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Technology and users. What drives technical diffusion?. World Bank STI Conference. February 13 th 2007. What is EWB Canada?. Global Citizens 25,000 members Engagement/ outreach Advocacy. Rural Africa Technical Capacity Building Field realities to policy makers. Technology transforms.

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What drives technical diffusion

Technology and users

What drives technical diffusion?

World Bank STI Conference

February 13th 2007


What is ewb canada
What is EWB Canada?

  • Global Citizens

  • 25,000 members

  • Engagement/outreach

  • Advocacy

  • Rural Africa

  • Technical Capacity Building

  • Field realities topolicy makers


Technologytransforms.


Processing
Processing

What is the role of

Technology

Traditional


What is the role of sti in helping the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems

New technology?

Adoption?

What is the role of STI in helping the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems?


What is the role of sti in helping the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems1
What is the role of STI in helping the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems?


What is the role of sti in helping the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems2
What is the role of STI in helping the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems?



Less focus on technology their vulnerability being adopted?

More focus on the users


Understanding users needs and realities
Understanding Users’ needs and realities their vulnerability being adopted?

Functional

Social &

Cultural

Economic


1 understanding cultural social factors a brick press
1 their vulnerability being adopted?Understanding cultural/social factors – a brick press


1 understanding users functional realities cassava plant
1. their vulnerability being adopted? Understanding users’ functional realities – cassavaplant


1 understanding users functional realities
1. their vulnerability being adopted? Understanding users’ functional realities


3 understanding economics
3. their vulnerability being adopted? Understanding economics


Inputs their vulnerability being adopted?

Treadle Pump Value Chain

  • Fertilizer

  • Seeds

  • Herbicides

Parts

Marketing/

Distribution

End-User

Repair

Manufacture

Markets

  • Local/International

  • Intermediaries

  • Transport

Treadle Pump Value Chain


Free goods destroys the value chain their vulnerability being adopted?

End-User

Treadle Pump Value Chain



Functional incorporate users’ context?

Product

Social &

Cultural

Economic

Entrepreneur-driven process


Functional incorporate users’ context?

Positive

Out-comes

Social &

Cultural

Economic

Development-driven process


Conservation farming
Conservation Farming incorporate users’ context?


Backbreaking to dig basins. This is supposed to decrease but not intuitive to farmers.

  • Departure from existing hand-hoeing, farmers perceive as risky

  • complex

Functional

“My fellow villagers believed that there is something wrong with me to dig holes in my fields… many mistook me for a hard hashish smoker. They believe my

good harvest

is by sheer good

luck or witchcraft.

Positive

Out-comes

Yield increases in years with little rain mean that farmers will likely give part of surplus to others in community

Social &

Cultural

Economic

Conservation farming is not as "prestigious" as using oxen.

Conservation Farming challenges


Understand the users not intuitive to farmers.




The opportunity better understanding of users1
The opportunity – better understanding of users not intuitive to farmers.

Donors

NGOs supporting entrepreneurs

1

Development workers

Entrepreneurs

2

People adopting new technologies and techniques


Thank you
THANK YOU not intuitive to farmers.


Rural transformation

Farmers adopting new technologies such that: not intuitive to farmers.

Higher yields

Non-ag income

Markets to sell ad surplus

Kids go to school

Healthier, better housed

Etc.

Overall – LESS VULNERABLE

Technical sector able to provide farmers services

Ag yeilds

Biotech

Inputs

Irrigation

Processing/transforming

Storage

Transport

Housing/water

Etc.

Rural Transformation


What can be done to encourage the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems

Problem is lack of Technology – products and know-how? not intuitive to farmers.

Problem is lack of technical products and services spreading?

“What can be done to encourage the spread of appropriate technical solutions to these problems?”


Not much progress for Africa not intuitive to farmers.


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