Major Cities of Canada. Quebec. Quebec (kwih BEHK) is the capital of the province on Quebec and is the oldest city in Canada. In French, the city is pronounced differently (kay BEHK). Quebec is the only walled city in North America, but most of the city is now outside the walls. Quebec.
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Quebec sits at the point where the St. Charles
River flows into the St. Lawrence River. Nearby, the St. Lawrence River narrows to about ½ mile wide. The city’s name comes from an Algonquin Indian word meaning the river narrows here.
Algonquin and Iroquois Indians once farmed and hunted in the area that is now Quebec.
Montreal sits where the St. Lawrence and Ottawa
Rivers meet in the southern Quebec province.
Montreal is located on an island and is the only city on the continent built around a mountain. Montreal covers 2/5 of the island. A mountain covered with trees, Mount Royal, sits in the center of the city.
Algonquin and Iroquois Indians lived in
the Montreal area before Europeans
arrived. The area’s rivers and lakes
provided the Indians with lots of fish.
The waterways were also great for
French moved into the
Montreal area. Roman
Catholics came to try to
“convert” the Indians to
Christianity. The French
settlers began to trade for fur pelts with the Algonquin and Huron Indians. The Huron Indians were rivals of the Iroquois Indians. The Iroquois Indians didn’t like the fur trading that was going on, so they attacked the Montreal area. The French and Iroquois made peace by the 1700’s.Montreal
Fur trading settlement
Toronto sits on
shore of Lake
Ontario and is
one of the
busiest ports on
the Great Lakes.
During the 1600’s and 1700’s, Indians used the Toronto area as a portage (or overland route)
Ontario and Lake
Huron. For a while the city was called York. In 1834 the city was renamed Toronto, a Huron Indian word that means meeting place.