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EQ: What issues lead to the division between the North and the South?. STANDARD SSE2a. VOCBULARY –USE YOUR GLOSSARY TO DEFINE THESE WORDS IN THE PPT. Naval stores 9. territory Interdependent 10. emancipate Sectionalism 11. secede

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vocbulary use your glossary to define these words in the ppt
VOCBULARY –USE YOUR GLOSSARY TO DEFINE THESE WORDS IN THE PPT
  • Naval stores 9. territory
  • Interdependent 10. emancipate
  • Sectionalism 11. secede
  • Tariff
  • Sovereign
  • States’ rights
  • Secession
  • Nullification
growing regional differences between the north v s south
Growing Regional Differences between the North v/s South
  • GEOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES
  • ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES
  • SOCIAL DIFFERENCES
geographic differences
GEOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES

NORTH

SOUTH

Warmer climate and fertile topsoil, agriculture

Tobacco, corn , rice, indigo, & naval stores

Invention of the cotton gin,cotton became “KING”

  • Rocky soil
  • Swift rivers and waterfalls to power its mills and factories
  • Natural harbors for foreign trade
economic and social differences
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DIFFERENCES

NORTH

SOUTH

Agricultural (agrarian) economy

Mostly farmers(rural)

Depended on themselves for their food, clothing, and shelter (farming, hunting,

and fishing)

People did not expect as many services from the government

  • Industry based
  • Growth of cities
  • Depended on one another for food, clothing , and shelter ???????
  • People expected more services from the government like fire and police protection
political issues split the north and south
Political Issues Split the North and South
  • TARIFFS (186)
  • STATES RIGHTS (187)
  • SECESSION (188)
  • DEVELOPMENT OF THE WEST (188)
  • WESTWARD EXPANSION (192)
the issue of tariffs what is a tariff
The Issue of TariffsWhat is a tariff?

NORTH

SOUTH

Against protective tariff because South did not have many industries and they depended greatly on imported goods from countries like Britain

  • They were for a protective tariff b/c they wanted the South to buy from them! What is a tariff? Name 1 item that the North put a tariff on.
states rights
STATES’ RIGHTS

NORTH

SOUTH

Supported states’ rights

For Nullification: South argued states should not have to follow a U.S. law if it was not in the best interest of their state-they could declare the law NULL and VOID

  • Less support for states’ rights
  • Opposed nullification and argued that states did NOT have the power to decide whether or not they would enforce a U.S. law
seccession
Seccession

North

South

Southerners argued that a state COULD voluntarily leave, or secede if it needed to protect its rights

  • Northerners argued that secession was ILLEGAL
development of the west
Development of the West

North

South

U.S. should sell land cheaply so it could quickly be used for agriculture which would include slaves

  • U.S. should sell land to bring in revenue $$$$ to the U.S. government
  • Afraid if land was too cheap, Northern factory owners would lose workers
westward expansion of slavery
Westward Expansion of Slavery

North

South

For slavery; plantation system based on slave labor

Slavery should be allowed in new western territories being added to the U.S.

  • Against slavery because it was industry based and didn’t depend on slaves as much as the South
  • Slavery should not be allowed in the new western areas being added to the U.S.
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