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Essential Question. Why was Cornwallis’ march to Yorktown the fatal mistake that led to overall Patriot victory? . The Revolutionary War Ends . Chapter 7 Section 3 (Pt II). A Fatal Mistake. Lord Cornwallis was greatly frustrated by his setbacks in the Carolinas

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essential question
Essential Question
  • Why was Cornwallis’ march to Yorktown the fatal mistake that led to overall Patriot victory?
the revolutionary war ends

The Revolutionary War Ends

Chapter 7 Section 3 (Pt II)

a fatal mistake
A Fatal Mistake
  • Lord Cornwallis was greatly frustrated by his setbacks in the Carolinas
    • He had deduced that the southern rebels were being supplied from VA
      • W/o waiting for orders from commanding Gen. Henry Clinton, Cornwallis marched into VA
trapped at yorktown
Trapped at Yorktown
  • While in VA, Cornwallis received orders to march his army to NY
    • He ignored these orders and decided to set up a base on VA’s Yorktown peninsula
      • From there Cornwallis expected to be resupplied via the Chesapeake Bay
      • Unfortunately, Cornwallis’ decision left his army isolated, vulnerable, and at risk of being trapped
summary test question
Summary/Test Question
  • The British army who surrender effectively ended the Revolutionary War was led by whom?
    • John Burgoyne
    • Henry Clinton
    • Lord Cornwallis
    • Baron von Steuben
the battle of yorktown
The Battle of Yorktown
  • The British tried to protect themselves @ Yorktown by encircling the town w/ redoubts
    • These small, artillery-laden forts were meant to keep CA artillery at a distance
      • Once the CA arrived, though, they methodically attacked and captured each redoubt one at a time
        • Soon, CA cannon were in range to bombard Cornwallis’ positions w/i the town
patriot victory
Patriot Victory!!
  • Cornwallis quickly realized he had no way out via a land route
    • He pinned all of his hopes on being rescued by the British fleet via Chesapeake Bay
    • However, a large French fleet of warships stationed in the Caribbean arrived in the bay first, and stopped the British fleet from saving Cornwallis’ army
      • At that point (Oct. 19, 1781), Cornwallis had no choice but to surrender his 8,000 remaining troops
      • The Rev. War, for all intents and purposes, was over!
why the americans won
Why the Americans Won
  • Though they faced daunting obstacles, the Americans were able to win independence
    • Contributing factors to victory, some which only became apparent as the war progressed, were:
      • Patriots fought for a unified cause (life, family, liberty)
      • Patriots fought on their “home field”
        • Shorter supply lines
        • Easier communication
        • Civilian support
      • Foreign Allies (France, Spain, Dutch)
      • Strong Leadership (GW, Lafayette, Von Steuben, etc.)
    • The combination of these factors overcame the seemingly overwhelming military advantages of the British
the terms
The Terms
  • The terms of the treaty were:
    • Britain must recognize the U.S. as free and independent
    • The U.S. borders were set at the Miss. R, Canada, & Florida
    • The U.S. would receive fishing rights off Canada’s coast
    • Britain would return captured slaves
    • Both sides agreed to repay debts owed to each other*
    • Congress would recommend to the states that they either purchase or return any property seized from Loyalists*

* Many Americans were not happy with these particular terms