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Unmanned Aircraft Systems - UAS Enabling America’s Next Generation of Aviation Vehicles. 30 th Annual FAA Aviation Forecast Conference Washington, DC March 18, 2005. “The trouble with the future is that it usually arrives before we’re ready for it.”. Arnold H. Glasow. 2.

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Unmanned Aircraft Systems - UAS

Enabling America’s Next Generation of Aviation Vehicles

30th Annual FAA Aviation Forecast Conference

Washington, DC

March 18, 2005


The trouble with the future is that it usually arrives before we re ready for it

“The trouble with the future is that it usually arrives before we’re ready for it.”

Arnold H. Glasow

2


Creating the future
Creating the Future before we’re ready for it.”

When asked, “To what point do you think airplanes will be developed?”

“There is no way of telling. Things are moving too fast. No one can predict where it will end.”

Orville Wright, January 1938 – Celebration in his honor on the 34th anniversary of the first flight.

UAS’s are Experiencing Similar

Growth as Early Aviation


Two uas perspectives
Two UAS Perspectives before we’re ready for it.”

Viewed as a Disruptive Technology

-or-

A Positive Step in the Evolution of Aeronautics

  • Radar

  • Jet propulsion

  • GPS

  • ?Unmanned flight?


A glimpse of the future a part of the aviation revolution unlimited applications
A Glimpse of the Future before we’re ready for it.” A Part of the Aviation RevolutionUnlimited Applications

  • Military/Security

    • Defense

  • Civil

    • Defense

    • Natural Disasters

    • Humanitarian Relief

  • Science

    • Environment

    • Weather & Storm Tracking

  • Commercial

    • Wireless Communications

    • Precision Agriculture

    • Cargo Transport

Dull, Dirty, Dangerous Missions


Unmanned aircraft system
Unmanned Aircraft System before we’re ready for it.”

A System – Not limited to an Aircraft

Pilot


A global challenge uas access to civil airspace
A Global Challenge: before we’re ready for it.”UAS Access to Civil Airspace

  • Managing Expectations

    • Domestic

    • International

  • Creating an Environment of Trust

  • Making Positive Progress

  • Making Communications and Collaborations Effective

  • Outreach to Stakeholders


Potential Joint Civil/DoD/DHS UAS before we’re ready for it.”

Operating Environment


Special use airspace flight tracks
Special Use Airspace & Flight Tracks before we’re ready for it.”


Uas assumptions
UAS Assumptions before we’re ready for it.”

  • UAVs will need access to the NAS comparable to manned aircraft.

  • DoD and DHS) will be first major UAS operators in the NAS.

  • FAA must be alert to new challenges posed by small UAVs operating in increasing numbers at very low altitudes.

  • FAA should lead discussions with foreign airspace authorities to ensure global airspace harmonization and interoperability.

Source UNTF Report 10-22-04


UAV Altitude/Classification before we’re ready for it.”

U-2

HAE

70K

Global Hawk

60K

Heron 2

Predator B

50K

Altitude

40K

30K

Medium

Heron 1

Predator A

20K

Eagle Eye, Fire scout, Hunter, Pioneer

10K

10

20

Tactical

30

Endurance (hours)


Significant increases in uav operations in the national airspace system are inevitable
Significant Increases in UAV Operations in before we’re ready for it.”the National Airspace System are Inevitable

  • Routine access into US civil managed airspace is necessary to fulfill operational and economic potential

  • Significant increase in domestic UAS flight operations are feasible and expected

  • UASs support societal needs, including security, defense and civil applications

  • Technological advances will produce less expensive UASs

  • Increasing public awareness and acceptance of UASs

Source UNTF Report 10-22-04


Uas operations in the nas
UAS Operations in the NAS before we’re ready for it.”

  • High Altitude UAS’s will have Minimal Impact on Manned Aircraft Operations.

  • Medium Altitude UAS’s Will Share the Same Airspace as Most Manned Civil Transports and Military Aircraft.

  • Low Altitude UAS’s Will Share Airspace with Smaller Manned Aircraft, Including Helicopters.

  • Large Numbers of Very Low Altitude UAS’s

Source UNTF Report 10-22-04


United states uas manufactures in 2002
United States UAS Manufactures in 2002 before we’re ready for it.”


Federal aviation act of 1958
Federal Aviation Act of 1958 before we’re ready for it.”

  • Directs FAA as the “single manager” of the National Airspace System (NAS) to develop and operate a common system of air traffic control and navigation for both civil and military aircraft.

  • Control the use of navigable airspace of the US and regulate both civil and military operations in such airspace in the interest of the safety and efficiency of both.


Access 5 partnership
Access 5 Partnership before we’re ready for it.”

AeroVironment

Aurora Flight Sciences

Boeing

General Atomics

Northrop Grumman

Lockheed Martin

www.access5.org

www.unitealliance.com


Fundamental issues
Fundamental Issues before we’re ready for it.”

  • Programmatic

    • Aircraft Airworthiness

    • Civil Certification

      • Aircraft

      • Operators

      • Air Traffic Management (ATM)

    • Standards

  • Regulatory

  • Preservation of the Safety and Sanctity of the NAS

    • FAA Acceptance

    • ICAO Acceptance

  • Political – How to Manage the Transition

    • U.S.

    • International


Funded plan focus on steps 1 and 2
Funded Plan before we’re ready for it.”Focus on Steps 1 and 2

Standard

Certificate

of

Airworthiness

Certification

Special

Airworthiness

Certification

Current Funded Effort

STEP

4

Establish Type

Certification Basis

STEP

3

Experimental

Certification

Routine Operations Above FL 180 Through C, D, E Airspace

Emergency to ROA

Airport

STEP

2

Routine Operations Above FL 180 Through C, D, E Airspace

STEP

1

Routine Operations Above FL 180 Through Restricted Airspace

Operations

Routine Operations Above FL 400 Through Restricted Airspace

Achieve Routine Access in the NAS for HALE ROA


Overview of activities in fy04
Overview of Activities in FY04 before we’re ready for it.”

  • Secured major funding commitment for Steps 1 and 2

    • $101 million by NASA; $36 million by industry

  • Fostered critical relationships for Project engagement

    • Established vital relationships with government and current NAS users (e.g., FAA, DoD, DHS, JPDO, ALPA, AOPA, ATCA,NATCA)

    • UNITE Companies & NASA Sign Joint Sponsored Research Agreement - JSRA

    • Participate on RTCA Special Committee 203/

    • UAS Standards


Rtca special committee 203
RTCA Special Committee 203 before we’re ready for it.”

"RTCA has established Special Committee 203 (SC-203) at the request of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association and the Federal Aviation Administration. The committee will initially focus on developing recommendations that will assure the safe operation of UAVs within the National Airspace System.”

  • Requested by AOPA

  • Supported by the FAA

  • Industry/Government Participation

    • Manufacturers, operators, agencies


Rtca sc 203 terms of reference
RTCA SC 203 Terms of Reference before we’re ready for it.”

  • The initial Terms of Reference (TOR) for SC-203 call for three initial products to be generated, as follows:

    • Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards (MASPS) for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)

      • Due date -- December 2005.

    • MASPS for Command, Control and Communication (C3) Systems for Unmanned Aircraft Systems

      • Due date -- June 2006.

    • MASPS for Sense and Avoid (SA) Systems for Unmanned Aircraft Systems

      • Due date -- December 2007.


Rtca special committee 203 goals and objectives
RTCA Special Committee 203 before we’re ready for it.”Goals and Objectives

  • Support Industry’s and Government’s desire to operate Unmanned Aircraft (UA) in the National Airspace System (NAS)

  • Ensure Standards are developed that are useable in certifying UA systems, while maintaining safety and efficiency of the NAS.

  • Ensure International continuity.


Summary
SUMMARY before we’re ready for it.”

  • We have embarked on a historical project that will define the safe integration of UAS’s into the NAS

  • We represent the rounded mix of necessary experts from industry, government and all segments of aviation that has been assembled to plan for this challenging task.

  • This is a Global challenge

We are the pioneers,

it is up to us


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