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Topic 1: What is Islam and faith. Mesude Ozturk Dialog Student Association University of Oklahoma. What is Islam?. Islam has a wide population in the world is also the most misunderstood religion means the active submission to the one God

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topic 1 what is islam and faith

Topic 1: What is Islam and faith

Mesude Ozturk

Dialog Student Association

University of Oklahoma

what is islam
What is Islam?
  • Islam
    • has a wide population in the world
    • is also the most misunderstood religion
    • means the active submission to the one God
    • teaches that God (Allah) is the source of all creation and that human beings are the best of His creation
    • is the final religion revealed to human beings through the last Prophet Muhammad.
rules of islam
Rules of Islam
  • Praying 5 times a day (salah)
  • Fasting in the Ramadan
  • Charity
  • Visiting the Kabe
  • Accepting one god and Mohammad is his the last messenger
what muslims believe
What Muslims believe?
  • Muslims believe
    • The first Prophet was Adam followed by a long chain of Prophets to guide humanity.
    • One God and in Muhammad as the final Prophet of God
    • The Qur’an, which is the holy book for Muslims, is the word of God revealed to Prophet Muhammad and contains 114 chapters (called Suras).
    • Quran is the pure word of God, unadulterated over 14 centuries
what muslims believe1
What Muslims believe?
  • Believing in
    • One God
    • Messengers of God
    • Angels of God
    • Books of God
    • The big Judgment day
    • Destiny and fate comes from God
the teachings of islam
The Teachings of Islam
  • Islam teaches that
    • human beings are born pure and sinless
    • No one is responsible for, or can take responsibility for the sins of others
    • The doors of forgiveness are always open for those who repent sincerely
  • Islam balances the spiritual life by emphasizing human responsibility with daily life
  • People are created with a purpose.
the teachings of islam1
The Teachings of Islam
  • Apart from human responsibility, Islam also teaches human accountability
  • The final destination of human beings is the hereafter
  • Muslims believe that all human beings will be resurrected to account for their deeds in the day of Judgment
    • Those who have performed righteous deeds will be rewarded with eternal bliss in heaven and those who have performed evil acts will be punished in hell.
what does prophet muhammad pbuh mean to us
What does Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) mean to us?
  • “You have a good example in God’s Messenger for whoever hopes for God and the Last Day, and remembers God often.” (33:22)
  • The Messenger
  • Perfect Servant of God
  • Perfect Example of
    • Husband
    • Father
    • Grandfather
    • Friend
    • Businessman
    • Leader
    • Statesman
    • Educator
why is prophet muhammad pbuh important
Why is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) important?
  • Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
    • Interpreter
    • Living Quran
    • Living Islam
  • Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) teaches me
    • build a relationship with God
    • have a better understanding of myself
    • have a better understanding of the universe
why is prophet muhammad pbuh important1
Why is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) important?
  • Perfection in humanism
    • Ferrari & Mechanic
  • Answering the meaning of life
    • Who am I?
    • Where do I come from?
    • Where do I go to?
implications
Implications
  • Achieving pleasure of God
  • Great husband
  • Great father
  • Great friend
  • Great teacher
  • Truthful and trustworthy person
shia and sunni
Shia and Sunni
  • Islam has two major schools of thought – the Shi’a and the Sunni.
  • The Sunnis believe that the community selected its own leader after Prophet Muhammad’s death whereas
  • the Shi’as believe that the Prophet had appointed ‘Ali, by divine will, to be his successor. Leadership is thus divinely designated.
  • both the Sunnis and the Shi’as are united in their major beliefs i.e., they believe in the same God, the same book, the same Prophets and pray in the same direction.
  • The differences are mainly theological and jurisprudential.
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