Vertebrates
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Vertebrates. Project 1 Erica O’Malley. Before we begin let’s review a few instructions…. Back to question Back Homepage Next Slide Quiz. ?. What exactly is a vertebrate?. A vertebrate is an animal that has a backbone or a spinal column. There are 5 types of vertebrates 1 Mammals

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Vertebrates

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Vertebrates

Project 1

Erica O’Malley


Before we begin let’s review a few instructions…

Back to question

Back

Homepage

Next Slide

Quiz

?


What exactly is a vertebrate?

  • A vertebrate is an animal that has a backbone or a spinal column.

  • There are 5 types of vertebrates

    1 Mammals

    2 Fish

    3 Birds

    4 Reptiles

    5 Amphibians


A quick review before we begin…

1 What is the definition of a vertebrate?

they do not have a backbone or spinal cord

they do have a backbone or spinal cord

none of the above

a

b

c


Incorrect!

Try again…

a. They do no have a backbone or spinal cord

Review 1


Correct!

Great job!

b. They do have a backbone or spinal column


Incorrect!

Try again…

c. None of the above

Home

Review 1


Now that we know what a vertebrate is we are ready to learn about the 5 types of vertebrates…

Click one the vertebrates to begin.

Fish

Mammals

Birds

Reptiles

Amphibians


Fish

Characteristics:

  • Aquatic vertebrates

  • Cold-blooded

  • Lay eggs

  • Have two sets of paired

  • fins

  • Have skin covered in scales

  • Have gills used for breathing

  • Live in all types of water at a variety of different depths

  • About 28,000 living species today

Vertebrates


Examples of Fish

Vertebrates


Fish Review

What is unique about fish?

they are only found in water

they live in all types of water

they are warm-blooded

a

b

c

Vertebrates


Correct!

Great job!

a. They are only found in water

Vertebrates


Incorrect

b. They live in all types of water

(this is true but this is not what makes them unique)

Vertebrates


Incorrect

c. They are warm-blooded

Vertebrates


Mammals

Characteristics:

  • Warm-blooded

  • Have sweat glands

  • Have hair

  • Have specialized teeth

  • Have three middle ear bones

  • used for hearing

  • Give live birth

  • Have a neocortex region in the brain

  • They are endothermic

  • About 5,000 living species

Vertebrates


Examples of Mammals

Vertebrates


Mammal Review

What are two characteristics of mammals?

warm-blooded and give live birth

warm-blooded and lay eggs

cold-blooded and give live birth

a

b

c

Vertebrates


Correct!

Great job!

a. warm-blooded and give live birth

Vertebrates


Incorrect

Try again…

b. warm-blooded and lay eggs

?


Incorrect

Try again…

c. cold-blooded and give live birth

?


Birds

Characteristics:

  • Warm-blooded

  • Lay eggs

  • Range in size from two inches to nine feet

  • Have feathers

  • Have a beak with no teeth

  • Have a four-chambered heart

  • Most but not all can fly

  • Found in most all ecosystems from the south pole to the north pole

  • They communicate with each other through song

  • About 10,000 living species today

Vertebrates


Examples of Birds

Vertebrates


Bird Review

All birds are warm-blooded and can fly.

True

False

Vertebrates


Incorrect

Try again…

True

?


Correct!

Great job!

False

Vertebrates


Reptiles

Characteristics:

  • Cold-blooded

  • Skin is covered in scales

  • They breath with lungs

  • Found on every continent except Antarctica

  • They lay eggs but some give live birth

  • They can walk, crawl, slither, and or swim depending on their species

  • About 8,000 living species today

Vertebrates


Examples of Reptiles

Vertebrates


Reptile Review

How are reptiles born?

by hatching from eggs

live-birth

both a and b

a

b

c

Vertebrates


Incorrect

Try again…

a. by hatching from eggs


Incorrect!

Try again…

b. live birth


Correct!

Awesome!

c. both a and b

Vertebrates


Amphibians

Characteristics:

  • They have four legs

  • Exothermic meaning that they regulate their body temperature based on the temperature of their environment

  • Spend part of time on land and or other part in fresh water depending on the species

  • Able to breath through lungs, gills, and or their skin

  • About 6,200 living species today

Vertebrates


Examples of Amphibians

Vertebrates


Amphibian Review

Amphibians are the only vertebrates that have the ability to spend time in and/or out of water.

True

False


Correct!

Great job!

True

Vertebrates


Incorrect

Try again…

False


Now that we know all about the five different types of vertebrates, let’s review with a short quiz to test your knowledge of vertebrates.

Vertebrates


Question 1

What is the definition of a vertebrate?

nothaving a backbone or spinal column

having a backbone or spinal column

none of the above

a

b

c


Incorrect

a. not having a backbone or spinal column

Q1


Correct!

b. having a backbone or spinal column


Incorrect

Try again…

c. none of the above

Q1


Question 2

Which type of vertebrate is endothermic?

bird

mammal

fish

reptile

amphibian

a

b

c

d

e


Incorrect

a. bird

Q2


Correct

b. mammal


Incorrect

c. fish

Q2


Incorrect

d. reptile

Q2


Incorrect

e. amphibian

Q2


Question 3

Which type of vertebrate ranges in size from 2 inches to 9 feet tall?

Mammal

Fish

Reptile

Bird

Amphibian

a

b

c

d

e


Incorrect

a. mammal

Q3


Incorrect

b. fish

Q3


Incorrect

c. reptile

Q3


Correct

d. bird


Incorrect

e. amphibian

Q3


Question 4

Reptiles can live on land and/or in water depending on the type of species.

True

False


Correct

True


Incorrect

False

Q4


Question 5

Which type of vertebrate is able to regulate it’s body temperature depending on it’s environment?

Bird

Fish

Amphibian

Mammal

Reptile

a

b

c

d

e


Incorrect

a. bird

Q5


Incorrect

b. Fish

Q5


Correct

c. Amphibian


Incorrect

d. Mammal

Q5


Incorrect

e. reptile

Q5


Question 6

Fish are the only vertebrate that are able to swim in water.

True

False


Incorrect

True

Q6


Correct

True


Question 7

Which type of vertebrate are humans?

Mammal

Amphibian

Reptile

a

b

c


Correct

a. Mammal


Incorrect

b. Amphibian

Q7


Incorrect

c. Reptile

Q7


Question 8

Which type of vertebrate does not lay eggs?

Mammal

Fish

Bird

Amphibian

Reptile

a

b

c

d

e


Correct

a. Mammal

End


Incorrect

b. Fish

Q8


Incorrect

c. Bird

Q8


Incorrect

d. Amphibian

Q8


Incorrect

e. Reptile

Q8


Great job! You have now learned about all 5 types of vertebrates and have correctly answered all of the quiz questions!

Home


References

  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals.html

  • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/Groups.shtml

  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/amphibians.html

  • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/coloring/amphibians.shtml

  • http://www.webspawner.com/users/petcentralamphibians/

  • http://www.webspawner.com/users/petcentralreptiles/index.html

  • http://www.webspawner.com/users/petcentralmammals/index.html

  • http://www.livescience.com/fish/

  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds.html

  • http://www.whatbird.com/

  • www.ffdp.ca

  • www.weblo.com

  • statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us

  • www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

  • www.cosmosmagazine.com

  • www.denverzoo.org

  • www.kidport.com

  • www.kaikanani.com

  • www.galenfrysinger.com

  • potch74.wordpress.com

  • www.mypets.net.au


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