Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 63

Implicit Bias and Cultivating Cross-Cultural Competence in Legal Practice PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 102 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Implicit Bias and Cultivating Cross-Cultural Competence in Legal Practice. Sameera Hafiz and Lillian M. Moy, N-LAAN Language Access Pre-Conference, Denver 2009. Cultural Competence. Awareness of the Role Culture Plays Knowledge about Cultural Concepts specific and general

Download Presentation

Implicit Bias and Cultivating Cross-Cultural Competence in Legal Practice

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Implicit Bias and Cultivating Cross-Cultural Competence in Legal Practice

Sameera Hafiz and Lillian M. Moy,

N-LAAN Language Access

Pre-Conference, Denver 2009


Cultural competence

Cultural Competence

  • Awareness of the Role Culture Plays

  • Knowledge about Cultural Concepts specific and general

  • Motivation & Commitment

  • Skills

    • Analytical to see & problem solve issues

    • Communication to bridge differences

    • Reflection to learn from the experience


Our agenda

Our Agenda

  • Define Cultural Competence

  • Check out the Stroop Test

  • Introduce the concept of Implicit Bias--

  • Expose you to 10 Commandments of Cultural Competency

  • Apply the cultural lens to your program’s practice


Cultural competence1

Cultural Competence

  • a commitment to antidiscrimination - professional and moral duty.

  • Access to Justice

  • Individual Justice

  • Community Justice


Implicit bias our subconscious affecting our thoughts

Implicit Bias: Our Subconscious Affecting Our Thoughts

REDBLUEGREEN


The stroop test

The Stroop Test

  • Directions: As the colored words flash on the screen, yell out the color that the word is printed in as quickly as you can.

  • Do not read the word, pronounce the color.

  • For Example: “GREEN” = Red “Blue” = Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

RED


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Red


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Red


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Red


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Red


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Let s try one more

Let’s Try one More

  • Same directions. Do not read the word. Just say the color the word is printed.

  • Remember, go as fast as you can.


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Green


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

RED


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Brown


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

White


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

  • Which one was easier?

  • Thoughts on why?


Project implicit

Project Implicit


Project implicit1

Project Implicit

Let’s try the Project Implicit evaluation on Race:

https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/Study?tid=2

Race ('Black - White' IAT). This Implicit Association Test (IAT)requires the ability to distinguish faces of European and African origin. It indicates that most Americans have an automatic preference for white over black.


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

European American

African American


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

African American

European American


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

BAD

GOOD

Laughter


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

Good

Bad

Agony


Implicit bias and cultivating cross cultural competence in legal practice

African American

Or

Bad

European American

Or

Good

Laughter


So what did the implicit project show

So What Did the Implicit Project show?

  • After evaluating 732,881 IAT scores for the race task completed between July 2000 and May 2006…

    Can anyone guess the outcome?

    (Which group was favored and by what % of the participants?)


Project implicit2

Project Implicit

  • Race AIT Study Results:


Ten commandments of cultural competence

Ten Commandments of Cultural Competence

The Guiding Principles of Client Service

By Lillian Moy

The Legal Aid Society of Northeastern New York


Thank you sue bryant

THANK YOU SUE BRYANT!

  • The Ten Commandments are taken from

    “The Five Habits: Building Cross-Cultural Competence in Lawyers”

    By Professor Susan Bryant of CUNY Law School

    8 Clinical L.Rev. 1 (2001).


I know thyself as a cultural being

IKnow Thyself … as a Cultural Being

  • Cultural Identities

  • Subject to change and contradictions

  • Culture is like the air we breathe

  • Similarities and differences


Ii listen listen listen

IIListen, Listen, Listen

  • Deeply

  • Focus on content, not style

  • On words and non-words

  • Non-verbal behavior


Iii learn what you don t know

IIILearn What You Don’t Know

  • Training and information on general concepts and specific culture


Iv but never ever stereotype

IVBut Never, Ever Stereotype

  • No single characteristic fully defines you or your client’s culture

  • Make gentle use of knowledge

  • Focus on gathering facts


V stop look and reflect

VStop, Look and Reflect

  • Develop capacity to debrief and reflect


Vi avoid judgments

VIAvoid Judgments

  • Parallel universes

  • Imagine multiple possible meanings


Vii r e s p e c t

VIIR-E-S-P-E-C-T

  • Avoid stereotype

  • Client’s values, not ours


Viii talk about it

VIIITalk About It!

  • We have to be willing to talk about issues of difference and issues of similarity

  • Strategize about it


Ix stay awake

IXStay Awake

  • Pitfalls, red flags and remedies


X honor thyself as a human being

XHonor Thyself … As a Human Being

  • Decrease stress so that bias and stereotype are less likely to govern.


Critical incident

Critical Incident

  • Used in Cross-cultural training

  • Designed to illustrate cultural differences/similarities

  • Parallel Universes

  • Scenarios from real cases to illustrate cultural points


Problem solving using culture as framework

Problem Solving: Using Culture as Framework

  • Identify a problem:

    • Outcomes

    • People served

    • People we find “difficult”

  • Apply a culture lens

    • If culture plays a role in problem or solution?

    • How do we explore/solve

    • Resources


Should you modify your approach if the case involves issues of culture

Should you modify your approach if the case involves issues of culture?

Do you put your client on the stand?

Do you ask for an interpreter? Always?

How does immigrant status play w/juries in your area? Postive? Negative?

Does the behavior have a cultural context?


Lawyering skills in cross cultural cases

Lawyering skills in cross-cultural cases

  • “I do think the courtroom door should be open to the consideration of culture. That doesn’t mean I think the argument should always prevail,”

  • Cultural differences deserve to be considered in litigation because enculturation shapes individuals’ perceptions and influences their actions,” Alison Dundees Reiten, USC Professor of Anthropology


Resources

Resources

  • http://www.probono.net/nlaan

  • California Bar Journal Article, Feb 2009, Cultural Differences, New Defense Tactic? By Diane Curtis

  • http://tinyurl.com/cupcvu

  • ABA Standards, Standard 2.4 http://www.abanet.org/legalservices/sclaid/downloads/civillegalaidstds2006.pdf

  • Meaningful Web Access for LEP Clients, examples from the Web, NLADA Cornerstone, Vol. 30 No. 3, page 12


  • Login