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Call up. April 15, 1861: 75,000 Union volunteers April 17, Virginia Secession Convention North Carolina Tennessee Arkansas June 8, 1861: The Confederacy calls for 400,00 volunteers. Border States. Kentucky Missouri, Maryland, Delaware

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Presentation Transcript
call up
Call up
  • April 15, 1861: 75,000 Union volunteers
  • April 17, Virginia Secession Convention

North Carolina

Tennessee

Arkansas

  • June 8, 1861: The Confederacy calls for 400,00 volunteers
border states
Border States
  • Kentucky Missouri, Maryland, Delaware
  • Lincoln: like to have God on my side, but I have “to have Kentucky”
  • Lincoln the legalist.
baltimore
Baltimore
  • Voted for Breckinridge
  • Democratic Legislature
  • The Baltimore Police Chief sympathized with the South
  • Split between grain growing region in norther MD and tobacco growing Eastern Shore
habeas corpus
Habeas Corpus
  • Four soldiers, twelve civilians dead
  • Gov. Hicks ordered destruction of rail bridges from PA
  • Secessionists tore down the telegraph lines to Washington
  • Washington in a panic, sandbagging the Capitol
  • U.S. Army officers arrested 31 secessionist legislators, the police chief, police commissioners
  • Lincoln the legalist:
    • Lincoln defies the Supreme Court
    • When is the suspension of the Constitution justified?
anaconda
Anaconda
  • General Winfield Scott
  • April 19: Blockade proclaimed
    • Cover 3500 miles of coast, 189 harbors and navigable rivers
    • Secty Navy: Gideon Wells, Asst Secty Gustavus Fox
navies
Navies
  • Naval resources: Yard
    • Boston, Portsmouth NH, New York, Philadelphia, Wash DC, Pensacola, Mare Island CA, and Gosport Navy Yard at Norfolk VA.
    • Pensacola fell January 12, 1861
    • Gosport: premier facility in the country
    • Problem: Virginia on the fence
gosport
Gosport
  • 10 warships, inc. the Merrimack
  • Commander Charles McCauley
  • Commander Hiram Paulding sent to replace McCauley
  • Abandoned Gosport, April 20
union navy
Union Navy
  • Union
    • Blockade
union navy1
Union Navy
  • 50 ships in 1861
  • 670 ships at peak
confederate navy
Confederate Navy
  • Coastal Gunboats (Mosquito Fleet)
  • Blockade Runners
  • Privateers
  • River ironclads
  • Challenges
    • Engine Manufacture
    • Iron (Treadegar)
    • Ship Yards
  • European Shipyards (Alabama and Florida)
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