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Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the post 2012. Ann Gordon Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment Belmopan . Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Content Origin What is a NAMA Scope of NAMAs Cancun Agreement and NAMAs

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Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the post 2012

Ann Gordon

Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment


Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)


  • Origin

  • What is a NAMA

  • Scope of NAMAs

  • Cancun Agreement and NAMAs

  • Current developing countries’ proposed NAMAs

Origin of NAMAs

Paragraph 1 (b) (ii) of the Bali Action Plan calls for “Nationally appropriate mitigation actions’ by developing country Parties in the context of sustainable development, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity building, in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner”.

What is a NAMA

Appendix II

to the



Source: ECOFYS-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

NAMAs and the Copenhagen Accord

  • Developed countries agreed to provide 30 billion USD in fast track financing between 2010 and 2012 and to mobilize 100 billion per year by 2020.

  • No decisions made in 2009 on modalities and required institutions.

  • Mechanisms to raise and distribute funds, and procedures to measure, report and verify NAMAs must be in place

Cancun Agreement and NAMAS

  • Schedule for establishing guidelines for measuring reporting and verification

  • A registry for matching NAMAs and support is established (registry will record NAMAs and their support)

  • Creation a fund to finance mitigation and adaptation actions

  • New technology transfer mechanisms

  • Creation on “new market based mechanisms” – no explicit text on CDM

  • Individual pledges submitted under Copenhagen Accord anchored under UNFCCC

National Climate Change Action Plan or Low Emission Development Strategies

Sectoral Strategy

Sectoral Strategy


  • Sectoral Strategy


  • Implementation of building codes

    • Define and implement building codes

    • Create institutions to support definition, implementation and enforcement

  • Promotion of solar thermal use

    • Conduct study and implement

    • Information and capacity building

  • Incentives for efficient appliances

    • Implement labeling regulations

Source ECOFYS: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Financing of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions











Decision postponed to COP 17

Adapted from ECOFYS

Directly Supported NAMAs

  • Can be

    • Projects (e.g. Bus Rapid Transit lane)

    • Programmes (e.g. energy efficient lighting program)

    • Policy instrument and tools including:

      • Pilot programmes in local communities

      • Energy efficiency standard in buildings and transport sectors

      • Appliance labelling and provision of subsidies

      • Phasing out small inefficient power plants

      • Inefficient cement and steel plants

      • Replacement of incandescent light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs

      • Removing fuel subsidies

      • Appropriate taxation policies

    • Development and implementation of a strategy

    • National mitigation target

Current Developing Countries’ Proposed NAMAs

Become climate neutral around 2020

• Costa Rica, Maldives

Percentage reduction of national emission below BAU or base year in 2020

• Brazil, Indonesia, Israel, Marshal Islands, Mexico, Moldova, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea

Percentage reduction of intensity (national emission per GDP) in 2020 from 2005

• China, India Detailed list of projects

• Congo, Ethiopia, Jordan, Macedonia, Madagascar, Morocco,

Sierra Leone

What is needed?

  • NAMAs should be based on well developed national and /or sectoral strategies.

    • Initiate process of planning for and preparing for NAMAs and put in place necessary institutional arrangements to support such an endeavour

      • Need to ensure stakeholder consultation in the process and preparation of NAMAs.


  • NAMAs should be based on well developed national and/or sector strategies

    – Strategic, long-term, transformational measures

    – Allows for comprehensive, packages of actions

    – Can also address difficult CDM sectors (e.g. transport,


    – Can consists of several components

    – Can lead to carbon credits or not

  • Learn from existing experience in development finance

  • NAMAs could also take place outside of UNFCCC (e.g. bilateral and multilateral donors)

  • NAMAs can be implemented through the use of domestic resources and funding through the Green Climate Fund, complemented by the use of the market mechanisms, in a balanced manner.

  • PoAs under the Clean Development Mechanism regarded as predecessor of a future NAMA mechanism

Thank you for your attention!!

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