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Opener – half sheet of paper. 1. Name three types of Architectural structures that you visited in the past week. 2. For each building describe the people who use it, the building’s function, and the building’s design. Architecture Day 1 Agenda.

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opener half sheet of paper
Opener – half sheet of paper

1. Name three types of

Architectural structures that you

visited in the past week.

2. For each building describe the people

who use it, the building’s function, and

the building’s design.

architecture day 1 agenda
Architecture Day 1 Agenda

Fieldtrip $ and Permission Slip Due Today!!

A and B Grades ONLY! See if your name is one the board!

  • Things To Get:
    • Pantheon Reading w/ questions
    • Architecture Note Sheet
    • Architecture Viewing Guide
  • Things to Do:
    • Opener - Pantheon Reading w/ questions
    • Notes
    • Architecture Viewing Guide – Pantheon Video
objectives
Objectives
  • You will understand that architectural design is composed of elements.
  • You will know the definitions of these elements.
  • You will be able to identify structures that illustrate these elements.
elements of architecture the basics of beautiful design

Elements of Architecture:The Basics of Beautiful Design

What elements and principles of architecture do architects include in the design of structures?

the basics of architecture
The Basics of Architecture
  • Structure
  • Anything that is built or constructed and has a plan.

Seagram Bldg NYC

the basics of architecture basic structures
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Post and Lintel
  • Method of construction in which vertical posts support horizontal lintel, beam.

Stonehenge

the basics of architecture basic structures7
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

Parthenon

  • Columns
  • Vertical, round pillar that supports an arch or entablature
three types of greek columns
Three types of Greek Columns

Doric

-simple capital

Ionic

-scrolled capital

Corinthian

-fancy capital

the basics of architecture basic structures11
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Parthenon
  • Colonnade
  • Line of arches or columns bearing a horizontal entablature.

St. Peter’s Square

entablature
Entablature
  • The parts of an order between the column capital and the roof or pediment.
  • It is divided into three parts: architrave, frieze, and cornice.
the basics of architecture basic structures13
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Arch
  • Vaulted wall opening that can span large spaces.

Colosseum

the basics of architecture basic structures17
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Dome

-a large hemispherical roof or ceiling

-arches are jointed at the top and legs form a circle

-creates more expansive space inside a structure

-base can be circular or angled

Hagia Sophia – square base

slide18

Pendentives

-used for a dome with a square base

-triangular space between dome and arches

-transfers weight and stress

the basics of architecture basic structures20
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Spire
  • a tapering roof or pyramidal construction surmounting a tower

Salisbury Cathedral - England

the basics of architecture basic structures21
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Cantilever
  • Horizontally projecting beam or part of a structure supported only at one end.

Falling Water

the basics of architecture basic structures23
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Buttress
  • A projecting structure for support to give stability to a load-bearing wall.
  • Counteracts lateral thrust.
the basics of architecture basic structures24
The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures
  • Flying Buttress
  • Arch commonly seen on the exterior of Gothic cathedrals
  • Used to support high stone walls by transmitting force to an exterior support.
  • Counteracts lateral thrust.

Notre Dame – Paris France

architecture viewing guide
Architecture Viewing Guide
  • Pantheon
  • Marcus Agrippa
  • 125 AD
  • Concrete, marble, granite
  • Roman Architecture
  • Rome, Italy
  • Function:temple then church
day 2 agenda
Day 2 Agenda

Fieldtrip $ and Permission Slip Due Today!!

A and B Grades ONLY! See if your name is one the board!

  • Things To Get:
    • Note Sheet/Parthenon Video Question Sheet
    • Open Note Quiz
  • Things to Do:
    • Structure Review Opener
    • Finish Viewing Guide on the Pantheon
    • Elements and Principles of Architecture Notes
    • Parthenon Video with Questions

Exit Slip: Draw the main structures from last class

opener
Opener
  • Take out a blank sheet of paper
  • Identify the following five structural styles using the terms from last class.
architecture viewing guide35
Architecture Viewing Guide
  • Pantheon
  • Marcus Agrippa
  • 125 AD
  • Concrete, marble, granite
  • Roman Architecture
  • Rome, Italy
  • Function:temple then church
slide36
Media or Materials

-what the structure is made from

slide37
Function

-purpose for which the building was originally designed

  • The function of a building may change over time but the original purpose still dominates the design.

Joe Bologna\'s

context
Context
  • Physical
  • The area on which the building is constructed.
  • When considering the context of a building, you must also look at the environment.

Japanese School

slide39

Physical Context

Leaning Tower of Pisa

context40
Context
  • Todaji

Buddhist Temple

Nara, Japan

All wood construction

  • Historical/Cultural
  • The time, place, and culture that influenced the creation of the building.
the elements of architecture
The Elements of Architecture
  • Line
  • Where two parts come together

Great Pyramid

the elements of architecture42
The Elements of Architecture
  • Color
  • Colors used on the interior or exterior of the building.

Dome of the Rock

the elements of architecture43
The Elements of Architecture
  • Shape/Form
  • The outline of the building if viewed from the air AND from the ground.

St. Paul’s Cathedral - aerial view

the elements of architecture45
The Elements of Architecture
  • Texture
  • How the building feels or looks
  • Can be the interior or exterior

Guggenheim

the principles of architecture
The Principles of Architecture
  • Space
  • The area in and around a building

Louvre

the principles of architecture47
The Principles of Architecture
  • Balance
  • Distribution of weight

Eiffel Towel

the principles of architecture49
The Principles of Architecture
  • Rhythm/Repetition/Pattern
  • Repeated use of an element

Raphael’s Loggia

the principles of architecture50
The Principles of Architecture
  • Emphasis
  • Calling attention to one part
  • This is achieved by using the elements and principles of architecture

Dome of the Rock

the principles of architecture51
The Principles of Architecture
  • Variety/Contrast
  • the use of differing elements

Villa rotunda

the principles of architecture52
The Principles of Architecture
  • Proportion
  • Proportion-comparison of size of parts and size of the whole
the principles of architecture53
The Principles of Architecture
  • Scale
  • Scale-sized compared to people

Pantheon - Rome

the principles of architecture54
The Principles of Architecture
  • Unity
  • Use of similar elements to tie the work together

Leaning Tower of Pisa

day 3 agenda
Day 3 Agenda
  • Things To Get:
    • Note Sheet out of your notebook with the Parthenon Video Questions
  • Things to Do:
    • Explain extra credit opportunity 5 min.
    • Lyric Activity – 20 points
    • Architecture Encyclopedia Activity (work alone or in PAIRS) – 40 min.
      • One sheet of construction paper and 3 sheets of white paper.

Parthenon Video w/ Questions – 30 min.

theatre review activity
Theatre Review Activity
  • Write down 4-5 lines from a song you know – keep it clean!
  • Focus on projection, articulation, facial expressions, gestures, and body movement.
  • Speak it; don’t sing it!
  • 20 points total
parthenon video
Parthenon Video
  • During the video answer the questions on the sheet provided.
  • Start: 2:30
  • Stop: 13:00
  • Start: 18:00
  • Stop: 26:00
auditorium
Auditorium
  • Take out your Drama notes with technical elements
  • Take these with you to the auditorium
  • BE QUIET IN THE HALL WAY!!!!!
  • On a blank sheet of paper write down 4-5 lines from a song you know.
  • Keep it CLEAN!
  • Then write below it:
    • Projection
    • Facial Expressions
    • Gestures
    • Accent
    • Body Movement
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