Grammar. in a nutshell. # 3. Prepositions of time. When you talk about time, you often have to use a preposition (voorzetsel). There are differen prepositions of time, they are: to – past– at – on – in – before Let’s start with the clock…
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in a nutshell
Prepositions of time
Whenyou talk about time, youoften have touse a preposition
(voorzetsel). There are differenprepositions of time, they are:
to – past– at – on – in – before
Let’s start with the clock…
Youusetoandpastwhenyou are literallytalkingabout time:
It is 10 to2 (10 minutes before 2 o’clock) or
It is 20 past 3 (it is 20 minutes after 3 o’clock).
Quarter= Sopast is after the wholehour, 15 minutestois before the wholehour.
Football practise is onMondays.
The classes start inSeptember.
Let’s look at this clip:
At, in or on?
I go walking ........ the morning.
I’m leaving ……… the end of the year.
He is meeting me ……… 9.30am ……… the morning.
There are two ways you can talk about the future
will andgoing to.
You use will to say that something is (not) going to
happen in the future. In Dutch you say ‘zal’ or ‘zullen’.
It is a fact or you believe it to be true.
For example: In speech: you shorten willto ‘ll, so:
It will snow tomorrow. It’llsnow tomorrow.
(Because Piet Paulusma
said so and we believe If something is not going to happen
that he is always right ;))you say: willnot or won’t…
If you make a decision at the moment of speaking you use will. If you have made a past decision (something you already planned), then you use going to.
If you expect something to happen or
you have prove that something is going to happen or
when something was planned before use GOING TO.
I think, it’s going torain.(expectation – the sky is lookingverygrey)
Look, it’s going tosnow.(proof – youcansee the first snowdrops)
I’m going tothe doctor in an hour. (plan – you have made the appointmentalready)
Add not before going to if something is not going to happen.
Still confused about the future?
Maybe this lady will be able to make it clear for you:
Exercise 2 (p. 84 WB)
2. Whatwill the weatherbelike in Friesland today?
3. Look at thosedarkclouds!
4. What’s the weather forecast fortomorrow?
5. What are yourplansfortoday?
6. Do I need a rain coat?
It willbecloudyand 20 degreescelcius.
I thinkit is goingtorain…
Therewillbefog in the morning.
I’mgoingtowatch a football match in the afternoon.
Ifyou say somethingand want toaskpeopleifthey feel the
same way, youcan put a question behindyoursentence.
Whenyou make a positive(+)sentence, youraddedsentence
(the question at the end) has tobenegative(-).
Sheis a really smart girl, isn’tshe?
But,whenyou make a negative(-)sentence,
you put a positive(+) question at the end.
Sheisn’ta smart girl, is she?
Question Tags (2)
Yourepeat the form of tobe, or the auxilliary
(hulpwerkwoord), in the added question.
He is (+) taking Spanish lessons, isn’t (-)he?
You can(+) cut my hair, can’t (-)you?
You won’t (-)call me back, will (+) you?
No ‘be’ or other ‘auxilliary’ in the
You know (+) where I live, don’t (-)you?
He never (-) talks, does(+) he?
Please complete the hand out!
On missabels.wordpress.comyoucanfind the answersto the exercisesfromthischapter.
Go to: SteppingStones – Year 2 – Chapter 3 – Key.
Youneed the password, so show me ifyou have finishedall the exercisesand I willgiveyou the password!
Test Chapter 3: NEXT WEEK!
in a nutshell