Have a structure have a beginning middle and an end the basic presentation
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HAVE A STRUCTURE Have a beginning, middle and an end. The Basic presentation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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HAVE A STRUCTURE Have a beginning, middle and an end. The Basic presentation. Introduction(opening) Welcome  the audience. Say what your presentation will be about: the aims and objectives. The introduction should catch the attention.

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Have a structure have a beginning middle and an end the basic presentation

HAVE A STRUCTUREHave a beginning, middle and an end.The Basic presentation


Welcome the audience.

Say what your presentation will be about: the aims and objectives.

The introduction should catch the attention.

Perhaps a provocative statement or a humorous anecdote(story,tale).

The first thirty seconds are probably the most important.

In that period of time you must grab the attention of the audience.

There are several effective opening techniques:

start with a thought-provoking question, make an interesting or controversial statement, recite a relevant quotation or recount a joke.

Your opening should also indicate your subject (Tell them what you are going to talk about).

The opening is about 10% of your presentation.


largest part of your presentation, approximately 80%.

The body of the presentation should prove statements made in the opening.  

Formulate a series of points.

Organize your points so as to follow one another so each point builds upon the previous one.

limit the main points. State the purpose, then demonstrate, or recapitulate.  

Ways to demonstrate a point:  

Appeal to reason, cite examples,  quote statistics, quote an authority,  draw a comparison

Don't try to say too much content in or you will talk non- stop trying to get all your content and the audience will switch off with information overload long before the end.

Conclusion(closing) *It should be approximately 10% of your presentation.*The closing is just as important as the opening. *It should be clever, thought provoking, strong, clear and meaningful. *This is your opportunity to sum it up.

Briefly summariseyour main points.

Answer any questions.

Thank the audience for listening.

Look at the audience again, smile and slow down.

The end should be on a strong or positive note–

Using audio visual aids powerpoint overhead projector or flip chart etc


You may be allowed to use any AVA!

then it's wise to try to practice on one beforehand so you know what you are doing!

Check the computer and the lighting:

Stand to one side .

Face and speak to your audience, not the screen.

All too often the slides are just a security blanket for the speaker,

Don't use too many slides:

Don't try to write too much on each slide: 30 to 40 words in a large font size is ample for one transparency. The best slides contain just one word.

Slides can contain prompts to remind you of, what you will say next.

Use a large (about 24 point) Don't put everything in upper case as this looks crude.

Use colour and bold for emphasis 

Pictures, especially tables, diagrams and charts are good

A little humour can grab the attention of the audience.

Don't get carried away with flashy PowerPoint transition effects as these may distract attention form the content. 

Write down main points on a postcard sized piece of card as a prompt and also as a backup in case the technology fails!

Too many bullets can machine gun your audience to sleep!

Non-Verbal Delivery

Non-Verbal communication is more powerful than verbal communication.

“Action Speaks Louder Than Words”

Body Language is any communication created by your body. Ex: eye contact, gestures, expression, posture, appearance etc.

Eye Contact “Live Eyes Are the Windows to the Soul” The eyes can tell you if a person is happy, sad, scared, in pain, etc. They communicate messages.

Facial Expressions

Just like the eyes, facial expressions  communicate messages and emotions.

 Smile before you begin speaking.

A smile will make you audience feel good about you and will help you speak with confidence and ease.

Hand Gestures

Hand gestures can enhance a speech by providing symbols that replace a verbal message, such as the “peace” sign or the symbol for “O.K.”

Be careful when using hand gestures because meanings vary in different cultures.

  • Posture

    Stand straight.

    Look like you are happy to be there.

    Good posture communicates confidence.


A speaker should dress in a manner that will effectively communicate your message.

Dress appropriately for the occasion, not too dressy or too casual.

Your appearance can create a positive first impression, and make you more credible and believable.

“General Guidelines: Always look professional

Key Secrets of Effective Presentation:

Be Prepared

Give yourself to the audience

Stay Relaxed

Add Natural Humour

Plan your Body and Hand Positions

Pay attention to all details

Maintain your anxiety-

Never Apologize, Confess or make Excuses

Give the audience all the enthusiasm you want back

Get the audience involved in your presentation

It is very important that you pay attention to even the smallest details. You can never over plan. The person, who fails to plan, is actually planning for a failure