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Health Unit #2: First Aid. Bleeding. External Bleeding. External bleeding occurs when there is a cut or break in the skin. This may lead to an infection if not treated properly. Three Types of Bleeding. What are they?. Arterial Bleeding. Identifiers: bright red spurts out rapidly

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Presentation Transcript

External bleeding
External Bleeding

  • External bleeding occurs when there is a cut or break in the skin.

  • This may lead to an infection if not treated properly.


Three types of bleeding
Three Types of Bleeding

  • What are they?


Arterial bleeding
Arterial Bleeding

Identifiers:

  • bright red

  • spurts out rapidly

  • difficult to stop

    * Arteries have a higher pressure and the blood travels faster.


Venous bleeding
Venous Bleeding

Identifiers:

  • dark red

  • more common since veins are closer to the skin

  • flows steadily


Capillary bleeding
Capillary Bleeding

Identifiers:

  • capillaries link arteries and veins

  • most common

  • oozes

  • clotting occurs easily


Clotting
Clotting

  • blood thickens to seal the opening or cut in order to stop bleeding


Types of open wounds
Types of Open Wounds

  • Open wounds occur when there is a break in the skin and external bleeding occurs.


Abrasion
Abrasion

  • the skin is rubbed or scraped away

  • bleeding is light and easily controlled


Puncture
Puncture

  • when the skin is pierced by a pointed object such as a tac or a nail


Laceration
Laceration

  • a cut with jagged or smooth edges

  • the skin is split from a knife or broken glass


Avulsion
Avulsion

  • a piece of skin is torn away

  • usually involves heavy bleeding


First aid for bleeding
First Aid for Bleeding

What to do when external bleeding occurs?

  • R.E.D Principle: Rest, Elevation, Direct pressure

  • Most important thing to do is to REASSURE the person and help him/her stay calm


First aid for bleeding1
First Aid for Bleeding

  • Depending on the severity of the injury, call 911 or if it is safe to do so, take the casualty to the hospital


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