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H1N1 Update October 2009 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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H1N1 Update October 2009. Patricia Lynn Meyer, BSN, MPH, CIC. Objectives. Discuss current status of disease Identify patients at high risk Identify symptoms of H1N1 Discuss isolation/segregation Define restriction of visitors and staff with H1N1 or exposed to H1N1. Spread is via droplets.

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H1N1 Update October 2009

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H1n1 update october 2009 l.jpg

H1N1 UpdateOctober 2009

Patricia Lynn Meyer, BSN, MPH, CIC


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Objectives

  • Discuss current status of disease

  • Identify patients at high risk

  • Identify symptoms of H1N1

  • Discuss isolation/segregation

  • Define restriction of visitors and staff with H1N1 or exposed to H1N1


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Spread is via droplets


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Current Status

  • Approximately 48,000 cases in U.S.

  • 500 adult deaths and 76 pediatric deaths with 11 pediatric deaths in week 38 (9/20-9/26)

  • 99% of influenza A are H1N1

  • Tamiflu indicated for treatment

  • H1N1 Vaccine now available


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The Big Picture


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2009 H1N1 Confirmed and Probable Case Rate in the United States, By Age Group


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2009 H1N1 U.S. Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Population, By Age Group


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What Should You Look For?

Seasonal Influenza

H1N1

Temp (100 or above)

Cough

Sore Throat

Runny Nose

Extreme Tiredness

Muscle Aches

Headaches

Chill

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

  • Temp (101 or above)

  • Cough

  • Sore Throat

  • Runny Nose

  • Extreme Tiredness

  • Muscle Aches

  • Headaches

  • Chills


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When to Call the Doctor

Children

Adults

Difficulty breathing or trouble catching their breath

Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen

Sudden dizziness

Severe or ongoing vomiting

Symptoms improve then return with fever and cough

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing

  • Bluish or grey skin color

  • Not drinking enough fluids

  • Severe or ongoing vomiting

  • Not waking up or interacting

  • So irritable child does not want to be held

  • Symptoms improve then fever and cough return


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Isolation/Segregation

  • Confine to room

  • Droplet precautions with surgical/procedure mask

  • Good hand hygiene

  • Extra cleaning/disinfection of high touch areas

  • Look for other cases

  • Keep line list

  • Notify health department


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Care of the H1N1 Resident

  • Hydrate

  • Fever control

  • Patient safety

  • Pain medication

  • Nutrition

  • Continued assessment


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Control Measures

  • Educate everyone

  • Good hand hygiene

  • Extra cleaning

  • Social Distancing

  • Screening for new cases


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Employee/Visitor Restriction

  • Restrict individuals with symptoms from working or entering your building (CDC-7 days)

  • Screen visitors and staff for history of exposure and restrict from work or entry or mask

  • Educate regarding policies (written or oral communication)


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How Prepared Are You For Infectious Diseases?


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Websites Available for Monitoring a Pandemic and for General Health Information

  • cdc.gov

  • WHO.org

  • MoDHSS.gov


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