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Journal #17 -Martin Neimoller. Journal #17 Why do you think that Neimoller did not speak out earlier? Provide at least two reasons and briefly explain. What was the consequence(s) of not speaking out earlier? What do you think happened to Neimoller ? Why do you think this?

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Journal 17 martin neimoller
Journal #17 -Martin Neimoller

Journal #17

Why do you think that Neimoller did not speak out earlier? Provide at least two reasons and briefly explain.

What was the consequence(s) of not speaking out earlier?

What do you think happened to Neimoller? Why do you think this?

What is the lesson that should be learned from this quote? Explain….

First they came for the communists,and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a communist.Then they came for the trade unionists,and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a trade unionist.Then they came for the Jews,and I didn't speak out because I wasn't a Jew.Then they came for me,and there was no one left to speak out for me.


The holocaust

Today’s Goals is to be able to answer the following:

What was the Holocaust and what groups were affected?

What were the reasons behind the Nazi Persecution of Jews and other groups.

How did the Nazis execute the Holocaust

The Holocaust


Holocaust basics
Holocaust Basics

  • Holocaust - "sacrifice by fire.“

  • Systematic Killing of Jews by Nazis

  • Other Targets = Gypsies, the disabled, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses


Breakdown of violence
Breakdown of Violence

  • 6million Jews Killed

  • 2 of every 3 European Jews

  • 200,000 Gypsies, 200,000 disabled

  • Also millions of Eastern Europeans


Reasons for the holocaust
Reasons For the Holocaust

  • Belief of German Racial Superiority

  • Elimination of inferior Races

  • Goal = Achieve Racial Purity

  • Growth of Eugenics


How did the holocaust start
How Did the Holocaust Start?

  • Occurred in a series of stages

  • Increasingly more systematic


Anti semitism in europe
Anti-Semitism In Europe

  • Anti-Jewish Attitudes Already Present Across Europe

  • Not Exclusive to Germany


Increasing exclusion and discrimination
Increasing Exclusion and Discrimination

  • Boycott of Jewish goods

  • Exclusion from military, certain, jobs, etc.

  • Nuremberg Laws (1935)

    • Loss of basic rights

  • Kritallnacht 1938


Identification
Identification

  • 1939 – Jews Required to Identify Themselves (Wear Star of David)


Isolation
Isolation

  • Establishment of Ghettos

    • not allowed to leave - under penalty of death.

Relocation to Ghettos


Euthanasia programs 1939
Euthanasia Programs (1939)

  • Hartheim castle, a euthanasia killing center where people with physical and mental disabilities were killed by gassing and lethal injection.

Smoke rising from the chimney at Hadamar, one of six facilities which carried out the Nazis' Euthanasia Program


The final solution
“The Final Solution”

  • Term referring to the extermination of all Jews

  • Begins with invasion of Soviet Union (June ’41)

  • Wannsee Conference (Jan. 20,1942)



Day 2 holocaust
Day 2 - Holocaust

  • Watch a little more of the film

  • Discuss Obedience to Authority

  • Birkenau Reading

  • Work on Outlines – If time


Milgram experiments links to obedience to authority
Milgram Experiments: Links to Obedience to Authority

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrMxl-T-HwY&feature=related

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcvSNg0HZwk


Birkanau reading
Birkanau Reading

  • Examine the roles of the Nazi Executioners (perpetrators), the Jews to be gassed (victims), and the Jews forced to assist (unwilling collaborators).


Continued
Continued….

Pay Attention to:

  • Behavior By Germans Towards Jews

  • How did the Germans dehumanize the Jews?

  • How did those about to be gassed react?

  • How did the the Jews who saw their people of their own religion executed cope?

  • How did they come to grips with the prospect of their own death?


Assignment
Assignment

  • Take Cornell Style Notes on the reading.

    • 4-6 main points recorded per page

    • Draw a Picture A Collection of Pictures that sums up each page

      Pay Attention to:

  • Behavior By Germans Towards Jews

  • How did the Germans dehumanize the Jews?

  • How did those about to be gassed react?

  • How did the the Jews who saw their people of their own religion executed cope?

  • How did they come to grips with the prospect of their own death?


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