Evaluation of private property i i sources for sanitary sewer evaluation study
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Evaluation of Private Property I/I Sources for Sanitary Sewer Evaluation Study. City of Grand Rapids – E. Leonard Heights Area Presenter: Jay Zawacki, CDM Michigan Inc. MI AWWA / MWEA Annual Conference August 13, 2010. Overview. Project Background SSES Objectives

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Evaluation of Private Property I/I Sources for Sanitary Sewer Evaluation Study

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Evaluation of private property i i sources for sanitary sewer evaluation study

Evaluation of Private Property I/I Sources for Sanitary Sewer Evaluation Study

City of Grand Rapids – E. Leonard Heights Area

Presenter: Jay Zawacki, CDM Michigan Inc.

MI AWWA / MWEA Annual Conference

August 13, 2010


Overview

Overview

  • Project Background

  • SSES Objectives

  • Private Property Evaluation Strategies

  • Private Property I/I Findings

  • SSES Alternatives Considered and Selected


E leonard heights study area

E. Leonard Heights Study Area

Sweet St.

Ball Ave.

Spencer St.

E. Leonard St.

Mayfield Ave.

Lewison Ave.

Carlton Ave.


Project background

Project Background

  • History of chronic basement backups in the study area

  • Grand Rapids recognized and began program to address these issues:

    • Inspections of homes

    • Voluntary installation of check valves and sump pumps

  • Comprehensive “system-wide” evaluation being performed


Recent concerns

Recent Concerns


Project objectives

Project Objectives

  • Engage the public

    • Public meetings

    • Citizen committee

  • Quantify the sources of Inflow/Infiltration (I/I)

    • Homeowner survey and inspections

    • Sewer flow and sump pump monitoring

    • Inspect the sewers and manholes

  • Analyze the problem and develop alternatives

  • Select the best solution


Where does the rain go

Surface Runoff into storm drains and streams

70%

30%

Soaks Into Soil

Other

Sources

5% wastewater

95% stormwater

I/I

Stream baseflows,

grass & trees

Footing Drains

Where Does the Rain Go?

Storm Drain

Sanitary

Sewer


Why are footing drains important

Why Are Footing Drains Important?


Private property survey and inspection

Private Property Survey and Inspection

  • Exterior Survey:

    • Evaluated site drainage

    • Identified downspout discharge locations

    • Determined basement type/depth

  • Interior Survey:

    • Backup history

    • Presence of footing drains & sump pump


Private property survey and inspection1

Private Property Survey and Inspection


Private property survey and inspection2

Private Property Survey and Inspection


Private property survey and inspection3

Private Property Survey and Inspection


Private property survey findings

Private Property Survey Findings

  • Footing Drains:

    • 516 properties have connected FDs

    • 66properties not connected (sump pumps)

    • Apartments = 21 equivalent FDs

  • Drainage:

    • Gutters and downspouts = 80%

    • Surface drainage = Mostly to street


Private property survey findings1

Private Property Survey Findings


Private property survey findings2

Private Property Survey Findings


Sewer and manhole survey

Sewer and Manhole Survey

  • Evaluated I/I conditions at each sewer manhole

  • Reviewed I/I conditions of sewer pipes using video inspection and PACP coding

  • Determined material and condition of selected house lateral connections


Sewer and manhole survey findings

Sewer and Manhole Survey Findings

  • Sewers in good shape

  • Some structural and maintenance issues found, provided to city for correction

  • Some evidence of limited infiltration at pipe joints

  • House lead inspections identified no substantial I/I sources

  • Street flooding can cause significant flow into manhole covers


Flow rain and sump monitoring

Flow, Rain and Sump Monitoring

  • Monitor sewer flows (4-months)

    • Wastewater levels and flows during storms

    • Establish sewer capacity

  • Measure rainfall in area

  • Monitor sump pump flows

    • 15 homes monitored

    • Understand local peak flows


Flow rain and sump monitoring1

Flow, Rain and Sump Monitoring


Flow rain and sump monitoring2

Flow, Rain and Sump Monitoring


Flow rain and sump monitoring3

Flow, Rain and Sump Monitoring


Flow rain and sump monitoring4

Flow, Rain and Sump Monitoring


Monitoring findings

Monitoring Findings

  • Sanitary sewer system capacity not sufficient for flows generated during large storms

  • Footing drain connections on private property are major source of I/I (flow into sewer during rain storms)


Use of monitoring data in model development and calibration

Use of Monitoring Data in Model Development and Calibration


Alternative solutions

Alternative Solutions

  • Solution 1 – Relief Sewers

    • Internal relief sewer to west of Spencer Street

    • Downstream relief (if needed) to Plainfield Avenue

  • Solution 2 – Local Relief and Storage

    • Internal relief to underground storage facility

    • Storage located west of Spencer Street

  • Solution 3 – Footing Drain Disconnection (FDD)

    • Sufficient FDD to eliminate surcharging


Solution 1 sewer upsizing relief

Solution 1 – Sewer Upsizing (Relief)

  • Relief provided to eliminate surcharging

  • Relief requirements:

    • ELH area: 10 relief sewer segments

    • Downstream: 31 relief sewer segments

    • WWTP storage


Solution 2 sewer upsizing and local storage

Solution 2 – Sewer Upsizing and Local Storage

  • Relief sanitary sewers provided to eliminate surcharging

  • Local storage provided west of Spencer Street

  • System requirements:

    • Build 10 relief sewer segments in ELH

    • Store 500,000gallons at the school


Solution 3 footing drain disconnection

Solution 3 – Footing Drain Disconnection

  • Remove footing drain flows from homes to eliminate surcharging

  • Sump pumps used to route footing drain flowto the storm drains

  • Surcharging eliminatedby disconnecting at least 60% of the connected homes


Alternative cost comparison

Alternative Cost Comparison


Selection matrix used to quantify preferences of citizens and city staff

Selection Matrix used to Quantify Preferences of Citizens and City Staff

  • Quality of Life

    • Level of protection for private property

    • Reliability under large storms

    • Sustainability of solution

  • Costs (Construction, O&M, homeowner costs)

  • Construction

    • Time until solution is effective

    • Impacts on streets and public areas

    • Need to work on private property


Recommended solution fdd

Recommended Solution – FDD

  • Perform minimum of 310 FDDs in E. Leonard Heights neighborhood

  • Consider backup sump pump in each home

  • Include backup check valve for homes previously flooded or at risk for flooding

  • Provide manhole liners for street flooding areas

  • All sump pumps will discharge to storm system to eliminate freezing problems in winter

  • Program is mandatory


Benefits fdd

Benefits – FDD

  • Addresses root cause of excessive I/I (Green solution)

  • Can be implemented more quickly than other options

  • Lower costs for treatment and no additional storage required at WWTP

  • Least impact on rate payers

  • Brings older homes into compliance with existing plumbing codes


Concerns fdd

Concerns – FDD

  • Water in basement during power outage:

    • Evaluating legal implications of providing backup sump pumps for all FDD homes

  • Sump pump replacement cost:

    • Pumps typically last 5-10 years before replacement needed

  • Increased street flooding:

    • Flows from sump pumps could increase street flooding levels by an average of 1/8”

    • Could upgrade upstream stormwater storage to address additional sump pump flow


Questions

Questions?

Jay Zawacki – CDM Michigan Inc.

[email protected]

(734) 205-2701


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