Unit 3 A taste of English humour
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Unit 3 A taste of English humour Grammar. 动词 - ing 形式作表语、定语和宾补. 动词 -ing 形式作表语、定语和宾补 一、动词 -ing 形式作表语 动名词作表语表示抽象的、一般的行为,现在分词作表语表示主语的特征、性质和状态。 我们最大的幸福是为人民服务。 Our greatest happiness is serving the people . (动名词) 我们的任务是建设社会主义。 Our task is building socialism. (动名词). 我们昨晚看的电影十分动人。

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Unit 3 A taste of English humour Grammar

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Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

Unit 3 A taste of English humour

Grammar

动词-ing形式作表语、定语和宾补


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

动词-ing形式作表语、定语和宾补

一、动词-ing形式作表语

动名词作表语表示抽象的、一般的行为,现在分词作表语表示主语的特征、性质和状态。

我们最大的幸福是为人民服务。

Our greatest happiness is serving the people.(动名词)

我们的任务是建设社会主义。

Our task is building socialism. (动名词)


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

我们昨晚看的电影十分动人。

The film we saw last night is quite moving. (现在分词)

他的话很鼓舞人。

His words are encouraging. (现在分词)


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

常用来作表语的现在分词有astonishing, amusing, confusing, disappointing, boring, encouraging, inspiring, moving, tiring, interesting, surprising等。

全析提示:(1)动名词作表语和主语是等值关系,两者有时可以互换,句子意思不变;动名词后面可以接宾语、状语。

(2)现在分词作表语和主语不是对等关系,现在分词后面不能接宾语,但它前面可以有修饰性的副词,如very, rather等。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

二、动词-ing形式作定语

动名词作定语用来说明该名词的用途,不表示名词本身的动作;现在分词作定语与所修饰的名词具有逻辑上的主谓关系,即现在分词相当于所修饰名词的谓语。

我们必须改进工作方法。

We must improve our working method.(动名词)

他们将手术台架设在一座小庙里。

They set up an operating table in a small temple.(动名词)


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

中国是发展中国家。

China is a developing country.(现在分词)

正在做实验的那个学生是我们的班长。

The student making the experiment is our monitor.(现在分词)


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

  • 全析提示:

  • 动名词短语不能作定语,单个的动名词可以用作定语,但仅作前置定语。

  • 如 working method=method for working工作方法

  • 2. 单个分词和分词短语都可作定语,单个分词一般作前置定语,分词短语则作后置定语,相当于一个定语从句。

  • 如:the man visiting Japan=the man who is visiting Japan 访日的那个人。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

三、动词-ing形式作宾补

动名词不能作宾语补足语。现在分词作宾补表示的是正在发生的动作。例如:

我看见他正在上楼。

I saw him going upstairs.

我们看着她在过大街。

We watched her crossing the street.

我们听见她在房间里唱歌。

We heard her singing in her room。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

全析提示:接现在分析作宾语补足语的动词有feel, hear, listen to, see, look at, watch, observe, notice, find, smell, set, have, keep, start, leave, get catch等。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

  • 2. Mr Smith, ______ of the ______ speech, started to read a novel.

  • tired; boring B. tiring; bored

  • C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring

  • 解析:此题考查现在分词与过去分词的区别。tired, moved, interested excited等过去分词叙述的是人的本身感受;tiring, moving, interesting, exciting等现在分词叙述的是某一物或事情给予人的感受。句意为“史密斯先生对这个令人厌烦的讲话感受厌倦了,所以开始读起一本小说来”。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

高考链接

  • 1. The ______ boy was last seen ______ near the bank of the lake.

  • missing; playing B. missing; play

  • C. missed; played D. missed; to play

  • 解析:missing是形容词,作boy的定语,意思是“失踪的”。 was last seen playing表示被看见时正在玩。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

  • 3. When we watched the national flag ______ in the Olympic Games on TV, we raised a cheer.

  • A. rise B. being risen

  • C. raised D. being raised

  • 解析:本题考查分词作补语,rise是不及物动词,先排除A、B两项,国旗是被人们升起的,应该用分词的被动形式,句意为:当看到电视中奥林匹克运动会上国旗正在被升起时,我们欢呼起来。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

  • 4. He was in hospital for six months. He felt as if he was ______ from the outside world.

  • cut out B. cut off

  • C. cut up D. cut through

  • 解析:cut out的意思是“切下;删除”。cut off意思是“切断;使(人、城镇)孤立”。cut up的意思是“切碎”。cut through的意思是“穿越”。本句的意思是:他住院六个月感到似乎与外界隔绝了。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

  • 5. We sat there, ______with what we listened to.

  • satisfying B . to satisfy

  • C. contented D. content

  • 解析:本题考查动词用法。satisfied表示“感到满意的”,把A、B两项排除;content既是形容词,又是动词,be content with对……满足。


Unit 3 a taste of english humour grammar

  • 6. The boy burst into tears ______ he saw his mother.

  • direct B. direction

  • C. directly D. directly when

  • 解析:本题考查direct的用法,作动词时表示“导演;指示”;作副词时表示“径直地;直接地”,作形容词时是“直接的”;而directly表示“一……就”,相当于as soon as.


Homework

Homework

Make use of different learning resources to summarize the rule

of v- ing forms.


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