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Acupuncture-moxibustion and Massage. From culture to medicine and Ancient therapies for modern illnesses. Xuefei Wu M.D., Ph.D. 1.History and Tools with Cultural tips Original needles: Stone needles( 砭 石 , Bian shi) Ancient acupuncture:( 鍼 , zhen)

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Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

Acupuncture-moxibustion and Massage

From culture to medicine


Ancient therapies for modern illnesses

Xuefei Wu M.D., Ph.D

Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

1.History and Tools with Cultural tips

Original needles:

Stone needles(砭石,Bian shi)

Ancient acupuncture:(鍼, zhen)

(nine needles) made by metal

Current needles

acupoint injection

Acupoint catgut embedding

Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

The best is moxibustion and second is needles, and then is herbs –Huang Di Nei Jing(Yellow emperor’s inner classic )


灸 (jiu)

艾叶 (ai ye)


Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

Scratching(刮痧, Gua sha) and Cupping(拔罐, Ba Guan)

2 basic theory of tcm






2. Basic theory of TCM

Balance and harmony

Chinese perspective

Inside,outside,all around

“Health is a state of optimal physical, mental and emotional wellbeing, not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.”

Dorland’s Medical Dictionary, 26th Ed.

Relationship of

Five elements

promoting/generating and

constrain/inhibiting mutually

Viscera organs theory zang xiang inward property outward presentation

Viscera/organs theory(脏象, Zang xiang, 脏-inward property,象-outward presentation)

Concept of “organ” is not confined to its anatomical structure,but more to do with all the functions ascribed to that organ byTCM

Zang-viscera Fu-viscera

(holid,Yin) (hollow,Yang)

Lung Large intestine

Heart Small intestine

Liver Gallbladder

Kidney Bladder

Spleen Stomach

Pericardium Triple warmer

3 meridians and collaterals jing luo

3.Meridians and collaterals (经络, jing luo)

Foot yang- ming

meridian of stomach

Flow chart of the twelve normal medians

Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

4.How Does Acupuncture Work?

TCM Concept:

Where there is pain, there has no free flow of Qi and When there is free flow if QI, there has no pain/heath

Acupoints, the places for Qi moving in, gathering, communicating and going out, reflect the illness and accept the stimulus

Diagnoses, treats & prevents illness holistically, through the stimulation, support and maintenance of the body's innate healing systems

Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

Western Concept

A. Gate control Theory:

AP stimulates the inhibitory

nerve fibers and block the transduction of pain signals

B Humeral Mechanisms

Interaction of AP point with

Spinal Cord, Brainstem and Higher Centers

Mediated through neurochemical and

neuroendocrine interactions, such as

endorphins, substance P, cortisol, etc

C somatovisceral reflex autonomic effects

AP stimulation converges with visceral efferent resulting in reflexive interactions with internal organs (along internal connecting meridians)

Regionally located

Referred pain regions

C.Somatovisceral Reflex: Autonomic Effects

Western Concept

D.Trigger Points:

Trigger points are areas of muscles that are irritated and in spasm Many Acupoints lie on or very close to trigger points

5 key for selecting acupoints and manipulating needles

5.Key for selecting acupoints and manipulating needles

Manipulating needles

De qi,arrival of qi,needling sensation,

Arrival of qi at the affected area

Principles for Selecting acupoint depend on routine TCM diagnoses, as well as meridianal travelling.

Meridians flowing through the area have healing effects on the area

A.Uniform manipulation

B.Reinforcing manipulation

C.Reducing manipulation


local and distant

Along the meridian

Based on symptoms…..

6 micro system acupuncture

The idea of all micro-systems acupuncture is that there is a map of the entire body on small, selected areas of the body, and, by stimulating these points, one can promote healing and pain relief in the corresponding body parts

Eg :Scalp, hand, Ear , Foot , Nose , Tongue, Face, abdominal Acupuncture

6.Micro-system Acupuncture

7 tui na massage

7. Tui na/massage

Normal/adult massage manipulation

Infant/child massage manipulation

8 what does acupuncture treat

8. What does acupuncture treat?

The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes acupuncture/massage for its effectiveness in treating many common disorders, including, but not limited to:

Disorders of the Bones, Muscles, Joints and Nervous System

Arthritis, neuralgia, migraine headaches, insomnia, dizziness and low back, neck and shoulder pain

Emotional and Psychological Disorders - Depression, anxiety and stress

Gynecological Disorders - Irregular, heavy or painful menstruation, PMS, infertility in women & men, and menopause

Gastrointestinal Disorders - Food allergies, peptic ulcer, constipation, chronic diarrhea, indigestion, gastrointestinal weakness, anorexia and gastritis

Urogenital Disorders - Stress incontience, urinary tract infections, and sexual dysfunction

Respiratory Disorders - Emphysema, sinusitis, asthma, allergies and bronchitis.

Circulatory Disorders - Hypertension, arteriosclerosis and anemia

Addictions - Alcohol, nicotine and drugs

General Medicine - Eye, ear nose and throat disorders, including cold and flu symptom relief

Acupuncture moxibustion and massage

Thanks you!

Xuefei Wu, M.D.,Ph.D

GSM: 044 0823 511

Toinen linja 3, Hakaniemi,Hel

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