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The Geography & Peoples of Europe. Adapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley High School Chappaqua, NY. Europe’s Latitude v. U.S. Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States. Satellite View of Europe. 3,800 square miles. R E G I O N S.

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The Geography & Peoples of Europe

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The Geography

& Peoples

of Europe

Adapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer

Horace Greeley High School

Chappaqua, NY


Europe’s Latitude v. U.S.


Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States


Satellite View of Europe


3,800 square miles


REGIONS


Continents by Size (sq. km.)


Topography


Europe: APeninsula of Peninsulas?

OR

A Peninsula of Asia?


Europe:An Asian Peninsula?


Northern Peninsulas

Scandinavian Peninsula

Jutland Peninsula


Southern Peninsulas

CrimeanPeninsula

Iberian Peninsula

Italian Peninsula

Balkan Peninsula


Peninsulas

Scandinavian Pen.

JutlandPen.

Crimean Pen.

Italian Pen.

Balkan Pen.

Iberian Pen.


Bodies

of

Water

ArcticOcean

AtlanticOcean

North Sea

Baltic Sea

English Channel

CaspianSea

Bay ofBiscay

BlackSea

DardanellesStrait

Adriatic Sea

AegeanSea

TyrrhenianSea

Strait ofGibraltar

Mediterranean Sea


The Mediterranean Sea

Strait of Gibraltar & the“Pillars of Hercules”

2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide

“Crossroads of 3 Continents”


Rivers

Volga R.

Don R.

Thames R.

Elbe R.

Vistula R.

Oder R.

Rhine R.

Dnieper R.

Seine R.

Loire R.

Danube R.

Po R.

Tagus R.

Tiber R.

Ebro R.


The Danube River

1770 miles


The Danube River

Where Buda & Pest Meet

Biking along the Danube

Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.


The Volga River

It’s the longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.


The Volga River

The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.


Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers?


Capitals on the Rivers

Paris, right bank of the Seine

London on the Thames

Prague on the Vltava

Budapest on the Danube


Capitals on the Rivers

Moscow on the Moscow River

Berlin on the Spree

Rome on the Tiber

Vienna on the Danube


What’stheanswer??


Answer:

They are Europe’s lifeline!


Moutains&Peaks

Ural Mts.

Carpathian Mts.

Caucasus Mts.

Alps Mts.

Pyrennes Mts.

Dinaric Alps

Apennines Mts.

Mt. Vesuvius ^

Mt. Olympus ^

Mt. Etna ^


Elevation

Urals

Caucasus

Pyrennes

Carpathians

Alps

Apennines


The Alps

The Alps cover most of Switzerland, Austria, andparts of Italy and France.


Mt. Blanc in the Alps

It’s the highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet.


The Caucasus Mountains

The origin of the word Caucasian.


Transylvaniain the Carpathian Mountains

Home of VladTepeš, theDrakul(“Count Dracula”)


Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide”

1500 miles

It divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.


The Ural Mountains


Siberian Lowlands

Plains

Northern European Plain

Steppes


The BENELUX Countries

  • Belgium

  • Netherlands

  • Luxembourg


Holland’s Dikes


Amsterdam’s Canals


Plateaus

Meseta


ArcticOcean

Completed

Map

Siberian Lowlands

Ural Mts.

Scandinavian Pen.

AtlanticOcean

Jutland Pen.

Volga R.

North Sea

Baltic Sea

Don R.

Northern European Plain

Thames R.

Elbe R.

Vistula R.

English Channel

Oder R.

Rhine R.

Steppes

Dnieper R.

Seine R.

Carpathian Mts.

CaspianSea

Loire R.

Caucasus Mts.

Bay ofBiscay

Alps Mts.

Crimean Pen.

Danube R.

Po R.

Pyrennes Mts.

Italian Pen.

Dinaric Alps

Balkan Pen.

BlackSea

Tagus R.

DardanellesStrait

Apennines Mts.

Tiber R.

Iberian Pen.

Adriatic Sea

Mt. Vesuvius ^

Ebro R.

Anatolean Pen.

Mt. Olympus ^

AegeanSea

TyrrhenianSea

Strait ofGibraltar

Mt. Etna ^

Peloponnesian Pen.


10,000 BCE – Ice Age


Norwegian Fjords

Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age.


Earthquake Zones


Reykjavik, Iceland:“The Youngest Oldest Country”

  • Volcanoes

  • Hot Springs

  • Geysers


Mediterranean Islands

The are generally rugged & mountainous.

The Mediterranean Sea is so pollutedthat it will take 1000 years to clean up.

Sardinia

Cyprus

Malta


Mt. Etna, Sicily

an active volcano


Mt. Vesuvius, Italy

Pompeii, 79 CE

Herculaneum, 79 CE

1944 eruption


Eastern

Europe


Eastern Europe


Russia’s 10Time Zones


Siberia --> Permafrost

The average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°C and in July from 1 to 25°C.

150,000,000 population.

aformer “gulag” Soviet prison camp


Lake Baikal, Siberia

It’s the oldest and deepest lake in the world.

20% of the world’s total unfrozen water supply


Trans-Siberian Railroad

It was completed in 1905.


Trans-Siberian Railroad

The main line runs 5,785 miles.


Climate


Europe’s Latitude v. US


Climate


Average Annual Precipitation


Vegetation


Europe’s Natural Regions


The North European Plain


The Northern European Plain --> An Invasion Route into Asia (& Vice Versa?)


Steppes: “Soviet” Breadbasket


The Steppes

25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply


Germany’s Black Forest


Germany’s Black Forest


Tundra: The Not-So-Barren LandBelow the Arctic Circle


Land

Use


Agricultural Activity


Natural Resources


RESOURCES


MajorIndustrialResources


Oil Export Routes in the Caucasus Area


Geographic

Problems


MajorEnvironmentalDisasters& PollutionProblems


Acid Rain


Demographics


World Population by Continents


MajorReligiousGroupsinEurope


Population Density[People Per Square Mile]


PopulationDistribution


PopulationGrowth


Members of the Indo-European Language Family


Arrivederci!

Good Bye!

Au Revoir!

Adios!

Auf Wiedersehen!

Cairete!

Do Svidaniya!


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