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Opener – half sheet of paper. 1. Name three types of Architectural structures that you visited in the past week. 2. For each building describe the people who use it, the building’s function, and the building’s design. Architecture Day 1 Agenda.

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Opener half sheet of paper l.jpg

Opener – half sheet of paper

1. Name three types of

Architectural structures that you

visited in the past week.

2. For each building describe the people

who use it, the building’s function, and

the building’s design.


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Architecture Day 1 Agenda

Fieldtrip $ and Permission Slip Due Today!!

A and B Grades ONLY! See if your name is one the board!

  • Things To Get:

    • Pantheon Reading w/ questions

    • Architecture Note Sheet

    • Architecture Viewing Guide

  • Things to Do:

    • Opener - Pantheon Reading w/ questions

    • Notes

    • Architecture Viewing Guide – Pantheon Video


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Objectives

  • You will understand that architectural design is composed of elements.

  • You will know the definitions of these elements.

  • You will be able to identify structures that illustrate these elements.


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Elements of Architecture:The Basics of Beautiful Design

What elements and principles of architecture do architects include in the design of structures?


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The Basics of Architecture

  • Structure

  • Anything that is built or constructed and has a plan.

Seagram Bldg NYC


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Post and Lintel

  • Method of construction in which vertical posts support horizontal lintel, beam.

Stonehenge


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

Parthenon

  • Columns

  • Vertical, round pillar that supports an arch or entablature


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Three types of Greek Columns

Doric

-simple capital

Ionic

-scrolled capital

Corinthian

-fancy capital


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Doric Ionic Corinthian


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Corinthian Column Capital


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Parthenon

  • Colonnade

  • Line of arches or columns bearing a horizontal entablature.

St. Peter’s Square


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Entablature

  • The parts of an order between the column capital and the roof or pediment.

  • It is divided into three parts: architrave, frieze, and cornice.


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Arch

  • Vaulted wall opening that can span large spaces.

Colosseum


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Pont du Gard


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St. Paul’s Cathedral


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Types of Arches


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Dome

    -a large hemispherical roof or ceiling

    -arches are jointed at the top and legs form a circle

    -creates more expansive space inside a structure

    -base can be circular or angled

Hagia Sophia – square base


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Pendentives

-used for a dome with a square base

-triangular space between dome and arches

-transfers weight and stress


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Dome of the RockCircular Base


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Spire

  • a tapering roof or pyramidal construction surmounting a tower

Salisbury Cathedral - England


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Cantilever

  • Horizontally projecting beam or part of a structure supported only at one end.

Falling Water


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Cantilever


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Buttress

  • A projecting structure for support to give stability to a load-bearing wall.

  • Counteracts lateral thrust.


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The Basics of Architecture:Basic Structures

  • Flying Buttress

  • Arch commonly seen on the exterior of Gothic cathedrals

  • Used to support high stone walls by transmitting force to an exterior support.

  • Counteracts lateral thrust.

Notre Dame – Paris France


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Buttress Flying Buttress


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Architecture Viewing Guide

  • Pantheon

  • Marcus Agrippa

  • 125 AD

  • Concrete, marble, granite

  • Roman Architecture

  • Rome, Italy

  • Function:temple then church


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Day 2 Agenda

Fieldtrip $ and Permission Slip Due Today!!

A and B Grades ONLY! See if your name is one the board!

  • Things To Get:

    • Note Sheet/Parthenon Video Question Sheet

    • Open Note Quiz

  • Things to Do:

    • Structure Review Opener

    • Finish Viewing Guide on the Pantheon

    • Elements and Principles of Architecture Notes

    • Parthenon Video with Questions

      Exit Slip: Draw the main structures from last class


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Opener

  • Take out a blank sheet of paper

  • Identify the following five structural styles using the terms from last class.


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1.


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2.


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3.


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4.


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5.


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Architecture Viewing Guide

  • Pantheon

  • Marcus Agrippa

  • 125 AD

  • Concrete, marble, granite

  • Roman Architecture

  • Rome, Italy

  • Function:temple then church


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Media or Materials

-what the structure is made from


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Function

-purpose for which the building was originally designed

  • The function of a building may change over time but the original purpose still dominates the design.

Joe Bologna's


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Context

  • Physical

  • The area on which the building is constructed.

  • When considering the context of a building, you must also look at the environment.

Japanese School


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  • Physical Context

Leaning Tower of Pisa


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Context

  • Todaji

    Buddhist Temple

    Nara, Japan

    All wood construction

  • Historical/Cultural

  • The time, place, and culture that influenced the creation of the building.


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The Elements of Architecture

  • Line

  • Where two parts come together

Great Pyramid


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The Elements of Architecture

  • Color

  • Colors used on the interior or exterior of the building.

Dome of the Rock


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The Elements of Architecture

  • Shape/Form

  • The outline of the building if viewed from the air AND from the ground.

St. Paul’s Cathedral - aerial view


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Shape/Form


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The Elements of Architecture

  • Texture

  • How the building feels or looks

  • Can be the interior or exterior

Guggenheim


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Space

  • The area in and around a building

Louvre


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Balance

  • Distribution of weight

Eiffel Towel


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The Principles of Architecture

Pompediou Center


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Rhythm/Repetition/Pattern

  • Repeated use of an element

Raphael’s Loggia


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Emphasis

  • Calling attention to one part

  • This is achieved by using the elements and principles of architecture

Dome of the Rock


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Variety/Contrast

  • the use of differing elements

Villa rotunda


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Proportion

  • Proportion-comparison of size of parts and size of the whole


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Scale

  • Scale-sized compared to people

Pantheon - Rome


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The Principles of Architecture

  • Unity

  • Use of similar elements to tie the work together

Leaning Tower of Pisa


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Day 3 Agenda

  • Things To Get:

    • Note Sheet out of your notebook with the Parthenon Video Questions

  • Things to Do:

    • Explain extra credit opportunity 5 min.

    • Lyric Activity – 20 points

    • Architecture Encyclopedia Activity (work alone or in PAIRS) – 40 min.

      • One sheet of construction paper and 3 sheets of white paper.

        Parthenon Video w/ Questions – 30 min.


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Theatre Review Activity

  • Write down 4-5 lines from a song you know – keep it clean!

  • Focus on projection, articulation, facial expressions, gestures, and body movement.

  • Speak it; don’t sing it!

  • 20 points total


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Parthenon Video

  • During the video answer the questions on the sheet provided.

  • Start: 2:30

  • Stop: 13:00

  • Start: 18:00

  • Stop: 26:00


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Auditorium

  • Take out your Drama notes with technical elements

  • Take these with you to the auditorium

  • BE QUIET IN THE HALL WAY!!!!!

  • On a blank sheet of paper write down 4-5 lines from a song you know.

  • Keep it CLEAN!

  • Then write below it:

    • Projection

    • Facial Expressions

    • Gestures

    • Accent

    • Body Movement


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