Identify aspects of the refugee experience and the impact they have on new arrivals. Element 1.1. Welcome. Human Rights: Everyone, Everywhere, Everyday. Overview of Element 1.1. Introductions – where do we come from?
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Human Rights: Everyone, Everywhere, Everyday
Face the Facts, Australian Human Rights Commission, 2008
The United Nations definition of a Refugee given in the 1951 convention and 1967 Protocol
…people who apply to the government of a country for recognition as a refugee and for permission to stay because they claim to fear persecution in their own country on the grounds of race, religion, political beliefs or nationality, or because they belong to a particular social group. Until the government has considered their application against the definition contained in the UN Convention, they will not be recognised as refugees.
An internally displaced person (IDP) may have been forced to flee their home for the same reasons as a refugee, but has not crossed an internationally recognised border.
Many IDPs are in refugee-like situations and face the same problems as refugees within their own country.
Skilled stream migrants they have on new arrivals– 52% of total migration in 2007-08
Chosen according to occupation, age, education, work experience and English language ability
Have skills or outstanding abilities that will contribute to the Australian economy.
Some are sponsored by an employer or relative
Most must pass a points test
Family Stream migrants – over 35% of migrants
Chosen according to their relationship with a sponsor who must be a close family member and an Australian resident or citizen
Humanitarian Program Entrants
Chosen because they are refugees or people in need of humanitarian assistance
Face the Facts, Australian Human Rights Commission, 2008Migration Programs
Refugee (visa subclass 200) they have on new arrivals
Referral from UNHCR
Must meet health and character requirements
Medical and travel costs are paid
Are eligible for a full range of Australian Government settlement services
In-country Special Humanitarian
(visa subclass 201)
For applicants unable to leave their own country.
These visa applicants have the same entitlements as SHP entrants
(visa subclass 203)
For emergency cases only where an applicant has an immediate threat.
Referral from UNHCR with less than 48 hours from referral to removal.
Health and character tests apply
Applicants have the same visa rights as a Refugee visa
Woman at Risk (visa subclass 204)
For especially vulnerable women and children such as female headed households, single mothers, abandoned or single women.
Most applicants have been subjected to extreme violence
Referred by UNHCR and other agencies
Health and character tests apply.
Applicants have the same entitlements as Refugee visa entrants.Humanitarian Program
Migration Stream : Humanitarian Refugee; Humanitarian - Special Assistance; Humanitarian - Migration Stream : Humanitarian Refugee; Humanitarian - Special Assistance; Humanitarian - Special Hum Program; Onshore: Humanitarian; Settlers Arriving from 1 Jan 2007 to 1 Jan 2008
Numbers by Migration Stream forMigration Stream : Humanitarian Refugee; Humanitarian - Special Assistance; Humanitarian -
Migration Stream : All Settlers
Ethnicity: All Settlers
Local Government Area: Stirling (C);
Sex : All Settlers
Settlers Arriving from 1 Jan 2008 to 1 Jul 2008
Number of Settlers
South Africa 22
Other Central and West Africa 15
China (exc Taiwan and SARS)14
Viet Nam 12
Birthplace unknown 1
Source: Department of Immigration and Citizenship Settlement Database.
Note: It is not mandatory to record country of birth which is why there are so many ‘others’.