Curriculum reform movement of the 1950 s and 60 s
Download
1 / 14

Curriculum Reform Movement of the 1950’s and 60’s - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 115 Views
  • Uploaded on

Curriculum Reform Movement of the 1950’s and 60’s. Chapter 8: History of Ideas in Science Education Amanda Johnson & Mandi Brooks. How did we get here?. America had an unmet need for scientists and engineers in WWII Soviet launch of Sputnik in October 1957

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Curriculum Reform Movement of the 1950’s and 60’s' - calista-riley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Curriculum reform movement of the 1950 s and 60 s

Curriculum Reform Movement of the 1950’s and 60’s

Chapter 8: History of Ideas in Science Education

Amanda Johnson & Mandi Brooks


How did we get here?

  • America had an unmet need for scientists and engineers in WWII

  • Soviet launch of Sputnik in October 1957

  • Perceived threat to national security brought on by the Cold War


  • Shift in education from social relevance to traditional rigor

  • During the mid 1950’s, the NSF (funded by the federal government) financially supported several curriculum projects

  • Provide a set of curriculum materials of high quality and considerable appeal

  • Prepare students for entering into college science programs


Projects funded by the nsf
Projects funded by the NSF…

  • PHYSICS: Physical Science Study Committee- 1956

  • BIOLOGY: Biological Sciences Curriculum Study- 1959

  • CHEMISTRY: Chemical Bond Approach Project- 1957

    Chemical Education Material Study- 1959

  • EARTH SCIENCE: Secondary School Project- 1966

    Earth Science Curriculum Project- 1967

  • PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Introductory Physical Science- 1967

  • ELEMENTARY SCIENCE: Science- A Process Approach- 1967

    Study Elementary Science Study – 1969

    Science Curriculum Improvement- 1970


Commonalities of the programs
Commonalities of the Programs

  • Present a coherent set of related concepts with broad unifying themes

  • Reduction of the number of topic covered in favor for more current and in-depth study

  • Included historical dev’t of the subject

  • Excluded technological applications, relation to everyday life



Jerome bruner
Jerome Bruner the help of school teachers

  • Noted psychologist from Harvard

  • The Woods Hole Conference (1959)

  • Supported new structure and inductive learning strategies

  • Felt there should be more intuitive or creative thought processes

  • Introduced Piaget’s work- translated into the concept of a “spiral curriculum”


Joseph j schwab
Joseph J Schwab the help of school teachers

  • Curriculum theorist from University of Chicago; was part of BSCS in 1959

  • Felt the nation faced three important needs:

    • additional scientists

    • competent political leaders

    • a public sympathetic to ongoing programs of scientific research


  • Schwab’s new conceptions of science: the help of school teachers

    • Scientists no longer viewed knowledge as stable truth

    • Fluid enquiry as a means to invention

    • New vital importance of science for discoveries, principles, and applications

  • Stressed the processes by which scientists generated the knowledge


How successful were the new programs
How successful were the new programs? the help of school teachers

  • A number of studies investigated the effectiveness of the new programs…

    -NSF’s “National Survey”(1977) –

    -Suzanne Quick (1978) - effects on commercial textbooks

    -CHEM Study Group (1964)- evaluate any changes in enrollment into science classes


New directions for teaching secondary school science
“New Directions for Teaching Secondary School Science” the help of school teachers

  • Written by Paul Hurd in 1970

  • Identified specific pros and cons in his overall analyses of the projects


Pros: the help of school teachers

  • More up to date and valid information

  • Engaged students in independent, “discovery”- type investigations

  • Presented a more accurate picture of the nature of science

  • Dealt with smaller number of significant concepts taught in depth and in context


Cons: the help of school teachers

  • Too difficult for avg high school students

  • Didn’t seem to motivate students to study science- not related to real world, personal concerns, practical applications

  • Ignored the role of science in everyday life


  • The national scope of the projects… the help of school teachers

  • Funding by the federal government …

  • Widespread use of the courses…

    …made this effort unmatched in the history of American education.

    Sound familiar???


ad