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Informational Text Understanding Comparison and Contrast PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Informational Text Understanding Comparison and Contrast. Comparison and Contrast. When you compare , you look at two or more things and see how they are the same; when you contrast , you look for differences. .

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Informational Text Understanding Comparison and Contrast

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Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Informational Text

Understanding Comparison and Contrast


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

When you compare, you look at two or more things and see how they are the same; when you contrast, you look for differences.

Look at these two photographs of eggs. First compare the two photographs. Then contrast them.

Using a Venn Diagram


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

To compare and contrast things, writers use a compare-and-contrast organizational pattern. Writers use one of two methods.

Block method

The writer discusses all the features of subject 1, then all the features of subject 2.

Point-by-point method

The writer chooses a feature and shows how it applies to subject 1, then how it applies to subject 2.


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Topic-eggs

Topic–eggs

Subject 1

Container–nest

Subject 2

Container-basket

Setting–artificial

Setting-natural

Comparison and Contrast

To use the block method, discuss all the features of subject 1. Then discuss all the features of subject 2.


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Feature 1

Topic-eggs

Topic–eggs

Container-basket

Feature 2

Container–nest

Setting-natural

Setting–artificial

Feature 3

Comparison and Contrast

To use the point-by-point method, choose a feature and show how it applies to subject 1. Then show how each feature applies to subject 2.

Subject 2

Subject 1


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

Remember, when you compare two or more things, think about how they are the same; when you contrast, you look for differences.

These two dragons are the same in some ways and different in other ways.


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

To compare the dragons of Pern in “The Smallest Dragonboy,” you would look for ways in which the dragons are the same.

They all bond with a human for life.

They all help defend the planet from the evil Thread.


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

To contrast the dragons of Pern, you would look for ways in which they are different.

Green dragons are small and fast.

Brown dragons are large and strong.

Only the huge bronze dragons can mate with the queen.


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

In “Here Be Dragons,” the writer compares and contrasts dragons. Which method does the writer use?

Point-by-Point Method

Block Method

Subject 1: Eastern dragons

Feature 1: Behavior

Feature 2: Origins

Feature 3: Appearance

Feature 1: Behavior

Subject 1: Eastern dragons

Subject 2: Western dragons

Feature 2: Origins

Subject 1: Eastern dragons

Subject 2: Western dragons

Subject 2: Western dragons

Feature 1: Behavior

Feature 2: Origins

Feature 3: Appearance


Informational text understanding comparison and contrast

Comparison and Contrast

The End


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