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From the Hearth of the Eastern Mediterranean. Islam – originated on Arabian peninsula about 1500 years ago. * monotheistic religion, revelations Muhammad received from Allah, Five Pillars. sacred text: Qu’ran founder: Muhammad

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From the hearth of the eastern mediterranean
From the Hearth of the Eastern Mediterranean

  • Islam –

    originated on Arabian peninsula about 1500 years ago.

    * monotheistic religion, revelations Muhammad

    received from Allah, Five Pillars.

    sacred text: Qu’ran

    founder: Muhammad

    sacred sites: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem split in the church:

    * shortly after Muhammad’s death, split into Sunni Muslims (great majority)

    Shi’ite Muslims (concentrated in Iran)

    diffusion: across Arabian peninsula, across North

    Africa, into Spain and also east into Southeast Asia

    Monotheistic, universalizing



Islam

  • 1 billion + adherents

  • Originated in Saudi Arabia (Mecca and Medina) around AD 600.

  • Spread originally by Muslim armies to N. Africa, and the Near East.

  • Sunni (83%) - throughout the Muslim world.

  • Shiite - Iran (40%), Pakistan (15%), Iraq (10%)

Islam


Islam1

Prophet:Muhammad

Islam

Holy Text:Koran

  • Islamic Calender

  • Begins in AD 622 when Muhammad was commanded to Mecca from Medina (Hijra).

  • Lunar calendar makes Ramadan move through the seasons (30 year cycle - 19 years with 354 days and 11 with 355).

  • Five Pillars of Islam

  • There is one God and Muhammad is his messenger.

  • Prayer five times daily, facing Mecca.

  • The giving of alms(charity) to the poor.

  • Fasting during Ramadan for purification and submission.

  • If body and income allow, a Muslim must make a pilgrimage (hajj) to Mecca in his lifetime.

Reading the Koran, Brunei


Islam2

Prophet:Muhammad

Islam

Holy Text: Koran


Diffusion of islam
Diffusion of Islam

Islam is considered the fastest growing religion in America. Only a small part of this growth is from black Muslims and the Nation of Islam.


Minaret for call to prayer stands on the sabah state mosque in kota kinabalu malaysia
Minaret (for call to prayer)stands on the Sabah State Mosque in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia


Diffusion of islam into europe large mosque in paris france
Diffusion of Islam into Europelarge mosque in Paris, France



Religions of the World

  • Shamanism –

  • a community faith tradition in which people follow their shaman, a religious leader, teacher, healer, and visionary.


The roots of religion
The Roots of Religion

  • Animism (Shamanism) -the belief that all objects, animals, and beings are “animated” or possess a spirit and a conscious life. Also called shamanism because of the prominence of a Shaman.

  • Such beliefs are common among hunter-gatherers.

  • 10% of Africans follow such traditional ethnic religions.

  • These beliefs are losing ground to Christianity and Islam throughout Africa.

Nigerian Shaman


Native american animism
Native American Animism

Humankind has not woven the web of life. We are but one thread within it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves. All things are bound together. All things connect.~ Chief Seattle

Bear Dance



Rise of secularism
Rise of Secularism

  • Secularism –

    indifference to or rejection of organized religious affiliations and ideas.

    - Where is secularism on the rise and why?


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