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Future of Robotics Engineering. SHDHS Career Day February 25, 2010 Steve Bolin. Topics. What do engineers do? My engineering education and career Why are robots important? Types of robots Future growth areas Technologies used in robotics Technical disciplines needed in robotics

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Future of robotics engineering

Future of Robotics Engineering

SHDHS Career Day

February 25, 2010

Steve Bolin


Topics
Topics

  • What do engineers do?

  • My engineering education and career

  • Why are robots important?

  • Types of robots

  • Future growth areas

  • Technologies used in robotics

  • Technical disciplines needed in robotics

  • Skill requirements

  • Education and training

  • Schools

  • How to get experience while in high school


What do engineers do
What do engineers do?

  • Engineers design creative solutions to all sorts of problems

  • Engineers are people who use math, science, and technology to solve problems

  • Work with other people on a team to develop new products or systems

  • Make things work better

  • Learn new things and always improve

  • Planning and managing projects


Types of engineers
Types of Engineers

  • Mechanical

  • Electrical and Electronics

  • Chemical

  • Civil

  • Industrial

  • Biomechanical

  • Photonics

  • Computer software

  • Computer hardware

  • Nuclear

  • Agricultural

  • Aeronautical

  • Biomedical


What is it like being an engineer
What is it like being an engineer?

  • Education (typically four year bachelor’s degree)

  • Professional engineer license is becoming more important (required in certain fields)

  • Travel (varies)

  • Salary range:

    • Starting salaries (2009-ME,EE): $58,000 to $60,000/year

    • Leadership positions can make over $100,000


My engineering background
My Engineering Background

  • Education – Mechanical Engineering, Business

    • BSME – Manhattan College (machine design)

    • MSME – Ohio State University (robotics)

    • MBA – Xavier University

  • Career experience (Manufacturing and Robotics)

    • Mechanical Engineer

    • Project Manager



Why robotics
Why Robotics?

  • Areas that robots are used:

    • Industrial robots

    • Military, government and space robots

    • Service robots for home, healthcare, laboratory

  • Why are robots used?

    • Dangerous tasks or in hazardous environments

    • Repetitive tasks

    • High precision tasks or those requiring high quality

    • Labor savings

  • Control technologies:

    • Autonomous (self-controlled), tele-operated (remote control)


Industrial robots
Industrial Robots

  • Uses for robots in manufacturing:

    • Welding

    • Painting

    • Cutting

    • Dispensing

    • Assembly

    • Polishing/Finishing

    • Material Handling

      • Packaging, Palletizing

      • Machine loading


Industrial robots1
Industrial Robots

  • Uses for robots in Industry/Manufacturing

    • Automotive:

      • Video - Welding and handling of fuel tanks from TV show “How It’s Made” on Discovery Channel. This is a system I worked on in 2003.

    • Packaging:

      • Video - Robots in food manufacturing.

        (Videos are on the next two slides)




Military government robots
Military/Government Robots

  • iRobot PackBot

  • Remotec Andros


Military government robots1
Military/Government Robots

Soldiers in Afghanistan being trained how to defuse a landmine using a PackBot.


Military robots
Military Robots

  • Military suit

  • Aerial drones (UAV)


Space robots
Space Robots

  • Mars Rovers – Spirit and Opportunity

    • Autonomous navigation features with human remote control and oversight


Service robots
Service Robots

  • Many uses…

    • Cleaning & Housekeeping

    • Humanitarian Demining

    • Rehabilitation

    • Inspection

    • Agriculture & Harvesting

    • Lawn Mowers

    • Surveillance

    • Mining Applications

    • Construction

    • Automatic Refilling

    • Fire Fighters

    • Search & Rescue

iRobot Roomba vacuum cleaner robot


Medical healthcare applications
Medical/Healthcare Applications

  • Japanese health care assistant suit (HAL - Hybrid Assistive Limb)

DaVinci surgical robot by Intuitive Surgical.

St. Elizabeth Hospital is one of the local hospitals using this robot. You can see this robot in person during an open house (website).

Also… Mind-controlled wheelchair using NI LabVIEW


Laboratory applications
Laboratory Applications

Drug discovery

  • Test tube sorting


Technologies used in robotics
Technologies Used in Robotics

  • Drivetrain – servomotors, gear reducers

  • Hydraulics (oil), pneumatics (air)

  • Electrical controls – motor drives, computers

  • Lightweight materials – aluminum, carbon fiber, titanium

  • Sensors

    • Photoeyes

    • Encoders/position measurement sensors

    • Proximity switches

    • Laser scanners

    • Vision systems

    • Navigation systems/GPS


Disciplines used in robotics
Disciplines Used in Robotics

  • Robotics merges many technical disciplines:

    • Mechanical Engineering

    • Electrical Engineering

    • Computer Science

    • Bio-Medical Engineering

    • Ethics and Legal Issues

Mechatronics


Required skills
Required Skills

  • Math

    • Algebra, geometry, trigonometry, calculus

  • Science

    • Physics – forces, motion control

    • Chemistry – materials

  • Computer Science

    • Programming languages

    • Applications – Word, Excel, Access, etc.

  • Business, project management and leadership skills


Education and training
Education and Training

  • Associates degree for technician positions (2 year)

  • Bachelor of Science in engineering or computer science for most positions (4 year)

  • Masters or PhD for research or advanced development positions (Masters - 2 years, PhD – 4+ years)


Schools
Schools

  • UK - Center for Manufacturing

  • UC - Center for Robotics Research

  • Ohio State – ME, EE

  • Louisville – ME, EE

  • Carnegie Mellon – Robotics Institute

  • Virginia Tech – Robotics and Mechanisms Lab

  • MIT - Humanoid Robotics Group

  • Stanford - Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

  • Military – Navy, Air Force


How can you get experience while in high school
How can you get experience while in high school?

  • Learn to program in software platforms (C++, Java, …)

  • Microsoft Robotics Studio development package

  • Learn mechanical design/CAD with student versions of:

    • SolidWorks

    • PRO/Engineer

    • AutoCAD

  • Learn to build and program Lego Mindstorms or other robotic development platforms

  • Start a robotics club

  • Start a team and compete in a FIRST, BEST, National Robotics Challenge and other robotic competition


First robotics competitions
FIRST Robotics Competitions

  • FIRST Tech Challenge for high school students

Visit iSpace www.ispacescience.org and FIRST www.usfirst.org for more information.


Robotics and engineering sites
Robotics and Engineering Sites

  • ASME www.asme.org/

  • IEEE www.ieee.org, www.ieee-ras.org/

  • SME www.sme.org

  • Robotics Industry Association (RIA) www.robotics.org

  • FIRST www.usfirst.org

  • iSpace www.ispacescience.org

  • iRobot www.irobot.com/

  • National Instruments http://www.ni.com/robotics/

  • How Stuff Works science.howstuffworks.com/robot.htm


Questions
Questions…

Website: www.stevebolin.com, Email: [email protected]


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