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Totalitarian Leaders. Mussolini: . Country/Year to Power: Italy 1922-1945 Political Party: Fascist Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime Minister by King Victor Emmanuel Nickname: Il Duce Secret Police: Black Shirts. Mussolini:. Strategies used to stay in Power:

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mussolini
Mussolini:

Country/Year to Power: Italy 1922-1945

Political Party: Fascist

Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime Minister by King Victor Emmanuel

Nickname: Il Duce

Secret Police: Black Shirts

mussolini1
Mussolini:

Strategies used to stay in Power:

  • Strengthened the military
  • Invaded Ethiopia to show power
  • Partnered with Hitler
  • Used propaganda and censorship
stalin
Stalin:

Country/Year to Power: USSR 1928-1953

Political Party: Communist

Came to Power: Lenin died. Stalin named the successor after having Trotsky exiled to Mexico and later executed

Nickname: Man of Steel

Secret Police: Checka

stalin1
Stalin:

Strategies used to stay in Power:

  • 5 Year Plans
    • Increased industry
    • Improved farming and transportation
  • Used propaganda and censorship
  • Created Collectives (large farms) and the Kulaks (wealthy farmers) resisted
  • The Great Purge- killing of political opponents
hitler
Hitler:

Country/Year to Power: Germany 1933-1945

Political Party: Nazi

Came to Power: Elected Chancellor of the Weimar Republic-within a year names himself dictator. Creates the Nazi Party.

Nickname: DerFuher

Secret Police: Gestapo/SS Storm Troopers

hitler1
Hitler

Strategies used to stay in Power:

  • Anti-Semitism (“against the Jew”)
    • Nuremburg Laws
    • Hitler Youth
    • Kristallnacht (“night of broken glass”)
  • Mein Kampf (“my struggles”)-manifesto
  • Final Solution- exterminate Jews from Europe (Holocaust)
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