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Paragraph Structure. An Assertion must: Indicate the specific topic you are going to discuss (What an author is doing ) Indicate what your observation or conclusion about the topic is . All paragraphs must contain an assertion.

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Presentation Transcript

All paragraphs must contain an assertion

  • An Assertion must:

  • Indicate the specific topic you are going to discuss (What an author is doing)

  • Indicate what your observation or conclusion about the topic is

All paragraphs must contain an assertion.

Assertion is another term for Topic Sentence or Thesis Statement.


Sample assertions
Sample Assertions

Strong Assertion

Weak Assertion

Nancy Mairs is disabled, which establishes her ethos for her essay.

  • In a brilliant effort to encourage her readers to agree with her challenging argument, Mairs establishes strong ethos early in the essay.



The next step examples

  • Examples are specific

  • Quotes should be kept short

  • Choose examples that clearly demonstrate your assertion

The Next Step: Examples

Examples come from the text


Sample examples
Sample Examples

Strong example

Weak example

She tells us she is disabled when she says “I am a forty-three year old woman crippled with MS.”

  • In the first paragraph, Mairs introduces herself to her audience in blunt terms: “I am a forty-three year old woman crippled with MS.”



The final step commentary

The Final Step: Commentary

Commentary may be called analysis or explanation

Commentary reveals the effect of the author’s choice


Commentary
Commentary

Strong commentary

Weak commentary

Her use of the word “crippled” reminds us that she is disabled, which is the topic of her essay.

  • This direct approach immediately puts the reader at ease; the author is not going to try to make her audience feel badly about her condition.



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