Multidimensional treatment foster care an alternative to institutional placement
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Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care – an alternative to institutional placement. Euromet Symposium 2013 Annika W Jonsson, psychologist Sara Lindstein, psychologist SiS ungdomshem Hässleholm. Background Information .

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Multidimensional treatment foster care an alternative to institutional placement

Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care – an alternative to institutional placement

Euromet Symposium 2013

Annika W Jonsson, psychologist

Sara Lindstein, psychologist

SiS ungdomshem Hässleholm


Background information

Background Information

  • OSLC, where MTFC was developed, was started in the 1970’s by Gerald Patterson and John Reid in Eugene, Oregon, USA

  • The MTFC program is based on Social Learning Theory and Coercion Theory

  • MTFC is evidence- and manualbased


How is mtfc different

How is MTFC different?

  • MTFC places one child with a family at a time

  • Placement in MTFC is approx. one year

  • MTFC uses a team approach to treatment

  • Foster Parents are members of the team

  • For one of the foster parents, MTFC is a full-time job

  • Programs are individualized for each youth

  • Support for foster parents is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week

  • Foster parents meet regularly with their supervisor and other foster parents in the program to learn from and support each other


Main purpose of mtfc

Main purposeof MTFC

Youthreturningto a permanent livingwithhis/herfamily. For all treatmentcomponentsof MTFC, this is focus from dayone.


Mtfc key stones

MTFC Keystones

  • Reinforcement of pro-social behaviors

  • Close supervision

  • Fair, consistent and predictable limits and consequences

  • Supportive relationships

  • Minimize association with peers who may be a bad influence


Who is served by mtfc

Who is served by MTFC?

  • Children and youth in need of out-of-home placement due to serious behavioral and emotional problems and their families

  • MTFC-P serves children 3 – 6 years old

  • MTFC-C serves children 7 – 11 years old

  • MTFC-A serves youth 12 – 17 years old

  • Those who may have failed in prior placements or treatments

  • Can be used as step-down from institutional placements

  • Can be used as diversion from institutional placements


Exclusionary criteria

Exclusionarycriteria

  • Absence of serious behavior problems

  • Substance abuse is the only problem behavior

  • Sex offending/acting out is the only problem behavior

  • Active suicidal/homicidal

  • Psychosis

  • Schizophrenia

  • Bi-polar disorder with psychotic features


The mtfc universe

The MTFC Universe

Program supervisor

Social

services

School

Foster

parents

Youth

Skills coach

Family

therapist

Youth

therapist

Biological

family


Core components for mtfc parents

Core Components for MTFC Parents

  • Conducts daily behavior management point and level system

  • Daily telephone contact and data collection

  • Weekly support and training meetings

  • 24-hour, 7-day on-call program supervisor


Core components for youth

Core Components for Youth

  • Daily mentoring by MTFC parents

  • Daily structure and support via a point and level system

  • Daily schoolcard

  • Weekly contact with parents and frequent home visits

  • Weeklyindividualtherapy

  • Weekly skill building and advocacy

  • Close supervision of whereabouts and associations

  • Psychiatricconsultation


Point chart

Point chart

Name Date

Points Things to Do to Earned Points Earned Bonus Total

  • 5 UP ON TIME

  • 5READY IN MORNING

  • 5MORNING CLEANUP

  • 5GO TO SCHOOL , CARRY SCHOOL CARD

  • 10ON TIME FOR CLASS

  • 10BEHAVIOR IN CLASS

  • 10 READ AND STUDY

  • 5ATTEND THERAPIES & SKILLS TRAINING

  • 5ATTEND LEISURE ACTIVITY

  • 10BEING ON TIME

  • 5CHORE

  • 5DINNER WITH FOSTER FAMILY

  • 5ENGAGE IN FAMILY ACTIVITIES

  • 0-10 PRO-SOCIAL PEER CONTACT

  • 5ATTITUDE

  • 5BED ON TIME

  • 5CELL PHONE TO FOSTER PARENTS

    DAILY TOTAL (115)


Point and level system

Point and Level System

  • Three levels

  • Opportunities to earn points for compliance, prosocial behavior

  • Points are lost for rule violations, misbehavior

  • Provides a framework within which interaction can occur without engagement in conflict


Level 1

Level 1

During Level 1, the youth settles into the MTFC family home and begins to build relationships. In Level 1, there is very close supervision and immediate reinforcement.

  • The youth earns points for routine daily activities.

  • The youth is supervised at all times.

  • No homevisits, no time with friends, no cell phone

  • The youth should be able to earn approx. 100 points a day.

  • It takes 2,100 points or about 3 weeks to move out of Level 1.


Level 2

Level 2

Level 2 will be individualized according to what was learned during level 1.

  • Youths can earn 805 points a week.

  • Bonuspointsearned in one week are used to buy privileges for the next week.

  • They learn to delay gratification, plan ahead, and work toward a goal.

  • The amount and quality of privileges increases.

  • They can be demoted to level 1 for low point days.

  • It takes 110 days to earn enough points to move to level 3.


Level 3

Level 3

Level 3 is a maintenance phase. The youth is allowed more free time and a higher quality of privileges in level 3.

  • The youth must earn 90 points a day.

  • Youth and foster parents/family are more independent in relation to the program supervisor

  • Activities must be approved in advance.

  • Serious violations can result in a demotion to level 1.


Core components for families

Core Components for Families

  • Weeklyfamily counseling focusing on Parent Management Training: teaching parents to use clear and consistent discipline, be warm and supportive and to supervise their children closely

  • Instruction in behavior management methods

  • Home visits with crisis back-up

  • 24-hour, 7-day on call to program supervisor


Research results swedish 2 year follow up

Research results – Swedish 2-year-follow-up

Comparison MTFC-group (n = 20) and TAU-group (treatment as usual)(n = 20)

  • MTFC hadsignificantlyreduced all self-reported problem symptoms (internalized and externalized) for youths and mothers.

  • TAU hadsignificantlyreducedsomeself-reported problem symtoms

  • MTFC hadreduced all self-reported problem symtoms with at least 30%

    Pia Kyhle Westermark, 2009, IMS & Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet


Swedish 3 year follow up

Swedish 3-year-follow-up

ComparisonSiSassessment + MTFC-treatment (n = 19) vs SiSassessment+TAU (n = 27)

  • Violentcrimeduring the three-yearfollow-up period 0 % in the MTFC-group vs 41 % in the TAU group

  • Days in lockedwardsduring the followup period: MTFC average 23 days vs TAU average 87 days

  • Thirdyear – significantlylowerfrequencyofcriminality in the MTFC-group

    On going study, Bergström & Höjman, Lund university/SiS


Aftercare

Aftercare

  • Aftercarehelpstoprevent old patternsof problem behaviortoreturn. Withoutit, problem behaviorsmostoftenreoccur. Support is neededfor a long time.

  • The youthleveloffunctioningafter the termination ofthe MTFC-program is moredependenton the situation at homethen it is on the leveloffunctioningduring the MTFC-placement.

  • Multidimensionalwork is necessaryalso in the phaseofaftercare; family, school, friendsand leisureactivities.


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