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The CONSTITUTION. Chapter 4 Year 12 Legal Studies. Federation. Single entities coming together to form one single entity 1800’s British colonies Each colony makes laws on its own behalf 1870’s and 1880’s fear of invasion 1891 conventions Framing of the federal constitution

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the constitution

The CONSTITUTION

Chapter 4

Year 12 Legal Studies

federation
Federation
  • Single entities coming together to form one single entity
  • 1800’s British colonies
  • Each colony makes laws on its own behalf
  • 1870’s and 1880’s fear of invasion
  • 1891 conventions
  • Framing of the federal constitution
  • States reluctant to give up all their powers
  • Powers given for nation – defence and coining money
commonwealth of australia constitution act 1900 uk
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA CONSTITUTION ACT 1900 (UK)
  • Colonies become states
  • States have their own parliaments
  • The Commonwealth Parliament established
  • Came into force 1 January 1901
definition
DEFINITION
  • An British Act of parliament that provides a framework within the Commonwealth Parliament and the High Court was established.
  • Sets out the power of the Commonwealth Parliament
  • It tells the states and the Commonwealth what they can do and cannot do with respect to law making
slide5

Outlines the structure of the Commonwealth Parliament

  • The composition of both the House of Representatives and the Senate
  • It list the legislative powers of the Commonwealth Parliament
  • The power of the High Court to interpret the constitution.
division of power
DIVISION OF POWER
  • Specific powers

Exclusive – Areas only Clth can Legislate

Concurrent - Both Clth and State can legislate

  • Residual Powers – Left out of the consitution at the time of federation. Left with the states
how are states powers protected
How are states powers protected
  • Residual powers – e.g. law enforcement. Environment, public transport, education, health
  • S106
  • S107
  • S108
  • S121

(see page 111)

specific powers
Specific powers
  • Section 51 (39 heads of power plus 1)

(see page 111)

  • Exclusive powers (made exclusive by other sections)

S 51 (xii) currency, coining and legal tender s115

S51 (iii) customs and excise s90

S51 (vi) naval and militarys114

  • Some powers made exclusive by their nature (page1 14)
concurrent power
Concurrent power
  • Examples – Taxation, marriage
  • Section 109

‘if there is a conflict between state and commonwealth legislation an area of concurrent law making power, the commonwealth law will prevail to the extent of the inconsistency between the two pieces of legislation and the inconsistent state law will be invalid.’

case studies
Case Studies
  • John McBain v The State of Victoria & Ors (2000)
  • Ansett Transport Industries (Operations) Pty Ltd v Wardley
restrictions on state power
Restrictions on state power
  • Page 118
  • S114
  • S115
  • S90
  • S92
  • 109
restrictions on commonwealth palriament
Restrictions on Commonwealth Palriament
  • S106, 108
  • Residual powers
  • S116
  • S117
  • S99
  • S92
  • S51(xxxi)
  • S51 (ii)
  • s128
changing the constitution
Changing the Constitution
  • REFERENDUM
  • Section 128
  • Double Majority – pass both houses
  • Majority of voters
  • Majority of states
holiday homework
Holiday Homework
  • Summarise Pages 109 to 137
  • Complete Questions 1 to 17
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