Season your lectures with active learning
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Season Your Lectures with Active Learning. Michael J. Quinn 1 June 2007. Complete this sentence: Three things I’d like to know about active learning are _________________. Structure of This Lecture. Critiquing lecturing Defining active learning Implementing active learning.

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Season Your Lectures with Active Learning

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Season your lectures with active learning

Season Your Lectureswith Active Learning

Michael J. Quinn

1 June 2007


Complete this sentence three things i d like to know about active learning are

Complete this sentence:Three things I’d like to know about active learning are _________________.


Structure of this lecture

Structure of This Lecture

  • Critiquing lecturing

  • Defining active learning

  • Implementing active learning


Listening teams

Listening Teams

  • Questioners

  • Agreers

  • Nay-sayers

  • Example-givers


I how come the more i talk the less my students learn

IHow come the more I talk the less my students learn?


Advantages of lecturing

Advantages of Lecturing

  • Spark interest

  • Provide unavailable information

  • Convey large amounts of information

  • Reach large audiences

  • Model ways of thinking

  • Maintain control

  • Protect students

  • Help auditory learners

Source: Sutherland and Bonwell


Disadvantages of lecturing

Disadvantages of Lecturing

  • Passive students

  • Inadequate feedback

  • Flagging attention

  • Poor retention

  • Burden on lecturer

  • Non-auditory learners

Source: Sutherland and Bonwell


Students tune out

Students Tune Out

Source: Pollio


As lecture continues retention of new material declines

As lecture continues, retention of new material declines.

Source: Johnson, Johnson, and Smith


Retention of new material

Retention of New Material

Source: McKeachie


Lectures assume homogeneity

Lectures Assume Homogeneity


Listening teams1

Listening Teams

  • Questioners

  • Agreers

  • Nay-sayers

  • Example-givers

Source: Silberman


Ii active learning to the rescue

IIActive learningto the rescue!


Fundamentals

Fundamentals

  • Learning is an active process.

  • Different people learn in different ways.

  • We often don’t know what we think until we try to say it or write it.

  • Just because you’ve said it doesn’t mean they’ve learned it.


Genuine learning

Genuine Learning

Test

Reception

Recap

Explain


Engage more parts of brain

Engage More Parts of Brain

  • Talking and listening

  • Reading

  • Writing

  • Reflecting


When learning is active students do most of the work silberman

“When learning is active, students do most of the work” [Silberman].


Counter the objections

Counter the Objections

  • “That’s not how I learned the material.”

  • “Active learning is great for children, but college students don’t need it.”

  • “It’s too slow paced— I’ll spend a lot of time watching instead of talking.”

  • “I won’t be able to cover all the material.”


Iii fit active learning to your needs and personal style

IIIFit active learning to your needs and personal style.


Ask students to

Ask Students to...

  • Restate information

  • Give examples

  • Recognize instances

  • Make connections

  • Apply concepts

  • Predict consequences

  • State converse


In class writing assignments

In-class Writing Assignments

  • Be specific — ask students to

    • analyze – compare

    • contrast – define

    • describe – evaluate

    • justify – prove

    • summarize – synthesize

Source: Fulwiler


Learning partners

Learning Partners

  • Compare class notes

  • Discuss an example

  • Solve a problem

  • Critique each other’s writing

  • Question partner about reading

  • Recap lecture

  • Develop questions for teacher

  • Test each other


More examples

More Examples

  • Pop quiz (manual or electronic)

  • Response cards (anonymous)

  • Whips

  • Games (Family Feud or Jeopardy)

  • Complete outline of lecture


Use in moderation

Use in Moderation!


Complete this sentence three different ways i can add active learning to my lectures are

Complete this sentence:Three different ways I can add active learning to my lectures are ________________.


References

References

  • Fulwiler, T. Teaching with Writing. Boynton/Cook. 1987.

  • Holt, J. How Children Learn. Pitman. 1967.

  • Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., and Smith, K. A. Active Learning: Cooperation in the College Classroom. Interaction Book Company. 1991.

  • McKeachie, W. Teaching Tips: A Guidebook for the Beginning College Teacher. D. C. Heath. 1986.

  • Meyers, C., and Jones, T. B. Promoting Active Learning: Strategies for the College Classroom. Jossey-Bass. 1993.

  • Pollio, H. R. “What Students Think About and Do in College Lecture Classes.” Teaching-Learning Issues No. 53. University of Tennessee. 1984.

  • Silberman, M. Active Learning: 101 Strategies to Teach Any Subject. Allyn and Bacon. 1996.

  • Sutherland, T. E., and Bonwell, C. C. Using Active Learning in College Classes: A Range of Options for Faculty. Jossey-Bass. 1996.


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