Major Cities
Download
1 / 22

Major Cities of Canada - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 248 Views
  • Uploaded on

Major Cities of Canada. Quebec. Quebec (kwih BEHK) is the capital of the province on Quebec and is the oldest city in Canada. In French, the city is pronounced differently (kay BEHK). Quebec is the only walled city in North America, but most of the city is now outside the walls. Quebec.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Major Cities of Canada' - calais


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Major Cities

of

Canada


Quebec
Quebec

  • Quebec (kwih BEHK) is the capital of the province on Quebec and is the oldest city in Canada.

  • In French, the city is pronounced differently (kay BEHK).

  • Quebec is the only walled city in North America, but most of the city is now outside the walls.


Quebec1
Quebec

Quebec sits at the point where the St. Charles

River flows into the St. Lawrence River. Nearby, the St. Lawrence River narrows to about ½ mile wide. The city’s name comes from an Algonquin Indian word meaning the river narrows here.


Quebec2
Quebec

Algonquin and Iroquois Indians once farmed and hunted in the area that is now Quebec.

Iroquois Indian


Quebec3
Quebec

  • Samuel de Champlain, one of the greatest French explorers, explored all along the Atlantic Ocean from Nova Scotia, Canada, to Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

  • He also traveled from the St. Lawrence River to Lake Huron.

  • He was the founder of Quebec, the oldest city in North America north of Florida.

Samuel de

Champlain


Quebec was in a tug of war
Quebec was in a tug of war

  • In 1628, Quebec was attacked for the first time by English troops. In 1629, it came under British control.

  • In 1632, France made a deal to get Quebec back under their control.

  • By 1690, the English tried again to take Quebec. The 1500 people that lived there successfully defended themselves though. The French were very upset that the English were trying to take control.


Even in the 1700 s quebec stayed in the tug of war
Even in the 1700’s Quebec stayed in the tug of war!

  • In 1711, the British again tried to take Quebec. They had to turn back, though, because a huge storm wrecked many of their ships.

  • In 1759, the British finally took control of Quebec again.

  • In 1763, all of Canada was given to the British at the end of the French and Indian War.

  • During the Revolutionary War in America in 1775, American troops attacked Quebec. The Americans lost a horrible battle and even the American general died!


Montreal
Montreal

  • In 1534, Jacques Cartier of France became the first European explorer to reach the area that is now Montreal.

  • He climbed to the top of the mountain and named it Mont Real (Mount Royal).

  • In the 1600’s the settlers named the small city York. By the 1700’s the city was known because of the mountain and became known as Montreal.


Montreal1
Montreal

  • Montreal (mahn tree AWL) is the largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris.

  • Almost 2/3 of the people that live in Montreal have French ancestors and speak French.

  • Montreal is the second largest city in Canada.


Montreal2
Montreal

Montreal sits where the St. Lawrence and Ottawa

Rivers meet in the southern Quebec province.


Montreal3
Montreal

Montreal

Montreal is located on an island and is the only city on the continent built around a mountain. Montreal covers 2/5 of the island. A mountain covered with trees, Mount Royal, sits in the center of the city.


Montreal4
Montreal

Algonquin and Iroquois Indians lived in

the Montreal area before Europeans

arrived. The area’s rivers and lakes

provided the Indians with lots of fish.

The waterways were also great for

transportation.

Iroquois Indian


Montreal5

In the mid 1600’s the

French moved into the

Montreal area. Roman

Catholics came to try to

“convert” the Indians to

Christianity. The French

settlers began to trade for fur pelts with the Algonquin and Huron Indians. The Huron Indians were rivals of the Iroquois Indians. The Iroquois Indians didn’t like the fur trading that was going on, so they attacked the Montreal area. The French and Iroquois made peace by the 1700’s.

Montreal

Fur trading settlement


Montreal6
Montreal

  • Montreal’s location on the St. Lawrence River made it an important trading post.

  • All of the European items came through Montreal on their way to the northern parts of America.

  • Montreal was also near the Ottawa River. This river led explorers to the forests of Canada.


Montreal had its own tug of war
Montreal had its own tug of war.

  • Montreal was run by the French until the late 1700’s when British troops captured the city. Not long after this, all of Canada was given to Britain. This meant that a few English-speaking settlers moved into the city.

  • The Americans tried to take over the city during the American Revolution. The Americans wanted the French that were still living there to gang up against the British. More British troops came to Montreal and the French didn’t seem to care, so the American soldiers were forced to leave.


Toronto
Toronto

  • Toronto (tuh RAHN toh) is the capital of the province of Ontario and is the largest city in Canada.

  • Most of Canada’s factories are near Toronto.


Toronto1
Toronto

Toronto sits on

the northwest

shore of Lake

Ontario and is

one of the

busiest ports on

the Great Lakes.


During the 1600’s and 1700’s, Indians used the Toronto area as a portage (or overland route)

between Lake

Ontario and Lake

Huron. For a while the city was called York. In 1834 the city was renamed Toronto, a Huron Indian word that means meeting place.


Toronto2
Toronto area as a portage (or overland route)

  • Before Europeans arrived, Algonquin and Iroquois Indians lived in the area. The area was at the southern end of an Indian trail between Lake Huron and Lake Ontario


Toronto s tug of war
Toronto’s tug of war area as a portage (or overland route)

  • In the early 1700’s the French set up a mission (religious area), fur trading post, and a fort near the harbor of Toronto.

  • In 1759, the French burned the fort to the ground to keep the British from taking it over.

  • A couple of years after that, though, England took control of all of Canada.


Toronto s tug of war1
Toronto’s tug of war area as a portage (or overland route)

  • In 1787, the Canadians bought all of the land from the Indians to start a city that would be the capital of Ontario. They named it York after the Duke of York in England.

  • During the War of 1812, American troops captured York and burned down parts of it.

  • By 1834, York’s name became Toronto.


You will need a sheet of notebook paper and a pencil please answer these in sentences
You will need a sheet of notebook paper and a pencil. Please answer these in sentences.

  • Why do you think people chose to start these cities where they did?

  • Why do you think that parts of Canada would rather speak French than English?

  • What is something that all of these cities have in common?


ad