session 1 2 wfp conceptual framework food and nutrition security
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Session 1.2. WFP Conceptual Framework: Food and Nutrition Security

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Session 1.2. WFP Conceptual Framework: Food and Nutrition Security. Learning objectives. After this session, participants should be able to : Describe key concepts of WFP Conceptual Framework of Food and Nutrition Security

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learning objectives
Learning objectives

After this session, participants should be able to :

  • Describe key concepts of WFP Conceptual Framework of Food and Nutrition Security
  • Adapt and apply the Conceptual Framework to identify key factors that affect food security and nutrition in a given context
conceptual framework
Conceptual Framework
  • Informs selection of indicators for analysis & use in targeting
  • Guides design of data collection & analysis
  • Considers food availability, access & utilisation as core determinants of FS
conceptual framework1
Conceptual Framework


  • basis for developing initial hypotheses on emergency
  • way to visualise relationships among factors affecting F&NS
main objectives of an efsa
Main objectives of an EFSA

To determine risks for the population…

  • life-threatening risks, e.g., malnutrition, disease
  • risks to livelihoods, e.g., loss of assets that endanger present , future livelihoods

… and what to do about them

specific objectives of efsa
Specific objectives of EFSA

To identify:

  • who is food insecure and/or malnourished, and how severe is food insecurity: whose lives or livelihoods are at risk
  • main causes of food insecurity & malnutrition including chronic/transitory issues
  • need for, and type of, interventions to address food insecurity and malnutrition to save lives & protect/strengthen livelihoods
wfp food and nutrition security conceptual framework key concepts
WFP Food and Nutrition Security Conceptual Framework: Key concepts
  • Livelihoods
  • Food security
  • Nutrition security
1 livelihoods
1 - Livelihoods
  • livelihoods approach examines:
  • impact of shock on human, financial, social, physical, & natural, assets
  • impact of policies, institutions, other processes
  • strategies the affected are using to survive
  • … tries to determine likely outcomes for the affected: changes in vulnerability, food / nutrition security status, etc.
example of household livelihood analysis



  • increasingly dry and arid conditions
  • low rainfall
  • Increasing soil erosion
Example of household livelihood analysis

HH asset profile

H: healthy members of working age; good agricultural skills

S: well connected in community

F: little cash

P: few productive assets

N: no land

  • Policy, Institutions, Processes
  • fertilizer subsidy available
  • strong agricultural extension service
  • strong trust between community leader & HH head

Livelihood strategies

  • HH use strong social assets to get loans
  • rent land; buy tools & agric. inputs
  • HH use human assets to farm & to offset low financial, natural assets
how are livelihoods affected
How are livelihoods affected?



Extent to which households can withstand shock

2 food security
2 - Food security




…when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs, and food preferences for an active and healthy life…

3 nutrition security
3 - Nutrition security

Food security


Caring practices

Acute malnutrition: clear sign of risk to life

Chronic malnutrition: long-term problems related to food, health and care

unicef conceptual framework of malnutrition
UNICEF Conceptual Framework of malnutrition


Immediate causes

Underlying causes at household level

Basic causes at societal level

conceptual framework levels of analysis 1
Conceptual Framework: levels of analysis (1)

Basic causes:

structural factors that establish the context in which malnutrition and food insecurity exist

conceptual framework levels of analysis 2
Conceptual Framework: levels of analysis (2)

Underlying causes:

characteristics of individual households that make them more, or less, susceptible to malnutrition and food insecurity

conceptual framework levels of analysis 3
Conceptual Framework: levels of analysis (3)

Immediate causes:

factors that can lead directly to malnutrition and death

conceptual framework levels of analysis 4
Conceptual Framework: levels of analysis (4)


malnutrition and excess mortality arising from failure to resolve problems at other levels


Adapting the Conceptual Framework


  • The relative significance of each framework element depends on region & country, nature of crisis, & affected groups
  • Adapting it to local context allows formulation of initial hypotheses on probable local effects of crisis

Adapting the Framework: How?

Review secondary info & discussions with key informants

Identify factors most likely to affect FS&N in current context

Identify possible linkages among factors affecting food & nutrition security


initial hypotheses

definition of information requirements & selection of assessment methodology

form basis for

exercise 1 1 adapt the conceptual framework
Exercise 1.1.Adapt the Conceptual Framework
  • Use Worksheet for each Working Group
  • 45 min + 60 min debriefing
wrap up

The Framework:

  • Provides basis for development of initial emergency hypotheses, causes & effects
  • Helps to visualize relationships between factors affecting food & nutrition security
  • Guides data collection & analysis