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HOW TO TEACH CHILDREN’S ART. Art vs Craft. Art is an opportunity for children to explore art media with no product goal or samples of what the product is to look like when finished. Child Directed = they are given the supplies and told an idea and then let loose to create.

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Art vs Craft

  • Art is an opportunity for children to explore art media with no product goal or samples of what the product is to look like when finished.

    • Child Directed = they are given the supplies and told an idea and then let loose to create.

      • Ie: create an elephant out of these materials.

  • Craftsrequire that the children produce something that is similar or exactly the same. They are showed an end result, told what materials to use, told what to do, and how to do it.

    • Teacher Directed = Child wants theirs to look like the one you showed them instead of creating their own unique product.

      • Black line (ie: coloring books) copies


What can art do for children
WHAT CAN ART DO FOR CHILDREN?

  • It is therapeutic – can be an expression of strong feelings.

  • A means to express self – interest, perceptions and style.

    • Children are not yet under the constraints of realism.

    • They feel free to represent in their art what matters to them.

    • Shows the uniqueness of child’s identity.

  • Gives them a sense of accomplishment.

    • What if they ask you to do it for them?


What can art do for children cont d
WHAT CAN ART DO FOR CHILDREN? Cont’d

  • Gives them a heightened awareness and appreciation of the beauty of the visual world.

  • Helps them organize and understand the world.

  • Visual thinking helps cognitive (intellectual) and emotional development.

    • Art is a record of growth and the child’s unique way of relating to the world.



Children are often very creative; however, we sometimes teach children that it is unacceptable.


How to teach art
HOW TO TEACH ART: teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • RELAX THE CONTROLS:

    • No lessons, just let them develop their own creativity.

      • Picasso said, “We all should learn to draw like a child – it teaches us to be free and spontaneous.

    • Avoid the use of models and patterns. It inhibits creativity and free expression.

      • Coloring books (black line paper) VS. Blank paper

    • Avoid constant adult interference, supervision, and control.

    • Expect a mess.

      • These are great as long as they know that they must help clean up.


How to teach art cont d
HOW TO TEACH ART: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Remember it is the Process not the Product that is important.


How to teach art1
HOW TO TEACH ART: teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Tolerate Differences

    • Each child should feel that his art is taken seriously, understood, commented on, and appreciated.

    • The process or final product may seem funny but remember that the child’s intention is serious.

    • Don’t judge or inhibit spontaneous expression.

    • Encourage children to try using materials in different ways.

      • “I wonder if the bottom of the crayon will work the same as the top?”

    • Get excited about their discoveries and share your own discoveries, too, as you work along with them.


How to teach art2
HOW TO TEACH ART: teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Inspire Perseverance

    • Encourage the children to see their product through to the end.

    • Never interrupt a child deeply involved in their work.

      • Albert Einstein said that he actually had no specific talent, but that it was just his, “obsession and dogged endurance” that helped him arrive at life-changing ideas.

    • Support and encourage by responding appropriately to their words and their actions:

      • Praise their attempts

      • Listen, respond, and question

      • Specific positive reinforcement “Nice Job!” VS.

        • “I like the way you put those buttons close together”


How to teach art cont d1
HOW TO TEACH ART: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • How to respond:

    • “Tell me about it. “ VS.

      • “What is it a picture of?”

    • Describe what you see

      • “You used all of the colors.”

    • Talk about their actions

      • “Look how fast your arm moves”

    • Talk about the process

      • “How is it organized?”

      • “Where does the idea come from?”

      • “What did you enjoy doing in this picture.”


The art center
The Art Center teach children that it is unacceptable.

Usually freeplay – choose to participate

Organization of the area affects the kids ability for inspiration, creativity, and self-expression

Shelves with clear containers

Near a sink

Away from traffic and activity

Tables and chairs

Easels act as a room division

Display the area and room with children’s work!


Basic materials to inspire creativity
Basic Materials to inspire Creativity teach children that it is unacceptable.

Paint On

Paint With

Draw On

Draw With

Clean up With

Put things together with

Cut with

Mold

Construct

Whatever you plan to throw away.


Stages of art
STAGES OF ART teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Scribbling:

    • Begins at 18 months, usually zigzags, by age 3 uses shapes in scribbling.


Stages of art cont d
STAGES OF ART: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Pre-schematic:

    • 4 year olds try to represent things, colors not realistic.


Stages of art cont d1
STAGES OF ART: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Schematic:

    • About age 7 – like to represent forms.


Stages of art cont d2
STAGES OF ART: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Schematic continued:

    • Sex differences at this age.

      • What do boys draw? What do girls draw?


Stages of art cont d3
STAGES OF ART: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Realism:

    • About age 9, smaller, more details, don’t want to show work, often get discouraged. Why?


Do we learn to draw a landscape
DO WE LEARN TO DRAW A LANDSCAPE? teach children that it is unacceptable.

DRAW YOUR CHILDHOOD HOUSE AND LANDSCAPE.


How important are these aspects of expectations
HOW IMPORTANT ARE THESE ASPECTS OF EXPECTATIONS? teach children that it is unacceptable.

  • Neatness

  • Realistic

  • Focused on a theme or idea

  • Following directions and copying a model

  • Novel or original work


Art activities for children
ART ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN: teach children that it is unacceptable.

ART PROJECTS

  • Cooked play dough

  • Goofy Goop

  • Texture pictures with sand paper & crayons

  • Light Table

  • Tissue paper Art

  • Tie Die Art


Art activities for children cont d
ART ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN: Cont’d teach children that it is unacceptable.

Wire Whip & Fly Swatter ArtPaint Roller ArtSalad Spinner ArtColored BubblesEye Dropper Art


Magnet Painting teach children that it is unacceptable.

Rubber Band Painting

Fabric and cotton on a stick

Paint Bombs

Paint Rollers

Wire whisk

Tissue on paper-squirt with water

Color on sandpaper, and iron

White pasta, make snowflakes

Spray bottles in snow, mix colors

Tape tongue depressors, Draw pic's and make a puzzle

Graphing on shower curtain

Wands-Hangers and Tissue paper

TP tubes with ribbon

PVC pipes and sensory tables

Berry Baskets and Hole Punches


Play Dough teach children that it is unacceptable.

Cereal Art

Spaghetti Art

Bubble Gum Art

String Art

Leaf Print- Dip in paint and print

Tissue on paper and squirt with water

Color on sand paper and bake to melt

Punch out on paper and brush over Strainer

Warming Tray

Hand Christmas Tree

Cup Cake liners- Snowman, flowers

Popsicle sticks: Flowers and Triangle

Cornflake Wreath

Ball with glued tissue paper and glitter


Salt Dough Ornaments teach children that it is unacceptable.

Cinnamon Sticks rubbed on and cut out as ornaments

Squirt Shaving Cream on Laminated Santa Face

Finger Painting

Mix Colors- charts

Shaving Cream on bag to mix colors

Eye Droppers

Spray bottles in snow to mix colors

Soak tongue depressor in food coloring, dry-mix Shaving Cream

Weave Plastic mat in slits-Chicken wire, cardboard and yarn

Lacing Cards- lace with yarn, pipe cleaner, or shoelaces

Tape tongue depressors, draw pictures, then make into puzzle


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