Chapter 8 creating the constitution
Download
1 / 22

Chapter 8 Creating the Constitution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 209 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 8 Creating the Constitution. C8.2 Early Quarrels and Accomplishments. States quarreled. about taxes on goods traded about state boundaries. Land Ordinance 1785. agreement/law about western lands divided into 6 mile squares (townships) townships had 36 sections of 640 acres each

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chapter 8 Creating the Constitution' - cadee


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 8 creating the constitution

Chapter 8 Creating the Constitution


C8 2 early quarrels and accomplishments
C8.2 Early Quarrels and Accomplishments

States quarreled

  • about taxes on goods traded

  • about state boundaries


Land ordinance 1785
Land Ordinance 1785

  • agreement/law about western lands

  • divided into 6 mile squares (townships)

  • townships had 36 sections of 640 acres each

  • one section for schools

  • other sections sold to settlers


Northwest ordinance 1787
Northwest Ordinance 1787

  • law that divided NW Territory into smaller territories

  • territories became states:

    - 5,000 free men elect a legislature

    - population is 60,000

  • had list of rights for settlers

  • slavery was banned in NW


C8 3 shays s rebellion
C8.3 Shays’s Rebellion

Money problems

  • paper money was worthless

  • not enough gold or silver to mint coins

  • states made their own money

    • too many kinds

    • not worth much

    • hard to trade


Farmers rebel

  • MA farmers unable to pay debts & taxes

  • courts took their land & livestock

  • Daniel Shays was an unpaid war veteran

  • he led a rebellion

  • rebels took over courts

  • tried to seize weapons in arsenal


Government’s response

  • no Continental Army

  • federal government had no power to get involved

  • MA state government sent state militia

  • 5 killed, many wounded

  • over 1000 arrested

  • trial set most free

  • 2 were hanged


Results of the rebellion

  • showed U.S. government was weak

  • need to fix the Articles of Confederation

  • decided to have a constitutional convention


C8 4 opening the constitutional convention
C8.4 Opening the Constitutional Convention

When & Where

  • summer 1787

  • Philadelphia, PA

  • Independence Hall


Purpose

  • fix the Articles of Confederation

  • instead decided to write a new constitution

  • wanted more power to the national (federal) government


Delegates

  • 55 men from 12 states (no RI)

  • George Washington was president of the convention

  • two-thirds were lawyers

  • one-third owed slaves

  • James Madison called “Father of the Constitution”

    -took over 600 pages of notes

    - most involved delegate

  • had a rule of secrecy


Shared Beliefs

  • purpose of govt. is to protect people’s rights

  • govts. come from the people (“consent of the governed”)

  • ideas of Enlightenment thinkers

    • liberty & equality

    • best govt. is a republic


Concerns

  • Who should vote?

  • How powerful should the national govt. be?


C8 5 issue how should states be represented in the new government
C8.5 Issue: How should states be represented in the new government?

Proposal

The Virginia Plan

Proposal

The New Jersey Plan

  • 3 branches of govt.

  • Congress has 2 houses

    • representation based on population

    • large states get more reps.

  • 3 branches of govt.

  • Congress has 1 house

    • each state gets the same votes


C8 6 resolution the great compromise
C8.6 Resolution: The Great Compromise government?

  • 3 branches of govt.

  • two-house Congress

    • House of Representatives based on population (big states get more reps.)

    • Senate, each state gets 2 votes (2 senators)


C8 7 issue how should slaves be counted
C8.7 Issue: How should slaves be counted? government?

The South

The North

  • wanted slaves counted in a state’s population

  • had the most slaves

  • get more reps. if slaves counted

  • don’t count slaves for representation

  • only count slaves as property to be taxed

  • only count free people for representation


C8 8 resolution the three fifths compromise
C8.8 Resolution: The Three-Fifths Compromise government?

  • count each slave as three-fifths of a person

  • slave trade could continue for 20 years until 1808

  • fugitive slave law – escaped slaves had to be returned to owners


C8 9 issue how should the chief executive be elected
C8.9 Issue: How should the chief executive be elected? government?

Areas of Agreement

Areas of Disagreement

  • should have one leader called a president

  • four year term (no king)

  • Vice President

  • some wanted Congress to choose leader

  • some thought people should elect the president

  • some wanted president chosen by a group of electors


C8 10 resolution the electoral college
C8.10 Resolution: The Electoral College government?

  • group called Electoral College elects Pres. & VP

  • made of electors from each state

  • state electors = # of senators and reps. of the state

  • electors vote in Dec.

  • vote for who won their state

  • need majority vote to win (270 today)


C8 11 the convention ends
C8.11 The Convention Ends government?

  • ratify = approve

  • needed 9 states to ratify Constitution

  • 38 delegates signed the Constitution

  • 17 delegates refused to sign it

    • gave too much power to national govt.

    • did not protect people’s rights


C8 12 the constitution goes to the nation
C8.12 The Constitution Goes to the Nation government?

Federalists

Anti-Federalists

  • supporters of the Constitution

  • for a strong national govt.

  • The Federalist Papers: articles urging states to ratify the Constitution

  • opponents of the Constitution

  • fears

    • Congress would over-tax

    • President would be like a king

    • did not list specific rights of people

    • states might lose power


ad