Abstract Expressionism 1946 -1960s. Abstract Expressionism 1946 -1960s. Abstract Expressionism 1946 -1960s. When and How Did It Start?. Years right after World War II Small group of painters New York City Previous surrealism art movement. What are the Movement’s Roots?.
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There are different opinions on how it began;
Harmonie Tranguille (Quiet Harmony) by Wassily Kandinsky. The original masterpiece oil painting was painted in 1924.
Winter landscape with Church
Kandinsky was an expressionist artist from the Der Blaue Reiter era. Kandinsky’s works were humanitarian, spiritual and non-political.
Into 2 main facets
Action or Gestural Paints
The return of Thornton Willis reflects the enduring legacy of abstract painting.
Artists Techniques and Media Use;
The artists typically applied paint rapidly and with force to their huge canvases in an effort to show feelings and emotions, they painted gesturally, non-geometrically, sometimes applying paint with large brushes and sometimes dripping or even throwing paint onto canvas.
Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)
Willem de Kooning (1904-1997)
Hans Hofmann (1880-1966)
Franz Kline (1910-1962)
Mark Tobey (1890-1976)
Philip Guston (1913-1980)
Adolph Gottlieb (1903-1974)
The media referred to Jackson Pollock as “Jack the Dripper
Oil on canvas, 116.4 x 55.1 cm
Oil on canvas
Painting on paper mounted on canvas, 61 x 80 cm
Paint on canvas, 220.4 x 150.2 cm
Willem de Kooning, Light in August, 1946 Oil & enamel on canvas, 139.8 x 105.5 cm
Pastel, pencil, and oil on two hinged sheets, 30.8 x 24.2 cm
oil and charcoal on canvas, 154.5 x 114.5 cm, NGA
Oil on canvas, 152.4 x 121.9 cm
Oil on canvas, 214.0 x 132.7 cm
Oil on canvas, 190.5 x 123.2 cm
Tempera on paper, 21 x 20 cm
Gouache on paper, 24.7 x 31.7 cm
Gouache and watercolour on paper, 65.2 x 50.1 cm
Philip Guston To B.W.T.,1952
Oil on canvas,123.2 x 130.8 cm
Oil on canvas 116.8 x 121.9 cm
Oil on canvas, 178.1 x 199.1 cm
Oil, pencil and crayon on canvas,199.5 x 259.6 cm)
Oil and crayon on canvas, 147.3 x 177.8 cm
Cy Twombly, Untitled (Bolsena), 1969oil-based house paint, wax crayon, and graphite on canvas, 203.2 x 244.2 cm
Characterised by large areas of a more or less flat single colour. It differed from Abstract Expressionism in that these artists eliminated both the emotional, mythic or religious content of the earlier movement, and the highly personal and painterly or gestural application associated with it.
Clyfford Still (1904-1980)
Barnett Newman (1905-1970)
Ad Reinhardt (1913-1967)
Helen Frankenthaler (1928-)
Jules Olitski (1922-)
1956 Oil on canvas,
92.1 x 266.1 cm
1951-N, 1951oil on canvas, 234.5 x 175.6 cm
Untitled, 1956Oil on canvas, 92.1 x 266.1 cm
Mark Rothko, Untitled (Violet, Black, Orange, Yellow on White and Red), 1949Oil on canvas, 207 x 167.6 cm
Oil on canvas, 233.0 x 193.0 cm NGA
Mark Rothko, Sienna, Orange & Black on Dark Brown,1962Oil on canvas, 193 x 175 cm
Barnett Newman, Achilles, 1952oil and acrylic resin on canvas, 241.6 x 201 x 5.7 cm
Oil on canvas, 203.2 x 106.7 cm
Oil on canvas, 153.0 x 152.6 cm
Acrylic on canvas, 207 x 118.1 cm
Helen Frankenthaler, Viewpoint II, 1979Acrylic on canvas, 206.38 X 240.03 cm
synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 418.2 x 179.0 cm NGA