Some facts about urban india
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Some facts about Urban India. Present Urban Settings. Distribution of urban center by civic status . Source: Census 2001. Majority urban population resides in fewer towns. 62% of Urban Population in India resides in only 8% urban center s(Class I Towns – including 35 million plus cities) ;

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Some facts about Urban India

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Some facts about Urban India


Present Urban Settings


Distribution of urban center by civic status

Source: Census 2001


Majority urban population resides in fewer towns

  • 62% of Urban Population in India resides in only 8% urban center s(Class I Towns – including 35 million plus cities) ;

  • 35% of urban population dwell in 66% Urban centre (Class II, III & IV towns);

  • Only 3% of Population have home in 1079 urban towns (Class V & VI towns)

Source: Census 2001


Urban India to witness significant population growth in ensuing years

  • 67% of total population growth in India in next 25 years is expected to take place in urban areas

Source: Population Projections for India, 2001-26, Registrar General of India, 2006;

AEGR: Annual Exponential Growth Rate


Larger economies, higher urbanization

  • Better urban managed states: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala have lower slum dweller

  • Poorly urban managed states: Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh have larger no. of slum inhabitant

Source: RBI Handbook of Indian Economy & Census 2001; NSDP: Net State Domestic Product


Mega cities will continue to grow . . .

  • Western Region will have four mega cities, correspondingly, North and South will have three each;

  • Kolkata will remain the only Mega city in East

  • Small cities will witness a higher growth

Source: Census of India, 2001 and World Cities, UN-Habitat, 2008-09

UA: Urban Agglomeration; CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate


Sanitation follows Water in Urban India

  • Observations from NSS 54th round report:

  • 70% of urban households have Tap as main source of Drinking water

  • 59% “shares” water sources;

  • 26% urban households have no access to latrines;

Source: NSSO report (2002)


Urban Governance


74th Constitution Amendment Act – a milestone

An important direction towards strengthening urban governance in India was the enactment of 74th Constitution Amendment Act (CAA) in 1992:

  • The Act, seeks devolution of powers & responsibilities to local bodies 

  • It gives the ability to raise funds, to control revenues and to deliver projects, to municipalities

  • The Twelfth Schedule of the 74th CAA (listed in the next slide) assigns various functional responsibilities to municipalities


12th schedule of Indian Constitution

  • Urban planning including town planning

  • Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings

  • Planning for economic and social development

  • Roads and bridges

  • Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes

  • Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management

  • Fire services

  • Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects

  • Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded

  • Slum improvement and upgradation

  • Urban poverty alleviation

  • Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds

  • Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects

  • Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds and electric crematoriums

  • Cattle pounds; prevention of cruelty to animals

  • Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths

  • Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences

  • Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries.


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