The rise of democracy
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The Rise of Democracy. SS.6.W.3.2 & SS.6.C.1.1. Monarchy: 2,000 - 800 B.C.E. Ruling power is in the hands of one person, usually a king Usually the oldest son would inherit the throne from his father. Kings of ancient Greece had many powers.

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The Rise of Democracy

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The rise of democracy

The Rise of Democracy

SS.6.W.3.2 & SS.6.C.1.1


Monarchy 2 000 800 b c e

Monarchy: 2,000 - 800 B.C.E.

  • Ruling power is in the hands of one person, usually a king

  • Usually the oldest son would inherit the throne from his father.

  • Kings of ancient Greece had many powers.

  • They made laws, acted as judges, conducted religious ceremonies, and led the army during wars.

  • By about 800 B.C.E. aristocrats in most city-states overthrew the monarchy and took power for themselves

  • Aristocrat: a member of a wealthy and powerful class of people


Oligarchy 800 650 b c e

Oligarchy: 800 – 650 B.C.E.

  • Ruling power is in the hands of a few people

  • In the case of Greece, it was usually a few wealthy men.

  • Under oligarchs, rich became richer and poor became poorer.

  • Eventually, the poor turned to leaders, usually from the military, who promised to improve their lives.

  • Backed by the people, these leaders used their soldiers to overthrow the oligarchs.


Tyranny 650 500 b c e

Tyranny: 650 – 500 B.C.E.

  • Around the mid 600s B.C.E. people in many Greek city-states turned to men who promised to change the government.

  • These men became known as tyrants.

  • Tyranny: ruling power in the hands of one person who is not a lawful king

  • Tyrants usually took and kept control by force.

  • Many tyrants ruled well and did much to help the people, but others abused their power and were eventually forced out by the people.


Democracy 500 b c e present

Democracy: 500 B.C.E. – Present?

  • After the people of Athens overthrew the tyrant, they decided to govern themselves.

  • They developed democracy which means rule by the people.

  • All citizens in a democracy share ruling power.

  • The city had an assembly or lawmaking group where any free man could speak and vote.

  • Women and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote.


Democracy yesterday and today

Democracy Yesterday and Today

  • Ancient Greek democracy was different from democracy today.

  • The government of Athens was a direct democracy where every citizen can vote on every issue.

  • The United States today is a representative democracy where people vote for representatives (senators, congressmen, etc.) who decide issues in their name.


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