Some facts about urban india
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Some facts about Urban India. Present Urban Settings. Distribution of urban center by civic status . Source: Census 2001. Majority urban population resides in fewer towns. 62% of Urban Population in India resides in only 8% urban center s(Class I Towns – including 35 million plus cities) ;

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Majority urban population resides in fewer towns
Majority urban population resides in fewer towns

  • 62% of Urban Population in India resides in only 8% urban center s(Class I Towns – including 35 million plus cities) ;

  • 35% of urban population dwell in 66% Urban centre (Class II, III & IV towns);

  • Only 3% of Population have home in 1079 urban towns (Class V & VI towns)

Source: Census 2001

Urban india to witness significant population growth in ensuing years
Urban India to witness significant population growth in ensuing years

  • 67% of total population growth in India in next 25 years is expected to take place in urban areas

Source: Population Projections for India, 2001-26, Registrar General of India, 2006;

AEGR: Annual Exponential Growth Rate

Larger economies higher urbanization
Larger economies, higher urbanization ensuing years

  • Better urban managed states: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala have lower slum dweller

  • Poorly urban managed states: Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh have larger no. of slum inhabitant

Source: RBI Handbook of Indian Economy & Census 2001; NSDP: Net State Domestic Product

Mega cities will continue to grow
Mega cities will continue to grow . . . ensuing years

  • Western Region will have four mega cities, correspondingly, North and South will have three each;

  • Kolkata will remain the only Mega city in East

  • Small cities will witness a higher growth

Source: Census of India, 2001 and World Cities, UN-Habitat, 2008-09

UA: Urban Agglomeration; CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Sanitation follows water in urban india
Sanitation follows Water in Urban India ensuing years

  • Observations from NSS 54th round report:

  • 70% of urban households have Tap as main source of Drinking water

  • 59% “shares” water sources;

  • 26% urban households have no access to latrines;

Source: NSSO report (2002)

Urban governance

Urban Governance ensuing years

74 th constitution amendment act a milestone
74 ensuing yearsth Constitution Amendment Act – a milestone

An important direction towards strengthening urban governance in India was the enactment of 74th Constitution Amendment Act (CAA) in 1992:

  • The Act, seeks devolution of powers & responsibilities to local bodies 

  • It gives the ability to raise funds, to control revenues and to deliver projects, to municipalities

  • The Twelfth Schedule of the 74th CAA (listed in the next slide) assigns various functional responsibilities to municipalities

12 th schedule of indian constitution
12 ensuing yearsth schedule of Indian Constitution

  • Urban planning including town planning

  • Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings

  • Planning for economic and social development

  • Roads and bridges

  • Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes

  • Public health, sanitation conservancy and solid waste management

  • Fire services

  • Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects

  • Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded

  • Slum improvement and upgradation

  • Urban poverty alleviation

  • Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds

  • Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects

  • Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds and electric crematoriums

  • Cattle pounds; prevention of cruelty to animals

  • Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths

  • Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences

  • Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries.