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Call up. April 15, 1861: 75,000 Union volunteers April 17, Virginia Secession Convention North Carolina Tennessee Arkansas June 8, 1861: The Confederacy calls for 400,00 volunteers. Border States. Kentucky Missouri, Maryland, Delaware

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Call up

Call up

  • April 15, 1861: 75,000 Union volunteers

  • April 17, Virginia Secession Convention

    North Carolina

    Tennessee

    Arkansas

  • June 8, 1861: The Confederacy calls for 400,00 volunteers


Border states

Border States

  • Kentucky Missouri, Maryland, Delaware

  • Lincoln: like to have God on my side, but I have “to have Kentucky”

  • Lincoln the legalist.


Baltimore

Baltimore

  • Voted for Breckinridge

  • Democratic Legislature

  • The Baltimore Police Chief sympathized with the South

  • Split between grain growing region in norther MD and tobacco growing Eastern Shore


Baltimore april 19

Baltimore: April 19


Habeas corpus

Habeas Corpus

  • Four soldiers, twelve civilians dead

  • Gov. Hicks ordered destruction of rail bridges from PA

  • Secessionists tore down the telegraph lines to Washington

  • Washington in a panic, sandbagging the Capitol

  • U.S. Army officers arrested 31 secessionist legislators, the police chief, police commissioners

  • Lincoln the legalist:

    • Lincoln defies the Supreme Court

    • When is the suspension of the Constitution justified?


Anaconda

Anaconda

  • General Winfield Scott

  • April 19: Blockade proclaimed

    • Cover 3500 miles of coast, 189 harbors and navigable rivers

    • Secty Navy: Gideon Wells, Asst Secty Gustavus Fox


Navies

Navies

  • Naval resources: Yard

    • Boston, Portsmouth NH, New York, Philadelphia, Wash DC, Pensacola, Mare Island CA, and Gosport Navy Yard at Norfolk VA.

    • Pensacola fell January 12, 1861

    • Gosport: premier facility in the country

    • Problem: Virginia on the fence


Gosport

Gosport

  • 10 warships, inc. the Merrimack

  • Commander Charles McCauley

  • Commander Hiram Paulding sent to replace McCauley

  • Abandoned Gosport, April 20


Union navy

Union Navy

  • Union

    • Blockade


Union navy1

Union Navy

  • 50 ships in 1861

  • 670 ships at peak


Confederate navy

Confederate Navy

  • Coastal Gunboats (Mosquito Fleet)

  • Blockade Runners

  • Privateers

  • River ironclads

  • Challenges

    • Engine Manufacture

    • Iron (Treadegar)

    • Ship Yards

  • European Shipyards (Alabama and Florida)


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