimportant?

    • TheBourbons

    • Tupac Amaru II

    • Touissant L’Ouverture


The bourbons

The Bourbons

  • Trying to completely change old political and economic structures in Spain

  • How did this effect the Americas?

    • Further centralization of colonial administration

    • Try to reduce smuggling and “reconquer” the colonies economically by improving exclusive economic ties


Major changes

Major changes

  • New viceroyalties

    • 1739: Viceroyalty of New Granada (Northern Andean region)

    • 1776: Viceroyalty of Rio de la

      Plata

  • Charles III

    • Trading monopoly of Cadiz

      gradually eliminated

    • 1778: Decree of free trade


Stimulus to economic activity

Stimulus to economic activity!

  • Most important impact of Bourbon reform

    • Growing European demand

    • Increase in population

  • Increase in agricultural production

  • Increased concentration of landownership

  • Revival of silver mining

  • Leads to…

    • Fortification of ports

    • Creation of colonial military


Downside

Downside…

  • Decline in colonial manufacturing (limited)

  • Early labor struggles in 1770s and 1780s

  • Resentments/class divide continues

    • Creoles vs. Peninsulars (native born vs. Spain born whites)

  • Multitude did not get benefits of Bourbon reforms


Major discontent

Major discontent

CAUSES:

  • Repartimiento de mercancias—forced buying of goods from local authority for high prices

  • Higher taxes, tightened collection of tribute


Tupac amaru ii

TupacAmaru II

  • Was originally Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui

    • Mestizo

    • Tried to help out legally first

  • Revolt 1780-1781

    • Purpose: to establish an independent Peruvian state

    • “Anticolonial, national revolution”

  • Issues:

    • Indian peasantry wanted to return to old ways/religion

    • Tactical errors, poor communication


Homework

Homework

  • Read pp. 91-97 in Born in Blood and Fire

  • Bring book to class!


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