Totalitarian leaders
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Totalitarian Leaders. Mussolini: . Country/Year to Power: Italy 1922-1945 Political Party: Fascist Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime Minister by King Victor Emmanuel Nickname: Il Duce Secret Police: Black Shirts. Mussolini:. Strategies used to stay in Power:

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Totalitarian Leaders

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Totalitarian leaders

Totalitarian Leaders


Mussolini

Mussolini:

Country/Year to Power: Italy 1922-1945

Political Party: Fascist

Came to Power: March on Rome-demanded to be named Prime Minister by King Victor Emmanuel

Nickname: Il Duce

Secret Police: Black Shirts


Mussolini1

Mussolini:

Strategies used to stay in Power:

  • Strengthened the military

  • Invaded Ethiopia to show power

  • Partnered with Hitler

  • Used propaganda and censorship


Stalin

Stalin:

Country/Year to Power: USSR 1928-1953

Political Party: Communist

Came to Power: Lenin died. Stalin named the successor after having Trotsky exiled to Mexico and later executed

Nickname: Man of Steel

Secret Police: Checka


Stalin1

Stalin:

Strategies used to stay in Power:

  • 5 Year Plans

    • Increased industry

    • Improved farming and transportation

  • Used propaganda and censorship

  • Created Collectives (large farms) and the Kulaks (wealthy farmers) resisted

  • The Great Purge- killing of political opponents


Hitler

Hitler:

Country/Year to Power: Germany 1933-1945

Political Party: Nazi

Came to Power: Elected Chancellor of the Weimar Republic-within a year names himself dictator. Creates the Nazi Party.

Nickname: DerFuher

Secret Police: Gestapo/SS Storm Troopers


Hitler1

Hitler

Strategies used to stay in Power:

  • Anti-Semitism (“against the Jew”)

    • Nuremburg Laws

    • Hitler Youth

    • Kristallnacht (“night of broken glass”)

  • Mein Kampf (“my struggles”)-manifesto

  • Final Solution- exterminate Jews from Europe (Holocaust)


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